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docc1993

docc1993

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AP\u00ae Physics C
1993 Free response Questions

The materials included in these files are intended for use by AP teachers for course and
exam preparation in the classroom; permission for any other use must be sought from the
Advanced Placement Program\u00ae. Teachers may reproduce them, in whole or in part, in
limited quantities, for face-to-face teaching purposes but may not mass distribute the
materials, electronically or otherwise. These materials and any copies made of them may
not be resold, and the copyright notices must be retained as they appear here. This
permission does not apply to any third-party copyrights contained herein.

These materials were produced by Educational Testing Service\u00ae (ETS\u00ae), which develops and administers the examinations of the Advanced Placement
Program for the College Board. The College Board and Educational Testing Service (ETS) are dedicated to the principle of equal opportunity, and their
programs, services, and employment policies are guided by that principle.

The College Board is a national nonprofit membership association dedicated to preparing, inspiring, and connecting students to college and opportunity.
Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 4,200 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational organizations. Each year, the
College Board serves over three million students and their parents, 22,000 high schools, and 3,500 colleges, through major programs and services in
college admission, guidance, assessment, financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning. Among its best-known programs are the SAT\u00ae, the
PSAT/NMSQT\u00ae, and the Advanced Placement Program\u00ae (AP\u00ae). The College Board is committed to the principles of equity and
excellence, and that commitment is embodied in all of its programs, services, activities, and concerns.

APIEL is a trademark owned by the College Entrance Examination Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark jointly owned by the College Entrance
Examination Board and the National Merit Scholarship Corporation. Educational Testing Service and ETS are registered trademarks of Educational Testing
Service.
Copyright \u00a9 1993 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.
College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board.

1993M1. A massless spring with force constant k = 400 newtons per meter is fastened at its left end to a vertical wall, as shown in Figure 1. Initially, block C (mass mc = 4.0 kilograms) and block D (mass mD = 2.0 kilograms) rest on a horizontal surface with block C in contact with the spring (but not compressing it) and with blockD in contact with block C. Block C is then moved to the left, compressing the spring a distance of 0.50 meter, and held in place while blockD remains at rest as shown in Figure 11. (Use g = 10 m/s2.)

a. Determine the elastic energy stored in the compressed spring.

Block C is then released and accelerates to the right, toward blockD. The surface is rough and the
coefficient of friction between each block and the surface is\u00b5 = 0.4. The two blocks collide
instantaneously, stick together, and move to the right. Remember that the spring is not attached to block
C. Determine each of the following.

b. The speed vc of block C just before it collides with blockD
c. The speed vf blocks C andD just after they collide
d. The horizontal distance the blocks move before coming to rest

1993M2. A car of mass m, initially at rest at time t = 0, is driven to the right, as shown above,
along a straight, horizontal road with the engine causing a constant force Fo to be applied. While
moving, the car encounters a resistance force equal to -kv, where v is the velocity of the car and k is
a positive constant.
a. The dot below represents the center of mass of the car. On this figure, draw and label vectors to

represent all the forces acting on the car as it moves with a velocity v to the right.
b. Determine the horizontal acceleration of the car in terms of k, v, Fo, and m.
c. Derive the equation expressing the velocity of the car as a function of time t in terms of k, Fo,
and m.
Copyright \u00a9 1993 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.
College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board.

1993M3. A long, uniform rod of massM and lengthl is supported at the left end by a
horizontal axis into the page and perpendicular to the rod, as shown above. The right end is
connected to the ceiling by a thin vertical thread so that the rod is horizontal. The moment of
inertia of the rod about the axis at the end of the rod is Ml2/3. Express the answers to all
parts of this question in terms ofM, l, and g.
a. Determine the magnitude and direction of the force exerted on the rod by the axis.

The thread is then burned by a match. For the time immediately after the thread breaks, determine each
of the following:

b. The angular acceleration of the rod about the axis
c. The translational acceleration of the center of mass of the rod
d. The force exerted on the end of the rod by the axis

The rod rotates about the axis and swings down from the horizontal position.
e. Determine the angular velocity of the rod as a function of\u03b8, the arbitrary angle through which
the rod has swung.
Copyright \u00a9 1993 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.
College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board.

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