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Livelihood Security: Climate change, conflict and migration in the Sahel

Livelihood Security: Climate change, conflict and migration in the Sahel

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The Sahelian countries (CILSS) are among the poorest countries in the world with the most degraded environments. They are also among the countries that are the most vulnerable to the estimated effects of climate change. This makes the region an area to focus regional and international attention on, in respect to the possible effects of climate change and its potential linkages to migration and/or conflict.

UNEP’s study focuses on the nine countries that form the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (Comit� Permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la S�cheresse dans le Sahel, CILSS), namely, Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger, Gambia and Burkina Faso. Part of CILSS�s mandate is to direct efforts towards natural resources management and food security.

The study seeks to:
1) Identify how and where climate change exacerbates existing vulnerabilities in the Sahel;
2) analyze its potential links to conflict and/or migration;
3) assess current policies that address the climate, conflict and migration nexus, and raise awareness, catalyze support; and finally,
4) Inform investments to meet emerging climate change adaptation needs.
The Sahelian countries (CILSS) are among the poorest countries in the world with the most degraded environments. They are also among the countries that are the most vulnerable to the estimated effects of climate change. This makes the region an area to focus regional and international attention on, in respect to the possible effects of climate change and its potential linkages to migration and/or conflict.

UNEP’s study focuses on the nine countries that form the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (Comit� Permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la S�cheresse dans le Sahel, CILSS), namely, Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger, Gambia and Burkina Faso. Part of CILSS�s mandate is to direct efforts towards natural resources management and food security.

The study seeks to:
1) Identify how and where climate change exacerbates existing vulnerabilities in the Sahel;
2) analyze its potential links to conflict and/or migration;
3) assess current policies that address the climate, conflict and migration nexus, and raise awareness, catalyze support; and finally,
4) Inform investments to meet emerging climate change adaptation needs.

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Published by: United Nations Environment Programme on Jan 12, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/19/2014

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United Nations Environment Programme
Livelihood Security
Climate Change, Migration and Confict
in the Sahel
 
 This report was produced through a technical partnership between UNEP, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the UN University, and written in collaboration with the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS). The University of Salzburg’s Center for Geoinformatics (Z_GIS) played a key technical role in the development of the maps.First published in 2011 by the United Nations Environment Programme © 2011, United Nations Environment Programme
Climate Change, Conflict and Migration in the Sahel
ISBN: 978-92-807-3198-9 Job Number: DEP/1432/GEUnited Nations Environment Programme 11-13, Chemin des Anémones CH-1219 Châtelaine, Geneva  Tel. : +41 (0)22 917 8530 Fax: +41 (0)22 917 8064 This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any form for educational or non-profit purposes without special permission from the copyright holder provided acknowledgment of the source is made. UNEP would appreciate receiving a copy of any publication that uses this publication as a source. No use of this publication may be made for resale or for any other commercial purpose whatsoever without prior permission in writing from UNEP. The designation of geographical entities in this report, and the presentation of the material herein, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the publisher or the participating organisations concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.Layout: Nikki Meith Cover image: Dust storm in Tekashuwart, Niger. © UNU/ Julie Snorek 
www.unep.org/conflictsanddisasters
 
Livelihood Security 
 
Climate Change, Migration and Conflict in the Sahel
United Nations Environment Programme in cooperation withInternational Organization for Migration (IOM)Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)United Nations University (UNU)andThe Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) This report was made possible by the generous contribution of the Government of Finland

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