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Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1. Speech Recognition
1.2. Neural Networks
1.3. Thesis Outline
2. Review of Speech Recognition
2.1. Fundamentals of Speech Recognition
2.2. Dynamic Time Warping
2.3. Hidden Markov Models
2.3.1. Basic Concepts
2.3.4. Limitations of HMMs
3. Review of Neural Networks
3.1. Historical Development
3.2. Fundamentals of Neural Networks
3.2.1. Processing Units
3.3. A Taxonomy of Neural Networks
3.3.1. Supervised Learning
3.3.2. Semi-Supervised Learning
3.3.3. Unsupervised Learning
3.3.4. Hybrid Networks
3.3.5. Dynamic Networks
3.4. Backpropagation
3.5. Relation to Statistics
4. Related Research
4.1. Early Neural Network Approaches
4.2. The Problem of Temporal Structure
4.3. NN-HMM Hybrids
4.3.1. NN Implementations of HMMs
4.3.2. Frame Level Training
4.3.3. Segment Level Training
4.3.4. Word Level Training
4.3.5. Global Optimization
4.3.6. Context Dependence
4.3.7. Speaker Independence
4.3.8. Word Spotting
4.4. Summary
5.2. Conference Registration
5.3. Resource Management
6. Predictive Networks
6.1. Motivation... and Hindsight
6.2. Related Work
6.3. Linked Predictive Neural Networks
6.3.1. Basic Operation
6.3.2. Training the LPNN
6.3.3. Isolated Word Recognition Experiments
6.3.4. Continuous Speech Recognition Experiments
6.3.5. Comparison with HMMs
6.4.1. Hidden Control Neural Network
6.4.2. Context Dependent Phoneme Models
6.4.3. Function Word Models
6.5. Weaknesses of Predictive Networks
6.5.1. Lack of Discrimination
6.5.2. Inconsistency
7.1. Overview
7.2.1. The MLP as a Posterior Estimator
7.2.2. Likelihoods vs. Posteriors
7.3. Frame Level Training
7.3.1. Network Architectures
7.3.2. Input Representations
7.3.3. Speech Models
7.3.4. Training Procedures
7.3.5. Testing Procedures
7.3.6. Generalization
7.4. Word Level Training
7.4.1. Multi-State Time Delay Neural Network
7.4.2. Experimental Results
7.5. Summary
8. Comparisons
8.1. Conference Registration Database
8.2. Resource Management Database
9. Conclusions
9.1. Neural Networks as Acoustic Models
9.2. Summary of Experiments
9.3. Advantages of NN-HMM hybrids
Appendix A.Final System Design
Author Index
Subject Index
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(Brain Study)_Speech Recognition Using Neural Networks

(Brain Study)_Speech Recognition Using Neural Networks

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Published by Sadhunika Tennakoon

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Published by: Sadhunika Tennakoon on Jan 12, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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