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Table Of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION
STUDY APPROACH
2. BACKGROUND
HISTORY AND COMPOSITION OF TIRE STUDS
3. WINTER TIRE PERFORMANCE
FRICTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS
TEMPERATURE EFFECTS AND ROAD CONDITIONS
PENNSYLVANIA TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE STUDY
SWEDISH ROAD AND TRAFFIC INSTITUTE STUDY
1994 ALASKA STUDIES
1995 ALASKA STUDIES
Figure 3. Stopping Distances (m) of Test Tires with All Vehicle Types Combined
Figure 5. Stopping Distances (m) of Test Tires with All Vehicle Types Combined
OTHER PERFORMANCE DATA FROM ALASKA
THE EFFECTS OF STUDDED TIRE USE ON TRAFFIC ACCIDENT RISK
DRIVING HAZARDS CAUSED BY PAVEMENT WEAR
INCIDENTAL TRACTION IMPROVEMENTS
DRIVER BEHAVIOR
OTHER FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF STUDDED TIRES
Cost of Studded versus Studless Tires
Fuel Consumption
Convenience and Mobility
Suspended Particulate Matter
Noise
CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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Studded Tire Report Final Nov 2002

Studded Tire Report Final Nov 2002

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Published by fhdeutschmann

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Published by: fhdeutschmann on Jan 11, 2012
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