harvesting for the purpose of battery charging, with particular focus on the current outputof piezoelectric harvesters.The first objective involved presenting and verifying a model for a cantilever piezoelectric bimorph. Next, an investigation into new active fiber composite materialsand macro fiber composite devices utilizing the
coefficient is performed incomparison to a monolithic piezoelectric bimorph. The information gathered here wasused to design a two bimorph device termed the mobile energy harvester (MEH). Worn by a human being at the waste level, the MEH harvests energy from each footfall duringwalking or running.The next objective involved characterizing small temperature gradient (less than200
C) thermoelectric generators (TEGs). Four TEGs were linked in series and joinedwith a specially made aluminum base and fin heat sink. This device was then mounted tothe exhaust system of an automobile and proved capable of recharging both an 80 and a300 milliamp-hour battery. A switching circuit concept to step up the output voltage isalso presented. However, the circuit proves somewhat difficult to implement, so analternative DC/DC device is proposed as a possible solution. With the advent of highlyefficient, low voltage DC to DC converters, it is shown that their high current, lowvoltage output can be converted to a higher voltage source that is suitable for manyelectronic and recharging applications.As extensive literature exists on the capabilities of photovoltaic andelectromagnetic energy harvesting, no original experimentation is presented. Instead,only a brief overview of the pertinent technological advances is provided in thisdocument for the purpose of comparison to piezoelectric and thermoelectric energyharvesting. The main research focus, as described above, is dedicated to designing and performing original experiments to characterize cutting edge piezoelectric andthermoelectric transducer materials. To conclude and unify the document, the finalsection compares the power harvesting techniques with one another and introducesmethods of combining them to produce a hybrid, multiple energy domain harvestingdevice. A piezoelectric-electromagnetic harvesting combination device is presented andscrutinized, revealing that such a device could improve the amount of energy extractedfrom a single harvesting unit.