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House Music

House Music

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Published by simonballemusic

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Published by: simonballemusic on Jan 12, 2012
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09/10/2014

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House Music
Club Dance or Electronic Dance music are umbrella terms for an extremely wide variety of musical terms which have grown up with the development of synthesizers, drum machines and digital sampling and recording technologiessince the late seventies/early eighties.These styles have a complex musical ancestry and the history of theirdevelopment can be hard to trace. Broadly speaking however, club dance musicdeveloped from House music, which, in turn, came from two main influences –disco and electronic music.Disco was an amalgam of funk and Philly soul and was the prominent nightclubmusic of the seventies – in other words it was developed primarily for dancing to.The tempo and drumming styles of disco records have influenced a number of Dance music styles but the most important aspect of Disco’s influence is that inheralded an era when the DJ and sound system would replace live music in clubs.The partnership between singer Donna Summer and Italian producer GiorgioMoroder is worthy of mention here. Moroder was asked to create an extendedclub mix of their 1975 hit “Love to Love You Baby”. The resulting 17 minute version with its lush strings and sexually charged vocal mark it out as animportant forerunner to the dance music of the 80s and 90s.Summer and Moroder produced another seminal disco track, “I Feel Love”. Thissong is perhaps even more of a blueprint for house and techno because of its useof synth bassline, programmed drums and processed vocal
Chicago House
In the early eighties a DJ named
Frankie Knuckles
playing funk, soul anddisco at Chicago’s
‘The Warehouse’
nightclub began using a Roland TR-909drum machine to thicken up the four-on-the-floor kick drum patterns of the discotracks. Knuckles also edited reel-to-reel tapes to augment and extend the trackshe was playing. As this innovative DJing approach developed, the new genreFrankie Knuckles was pioneering became known as ‘House’ music after the Warehouse club itself.
Garage
Meanwhile in Detroit and New York, two contemporaries of Frankie Knuckles were developing influential club styles of their own.New York DJ Larry Levan developed a more melodic, piano-led style of Houseknown as Garage (named after the Paradise Garage nightclub). This style wasmore soulful and gospel influenced than the sparse Chicago style.
 
Techno
The three individuals most closely associated with the birth of Detroit techno as agenre are Juan Atkins, Kevin Saunderson and Derrick May, also known as the"Belleville Three".
 
Producers in Detroit and Chicago at the time used the same hardware and evencollaborated on projects and remixes together, but the Detroiters traded thesoulful vocals of House for metallic clicks, robotic voices and repetitive hooksreminiscent of an automotive assembly line. Many of the early techno tracks hadfuturistic or robotic themes, although a notable exception to this trend was asingle by Derrick May under his pseudonym Rhythm Is Rhythm, called
 Strings of  Life
. This vibrant dancefloor anthem was filled with rich synthetic stringarrangements and took the underground music scene by storm in May 1987.European electronic band Kraftwerk is cited as a major influence on DetroitTechno.
Musical Characteristics of House
House is uptempo music for dancing, although by modern dance-musicstandards it is mid-tempo, generally ranging between 118 and 135 bpm. Tempostended to be slower in the early years of house.The common element of house is a prominent kick drum on every beat (alsoknown as a four-on-the-floor beat), usually generated by a drum machine orsampler. The kick drum sound is augmented by various kick fills and extendeddropouts. The drum track is filled out with hi-hat cymbal-patterns that nearly always include a hi-hat on quaver off-beats between each kick, and a snare drumor clap sound on beats two and four of every bar. This pattern derives from so-called "four-on-the-floor" dance drumbeats of the 1960s and especially from the1970s disco drummers. Producers commonly layer sampled drum sounds toachieve a more complex sound.Producers use many different sound-sources for bass sounds in house, fromcontinuous, repeating electronically generated lines sequenced on a synthesizer,such as a Roland SH-101 or TB-303, to studio recordings or samples of liveelectric bassists, or simply filtered-down samples from whole stereo recordings of classic funk tracks or any other songs. House bass-lines tend to favor notes thatfall within a single-octave range, whereas disco bass-lines often alternated between octave-separated notes and would span greater ranges. Some early house productions used parts of bass lines from earlier disco tracks. For example,producer Mark "Hot Rod" Trollan copied bass-line sections from the 1983 Italodisco song "Feels Good (Carrots & Beets)" (by Electra featuring Tara Butler) toform the basis of his 1986 production of "Your Love" by Jamie Principle. FrankieKnuckles used the same notes in his more famous 1987 version of "Your Love", which also featured Principle on vocals.Electronically generated sounds and samples of recordings from genres such as jazz, blues, disco, funk, soul and synth pop are often added to the foundation of the drum beat and synth bass line. House songs may also include disco, soul, or

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