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DAILY 01.12.12

DAILY 01.12.12

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Published by coo9486
Print edition of The Stanford Daily, published Jan. 12, 2012
Print edition of The Stanford Daily, published Jan. 12, 2012

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FEATURES/2
DRAGONRACING
Tomorrow 
Mostly Sunny 
6440
Today 
Mostly Sunny 
6340
SPORTS/5
ROCKIES ROAD TRIP
Women’s Basketball heads east to take onnew Pac-12 members Utah and Colorado
Index 
Features/2 • Opinions/4 Sports/5 Classifieds/7
Recycle Me
RESEARCH
Study finds rise in income segregation
Ongoing debate over Row chefcompensationBy THE DAILY NEWS STAFF
According to an email update circu-lated by the Stanford Labor ActionCoalition (SLAC), University adminis-trators have refused to meet SLAC’s de-mands regarding holiday bonuses andpaid vacation for Row chefs and kitchenassistants, known as “hashers.”SLAC stated that its representativesrecently met with University administra-tors, including Associate Vice Provost forStudent Affairs and Dean of ResidentialEducation Deborah Golder.Prior to winder break, SLAC circulat-ed a petition demanding the University“reinstate vacation pay and holidaybonuses for chefs and hashers in self-ops,Greek houses, and theme houses at thesame level as the 2010-2011 academicyear; give chefs and hashers full heathcare benefits as during the 2010-2011 ac-ademic year; cover parking permits andhealth certification expenses for chefsand hashers; and leave the kitchens of self-ops, Greek houses and theme hous-es in control of the students, chefs andhashers that have created these vibranthouse communities.”SLAC claims 1,400 Stanford commu-nity member signatures on the petition.[The Daily has yet to verify this numberbut estimates, due to some repeat andanonymous signatures, that the numberis over 1,200.]
Apple archive opens doors for select few 
By SANDY HUANG
A spotlight has recently been directed ata little-known archive of documents fromApple, Inc. The collection rests in an undis-closed location, guarded tightly by StanfordUniversity librarians as part of the specialcollections section.In 1997, Apple donated many of itsfounding documents, company records andprototypes to Stanford University afterSteve Jobs returned to the company. Thecollection has remained largely private,though interest in the archive has risensince the death of Jobs in October of lastyear.Parts of the collection have recentlybeen opened to exclusive groups such asthe Associated Press, under the conditionthat they not reveal the location. While thecollection is not open to the public, a major-ity of it has been available to Stanford stu-dents for years.“We welcome students, faculty, any qual-ified researcher to use these materials,” saidLeslie Berlin, a project historian at theStanford Silicon Valley Archives.The Apple collection, which occupies600 feet of shelf space, is considered a valu-able resource for researchers interested inengineering, marketing or those who wishto track how such a powerful corporationcame into being.“I really feel like a documentary recordis as close as you can get to a time machine,”Berlin said. “Having documents that comefrom the very time that a historian wouldwrite about in the future, those are very spe-cial.”The collection has a wide range of docu-ments. One is a detailed interview with Jobsand his business partner, Steve Wozniak.This interview reveals the reason Jobs andWozniak chose the now-famous Applename and logo because Apple wouldcome before Atari alphabetically in thephone book.Other parts of the collection offer amore personal peek into the culture of Apple in its early days. For example, a videocalled “Bluebusters” spoofs the popular“Ghostbusters” movie by having companyexecutives pose as “Bluebusters,” who re-place PCs produced by then-rival IBM withApple’s own Macintoshes.The only part of the Apple collectionstill unavailable to researchers is its hard-ware series. According to the OnlineArchive of California, that part of the col-lection will be “closed until it can be fullyarranged and described.”“We do not have a specific date set forcompleting processing of the hardware seg-ment of the collection,” Berlin said.With many researchers and historians,not to mention tech enthusiasts, itching toget a peek at the display, many are wonder-ing whether Stanford will open up thearchive to the public. Several media organ-izations have speculated that the collectionwould attract the attention of thieves, thusthe enhanced security and restrictive ac-cess.Henry Lowood, curator for History of Science and Technology Collections atStanford, was not available to comment forthis story.When asked if any of the other holdingsin the Stanford Silicon Valley Archivescould match Apple’s collection in terms of size, Berlin knew of a few.“In terms of the Apple collection rela-tive to others in our archives, we have sev-eral comparable collections in terms of re-search value, including Fairchild, Ampexand Varian Associates,” Berlin said, listingseveral powerful tech companies foundedin the region. The Silicon Valley Archivesalso feature a collection belonging toHewlett-Packard.“I think that all of our collections havesomething to offer different researchers,”Berlin said.Any researcher can view materials fromthe Apple collection in Green Library’sSpecial Collections Reading Room, locatedin the Bing Wing, by requesting themthrough a paging process, which can becompleted in person, by email or online andallows up to a maximum of five items perday.
Contact Sandy Huang at sunhuang@stan- ford.edu.
WORLD & NATION
Flu researchsparks debateover censorship
STUDENT GOVERNMENT
ASSU approves funding for two spring concerts
By SHELLEY XU
Researchers successfully created a version of theH5N1 virus, typically only virulent in wild waterfowl,which could possibly be transmitted to humans.The National Science Advisory Board for Biose-curity (NSABB) was set up after 9/11 to monitor thescientific community for bioterrorist threats. This isthe first time the board has recommended authorsnot publish parts of an article since its inception in2004, recommending scientists redact portions of thearticle which contain the methodology of how toreplicate the procedure.“This is about one of the worst things I can imag-ine,” said David Relman, Stanford professor of mi-crobiology and member of the U.S. National ScienceAdvisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB), referringto a scenario in which a transmissible form of H5N1avian flu might find its way into the public sphere, apossibility that recently came closer to reality due tocontroversial research by University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists and, independently, Dutch scien-tists.“The reality is that if it escaped, and behaved as wethink it might, it could cause a global pandemic unlikeanything anyone has ever seen,” said Relman, whohas been a member of the NSABB since its founding.The concern of the board is that people who wantto inflict harm, or even people who simply want topush the boundaries of biology without taking prop-er safety measures, could use the research to replicatethe transmissible virus and release it into the public.On the other hand, many critics say that the rec-ommendation approaches academic censorship andlimits scientific knowledge. Sara Tobin, a senior re-search scholar in Stanford’s Program for Genomics,Ethics and Society, is one such critic.“We all benefit from more understanding of bio-logical processes and how viruses work, and whenthings aren’t published, there isn’t any way to use thescientific methods to make sure . . . people can buildon that in constructive ways,” Tobin said.Tobin said the portion of the research which theNSABB recommended to be withheld from publica-tion could help scientists understand how the virustransmission works, and could be, “extremely useful
 An Independent Publication
 www.stanforddaily.com
THURSDAY Volume 240
January 12, 2012Issue 50
 The Stanford Daily
Board urges journals to withhold  publication, cites safety concerns
Coast to Coast on the Railroad
By BRENDAN O’BYRNE
DESK EDITOR 
The ASSU Undergraduate Senatedipped into a $350,000 buffer fund inorder to fund two upcoming concertevents on campus: BlackFest and aspring concert sponsored by the Stan-ford Concert Executive Committee(SCEC).The buffer fund results from theASSU’s decision to cover a 10 percentrefund rate by charging each student 10percent more on the cost of studentfees than will be distributed to qualify-ing student groups. This inflated costprevents shortfalls when some studentsrequest refunds of their student fees.Students are able to request refunds upuntil the second week of the quarter.Many senators expressed surpriseabout the existence of the fund, whichthey previously did not know existed.Senators did not offer an explanationas to why they were not aware of thefund before.The ASSU maintains a commitmentto cover a 10 percent refund rate bycharging each student 10 percent morethan will be distributed to qualifyingstudent groups. Any unspent moneyfrom the ASSU general fees budgetalso goes to the buffer fund at the endof the year.The Senate approved the concertfunding measure in a special meetingduring finals week before winter break,hurrying the process so that the groupscould work on signing artists and con-tinuing preparations.A $40,000 loan was approved to theStanford National Association for theAdvancements of Colored People(NAACP), under the condition that 50percent of the profits made from theevent would go toward paying back theASSU Senate first. Senator Ben Laufer’12 pointed out the NAACP currentlyhas reserve funding upwards of $15,000. Senate Appropriations ChairBrianna Pang ’13 said she finds thegroup’s reserves justified and should
WENDING LU/The Stanford Daily
Historian Richard White discusses his book “Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America” onWednesday night in Cubberly Auditorium. The book explores the truths and myths surrounding the railroads in the late 1800s.
Please see
BRIEFS
, page 2
NEWS BRIEF
Please see
FLU
, page 2Please see
CONCERTS
, page 7
By JUDITH PELPOLA 
A recent report by Sean F. Reardon andKendra Bischoff of Stanford University’s Cen-ter for Education Policy Analysis has found asignificant increase in residential income segre-gation in the United States over the last fourdecades.High levels of income inequality may, but donot necessarily, correlate positively with highlevels of income segregation, according to thestudy authors.“There can be lots of income inequality butno income segregation,” said Reardon, an asso-ciate professor of education.In 1970, roughly 66 percent of families livedin mixed-income neighborhoods. This has de-creased to about 44 percent. This shift corre-lates with an increase in families living in neigh-borhoods characterized as either affluent orpoor.Bischoff cited areas in Silicon Valley, such asPalo Alto, as places with high home values,which contribute to income segregation.Income segregation increased most rapidlyin the last decade. According to Bischoff, therewas an increase in segregation over larger areasof land as a result of the recent increase in sub-urbanization.“I was surprised at the sheer increase that
Please see
INCOME
, page 7
 
2
N
Thursday, January 12, 2012
 The Stanford Daily
F
EATURES
 ACADEMICS
Earth Sciences opensgeobiology program
By BRAD HUANG
The School of Earth Scienceswill begin interviewing candidatesthis quarter to become faculty fora new program in Geobiology atStanford, according to Geologicaland Environmental Sciences pro-fessor Jonathan Payne.Earth Sciences will make a se-ries of hires over the next few yearswith the help of a newly formedsearch committee, comprised of faculty from three departments:Geological and EnvironmentalSciences, Environmental EarthSystems Science and Biology.“We expect to make three newhires over the next three years(i.e., one per year),” wrote Payne,who is an associate professor inthe new program, in an email toThe Daily.According to the 2011-12budget proposal from the Schoolof Earth Sciences, geobiology is anemerging multidisciplinary fieldthat will be “game changing forthe study of the Earth.”“Geobiology is the study of theco-evolution of Earth and life. Itinvolves a wide range of ap-proaches, from studies of microbe-mineral interactions to the influ-ence of biological activity on thesolid Earth, oceans and atmos-phere,” Payne said.The primary challenge for thecommittee is the scientific breadthof the applicant pool.“Given such diverse areas of expertise among the applicants, itis challenging [and exciting] toread and evaluate the applicationmaterials in order to identify thefinalists,” Payne said.Geobiology will not be a full-fledged department. ProfessorPamela Matson, Dean of theSchool of Earth Sciences, clarifiedin an email: “We are
not 
starting anew department, but instead hir-ing several faculty that will formthe nucleus of a new, interdiscipli-nary research and educational ini-tiative in geobiology.”Because the search committeeis still searching for new faculty, itis hard to tell how many newcourses would appear with thenew program — the courses aredependent on the new faculties’decisions.However, according to Payne,it is likely that new introductoryclasses will be developed primari-ly on the graduate level, with someundergraduate courses as an op-tion.Several other peer institutions— MIT, Caltech and USC — havealready formed geobiology pro-grams.But according to Payne, “Fewof our competitors have major hir-ing initiatives in this area at themoment.”Payne noted that the field of geobiology is just coming to thefore as its own discipline. Paleon-tology was the precursor to geobi-ology, he said.Geobiology differs from pale-ontology through the emergenceof new biological and geologicalresearch tools, including ge-nomics, isotope geochemistry andnanoscale characterization of bio-logical and geological materialsand processes.Through such tools, first avail-able in the late 1990s, geobiolo-gists can now investigate phenom-ena in the biosphere andgeosphere.
Contact Brad at brad0309@stan- ford.edu.
NEWS
in handling flu epidemics.”She acknowledges an inherentcatch-22 of sorts, however, be-cause the research has not beenpublished, making the benefitsand risks are both unclear.H5N1 is an extremely danger-ous virus, much more dangerousthan the average flu virus.“The 1918 flu pandemic had amortality of 2 percent, and killedtens to hundreds of millions,” saidDouglas Owens, director of theCenter for Health Policy in theFreeman Spogli Institute at Stan-ford. “This virus kills 50 percent [of the time]. It’s 25 times more fatalthan the 1918 flu.”Relman echoed these com-ments, saying, “[H5N1] is a particu-larly lethal disease. There aren’tvery many infectious agents in theworld that have higher fatalityrates than this virus does.”Because of H5N1’s dangerouscapabilities, preventing peoplefrom inflicting harm by using thevirus is a major concern.“Bioterrorism now is a very im-portant national security threat, soyou have to think about this dual-use biology quite differently,”Owens said. He said he agrees withthe NSABB’s actions, and that incases like the H5N1 case, scientistsshould act prudently.The research used ferrets as asurrogate for transmitting the dis-ease. Some say that because of thisdisparity, there is not sufficientground to withhold publication of the methodology of the study, as itis not certain that the virus will actin humans as it does with ferrets.But as Relman warns, “You would-n’t want to take your chances thatit’s wrong.”The actions of the NSABBhave also raised concern that thereis no proper mechanism for the sci-entific community and the publicto evaluate biosecurity threats be-fore they become published. Rel-man stated that the NSABB hasrecommended to the United Statesgovernment the formation of localcommittees to help scientists asthey formulate research proposalsto determine the possible dangerof certain experiments.“We need to find a really soundsystem for dealing with all thesekinds of cases, and putting it inplace soon, because we can’t havethese one-time solutions,” Relmansaid.“There is a lot of work that goeson now in biology that could beused for great good or that peoplewith ill intentions could use to doharm,” Owens said. “This is anissue that will have to be consid-ered as people move forward.”As of now, the government hasnot reformed or changed the sys-tem. Tobin said she envisions a con-ference in which scientists, the pub-lic and the press can come togetherto discuss the various merits andrisks of publication.“I think that a community isprobably going to be more produc-tive than this small group makingthe recommendation,” Tobin said.According to Relman, theNSABB is moving toward votingin favor of recommending a volun-tary moratorium on publication of the latest controversial research toallow for a “global discussion.”
Contact Shelley Xu at sxu8@stan- ford.edu.
FLU
Continued from front page
In the updateemail, SLAC ob- jected to a BusinessAffairs audit of Row finances and said that StudentOperating Services (SOS), previ-ously the only provider of Rowhouse kitchen labor, may havebeen forced to make cuts afterbeing forced to compete with out-side bidders.Citing differing calculationsfrom bothsides of the debate, SLACsaid that ResEd administrators haveagreed to share a budget to clarifythe debate, which is part of a largercontroversy over increasing central-ization of Row house finances.
 — Margaret Rawson
Law Schoollaunches new China project
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF
Stanford Law School haslaunched the China Guiding CasesProject (CGCP), a project thatseeks to inform scholars in andoutside of China about legal casesdecided by China’s Supreme Peo-ple’s Court.In Nov. 2010 China’s SupremePeople’s Court decided to insti-tute“guiding cases”that lowercourts would be compelled to fol-low, amajor change tothe Chi-nese legal system. In addition,higher Chinese courts impliedharsh consequences if lowercourts refusedto follow the deci-sions in these cases.The CGCPhopes to indexthese decisionsin an online,searchable formatand translatethemto English. The site will allowlegalexperts to post commentaryabout the cases, discussing any im-plications or nuances, andwill alsoallow fordialogue between com-menters and experts. All cases andcommentarywill be posted in bothChinese and English.The program is led by MeiGechlik, a visiting fellow at theHoover Institution and a re-searcher at StanfordLaw School.Gechlik has experience working inAsia and the UnitedStates. Shehas testified before Congress andadvised the U.N. about China-re-lated issues.
 — Brendan O’Byrne
BRIEFS
Continued from front page
By JUSTINE ZHANG
A
boatful of paddles dipped intothe water simultaneously, push-ing the water back and the boatforward. With every determinedstroke, the boat accelerated, glid-ing onwards despite its heaviness. The powerof the paddlers was surprising for anotherreason: this was a practice held the chillySunday morning before finals week. But theStanford Dragonboat Team, undaunted,took up the challenge.“There’s a dragon head on the boat,” onepaddler said, when asked about his rationalefor joining the team.The décor is striking: a standard boatconsists of 10 or 20 paddlers, a steerspersonand a drummer. On race days, with its paint-ed scales, dragon head and dragon tail, theboat appears to be a mythical beast.The artistry of dragonboating suggests itscultural roots. The story goes that a Chinesepoet, Qu Yuan, drowned himself to protestan impending invasion by another state. Tokeep fish and evil spirits away from his body,the common folk beat drums and splashedthe water with paddles. Dragonboating, so itis said, then arose as an activity to commem-orate him.Dragonboating has since transformedinto an international sport. While it is stillrelatively obscure in the United States, it isslowly becoming more popular at the na-tional and collegiate levels. The CaliforniaDragon Boat Association (CDBA) holdsraces for colleges like Stanford and Cal.Coaches Tek Li ’12 and Mike Liu ’00 saidthat they are promoting dragonboating atStanford more as a sport than as a religiousevent. Liu rowed in the CDBA before join-ing the Stanford team. Li started drag-onboating in high school. Structuring prac-tices around their experience in drag-onboating and Li’s experience on a collegewrestling team, the coaches try to maintain ahigh degree of involvement. This year, theytripled the practices held per week, one on-water and two off-water sessions. Along withimproving the team’s form, these extra prac-tices “have been really successful in keepingpeople involved with the team,” Li said.While picking up the basic paddle strokein dragonboating isn’t difficult, gettingpower out of the stroketakes a lot longer to mas-ter. The force of thestroke should ideallycome as a result of rotat-ing one’s core, while min-imizing extraneous mo-tions. This principle washeavily drilled in theSunday morning practicesession, where paddlerswere constantly focusingon “developing their ro-tation,” Li said. Li occa-sionally instructed histeam to perform “powerstrokes” — fast-paced,extremely forcefulstrokes that rapidly pro-pel the boat through thewater. Even seasonedrowers like Liu were outof breath after such exer-cises.Another challengefor dragonboaters ismastering the timing of the stroke. Both coachesare pushing for a fasterstroke rate, but achievingthat requires that teammembers paddle in uni-son. Synchrony is key todragonboating, but is oneof the more difficult skillsfor a team to achieve.While the Stanford rowers mostly paddledin unison, moments of discord between theoars caused the boats to flounder.“Strokes should be timed to not go anyfaster than anyone can keep up with,” Lisaid. While managing the pace poses achallenge, many team members agreed thatthe idea of doing something in sync with 19other people is also a big draw of the sport.But for most team members, the most ex-citing part of dragonboating is the races.“It’s a chance to really hang out with theteam,” one paddler said.A standard race is 500 meters, and theteam is trying to pare down their currenttime of three to four minutes to two minutes.During practice, Li frequently called for“mock races.” This drill was probably themost tiring exercise for the team, but despitethis, the challenge was appealing: one pad-dler said he enjoyed races because “every-one paddles as hard as they can.”In the coming quarters, the dragonboatteam hopes to expand their presence oncampus and recruit more members. Li saidthe team’s distribution of flyers and emails,along with word-of-mouth, are instrumentalfactors in “putting a face to the name ‘drag-onboat’” and drawing more people to thesport. Li hopes to ultimately quadruple thecurrent number of paddlers. As a result, noexperience or athletic background is a pre-requisite for participation.“I want to expose a sport; so if someone isinterested, I’ll do my best to let them in,” Lisaid.The one requirement, Liu added, is “awillingness to do something new.”“It matches up very well with a typicalStanford student, who’s adept at more thanone dimension,” he said.
Contact Justine Zhang at justinez@ stanford.edu.
Courtesy of Lucy YipCourtesy of Lucy Yip
Stanford dragonboat rowers at the 2011 California Dragon Boat Association College Cup at Lake Merced.
PROFILE
I’m on adragonboat
 
 The Stanford Daily
Thursday, January 12, 2012
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