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docc1984

docc1984

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AP\u00ae Physics C
1984 Free Response Questions

The materials included in these files are intended for use by AP teachers for course and
exam preparation in the classroom; permission for any other use must be sought from
the Advanced Placement Program\u00ae. Teachers may reproduce them, in whole or in part,
in limited quantities, for face-to-face teaching purposes but may not mass distribute
the materials, electronically or otherwise. These materials and any copies made of
them may not be resold, and the copyright notices must be retained as they appear
here. This permission does not apply to any third-party copyrights contained herein.

These materials were produced by Educational Testing Service\u00ae (ETS\u00ae), which develops and administers the examinations of the Advanced Placement Program for the College Board. The College Board and Educational Testing Service (ETS) are dedicated to the principle of equal opportunity, and their programs, services, and employment policies are guided by that principle.

The College Board is a national nonprofit membership association dedicated to preparing, inspiring, and connecting students to college and opportunity.
Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 4,200 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational organizations. Each year, the
College Board serves over three million students and their parents, 22,000 high schools, and 3,500 colleges, through major programs and services in
college admission, guidance, assessment, financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning. Among its best-known programs are the SAT\u00ae, the
PSAT/NMSQT\u00ae, and the Advanced Placement Program\u00ae (AP\u00ae). The College Board is committed to the principles of equity and
excellence, and that commitment is embodied in all of its programs, services, activities, and concerns.

APIEL is a trademark owned by the College Entrance Examination Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark jointly owned by the College Entrance Examination
Board and the National Merit Scholarship Corporation. Educational Testing Service and ETS are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service.
Copyright \u00a9 1984 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.
College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board.

1984M1. An amusement park ride consists of a rotating vertical cylinder with rough canvas walls. The floor is
initially about halfway up the cylinder wall as shown above. After the rider has entered and the cylinder is rotating
sufficiently fast, the floor is dropped down, yet the rider does not slide down. The rider has mass of 50 kilograms,
the radius R of the cylinder is 5 meters, the angular velocity of the cylinder when rotating is 2 radians per second,
and the coefficient of static friction between the rider and the wall of the cylinder is 0.6.

a. On the diagram below. draw and identify the forces on the rider when the system is rotating and the floor has

dropped down.
b. Calculate the centripetal force on the rider when the cylinder is rotating and state what provides that force.
c. Calculate the upward force that keeps the rider from falling when the floor is dropped down and state what

provides that force.
d. At the same rotational speed, would a rider of twice the mass slide down the wall? Explain your answer.
Copyright \u00a9 1984 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.
College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board.

1984M2. Two satellites, of masses m and 3m, respectively, are in the same circular orbit about the Earth's center,
as shown in the diagram above. The Earth has massMe and radiusRe . In this orbit, which has a radius of2 Re , the
satellites initially move with the same orbital speed vo but in opposite directions.
a. Calculate the orbital speed vo of the satellites in terms of G,Me , andRe .
b. Assume that the satellites collide head-on and stick together. In terms of vo find the speed v of the combination

immediately after the collision.
c. Calculate the total mechanical energy of the system immediately after the collision in terms of G, m,Me , and
Re .Assume that the gravitational potential energy of an object is defined to be zero at an infinite distance
from the Earth.
1984M3. A small body of mass m located near the Earth\u2019s surface falls from rest in the Earth's gravitational
field. Acting on the body is a resistive force of magnitude kmv, where k is a constant and v is the speed
of the body.
a. On the diagram below, draw and identify all of the forces acting on the body as it falls.

b. Write the differential equation that represents Newton's second law for this situation.
c. Determine the terminal speed vT of the body.
d. Integrate the differential equation once to obtain an expression for the speed v as a function of

time t. Use the condition that v = 0 when t= 0.
e. On the axes provided below, draw a graph of the speed v as a function of time t.
Copyright \u00a9 1984 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.
College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board.

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