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Leadership Theories

Leadership Theories

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Published by Shibly

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Published by: Shibly on Jan 11, 2012
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11/02/2012

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Leadership TheoriesTrait Theory
 The trait theory of leadership is the view that people are born with inherited traits -and that some traits are particularly suited to leadership.
Traits
Honest
Inspiring
Forward-Looking
Competent
Intelligent
Skills
Clever (intelligent)
Conceptually skilled
Creative
Diplomatic and tactful
Fluent in speaking
Knowledgeable about group task 
Organised (administrative ability)
Persuasive
Socially skilled
Behavioral Leadership Theories
Assumptions
Leaders can be made, rather than are born.Successful leadership is based in definable, learnable behavior.
University of Michigan Studies
The work conducted by the University of Michigan
, under the supervision of Rensis Likert,referred to a manager's leadership style as being either:
Conducted shortly after WWII
One dimensional
Identified two basic leadership styles:
Production oriented
Employee orientedThe conclusion of the original researchers was that
employee orientated
leaders achieved higher levels of workplace productiveity, and had more satisfied staff than did
production orientated
leaders. However, others argue
 
Ohio State Univerity Studies
The Ohio studies
, conducted at about the same time as those in Michigan under the direction of Ralph Stogdill, referred to these two ways of leading as:
After WWII
Measured specific leader behaviors
Identified two dimensions
Consideration
Initiating Structure
A leader could possess varying amounts of both dimensions
High in providing structure to the work of staff, and high in its focus onrelationships.
High in providing structure to the work of staff, yet low in its focus onrelationships.
Low in providing structure to the work of staff, yet high in its focus onrelationships.
Low in providing structure to the work of staff, and low in its focus onrelationships.
The Leadership Grid
 The leadership grid, also known as the managerial grid model, was developed in the1960s Robert Blake and Jane Mouton. It provided a an easy to understand visualmodel of earlier research into the two key factors of leadership, and by rating leaderbehavior using a more finely graded, 1-9 measure, allowed for additional styles toemerge.
A 1,1 style shows a
low concern for results
and a
low concern for people
impoverished or abdicate leadership
.
A 9,1 style shows a
high concern for results
and a
low concern for people
compliance management
.
A 1,9 style shows a
low concern for results
and a
high concern for people
the country club manager
.

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