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Table Of Contents

1. Defining and measuring eco-innovation
1.1 Defining eco-innovation
1.2 Types of eco-innovations
1.2.1 Towards a ‘life-cycle’ perspective
Exhibit 1: The product chain
1.2.2 Product and process innovations
1.2.3 Organisational innovations
1.2.4 Marketing innovations
1.3 Levels of eco-innovation
1.4 Measuring eco-innovation
1.4.1 Key challenges of measuring eco-innovation Constructing aggregate measurement levels Linking eco-innovation to the material flow indicators
Exhibit 4. Material flow indicators (OECD 2008c)
Table 1. Knowledge needs and possible data sources for analysing eco-innovation
1.4.2 Priority actions for evidence based eco-innovation policies
2. Evidence on eco-innovation in the EU
2.1 The micro-level: eco-innovation in companies
2.1.1 Evidence from the Community Innovation Survey
Exhibit 7 : Highly important effect of innovation on EMAT, CIS4 - main sector
2.1.2 Modes of innovation
2.1.3 Case studies of eco-innovators
Exhibit 9: Ecover: driving change in the consumer detergent market
Exhibit 10 Tesco: influencing or adapting to consumer demand ?
Exhibit 11 : Skysails: a wind of change in shipping
2.2 The meso-level: product systems and technological regimes
Exhibit 12 Eco-innovations according to the position in the product chain
2.3.2 Patents
2.3.3 Publications
2.3.4 Innovation and environmental and resource performance
Exhibit 16 EU25 performance on resource productivity
3. Determinants of eco-innovation
3.1 Introduction - mapping eco-innovation determinants
3.2 Costs and demand
Table 3. Innovation barriers perceived as high by eco-innovators (ZEW 2008)
Exhibit 19 Reasons for introducing eco-innovation (ZEW et al 2001)
3.3 Regulation and standardisation
3.4 Taxation
Table 6: Types of fiscal incentives
3.5 Competition
Table 7: Competitors as information source (1998-2000)
3.6 Socio-cultural factors
3.6.1 Cultural capital and consumer behaviour
3.6.2 Human capital
3.6.3 Social capital
Exhibit 26 Main drivers of innovation collaboration
3.6.4 Organisational capital
4. Eco-innovation: towards a fourth generation innovation policy
4.1 Changing the nature of innovation policy
4.1.1 Innovation policy today
Exhibit 27: Positioning innovation policy
4.1.2 Revisiting innovation policy
Exhibit 28: A taxonomy of innovation policy – the MONIT approach
Exhibit 29. From environmental protection to eco-innovation
4.1.3 Innovation policy for sustainability
4.2 Steps towards a more sustainable mode of innovation policy
4.2.1 Setting conceptual borders
4.2.2 Identifying key policy challenges
4.2.3 Setting long term policy objectives and targets
4.2.4 Getting the right policy mix for eco-innovation
Exhibit 30. Examples of typical eco-innovation measures
4.2.5 Policy coherence: making a policy out of the policy mix
Exhibit 31. Three types of policy coherence (OECD 2003)
Exhibit 32. Eco-innovation measures in a multi-level governance approach
4.2.6 Policy learning – on-going evaluation and policy feedback
4.3 Selected examples of policy measures supporting eco-innovation
4.3.1 The Dutch Energy Transition programme
4.3.2 The Austrian Programme on Technologies for Sustainable Development
4.3.3 The British National Industrial Symbiosis Programme (NISP)
4.3.4 EKU: The Swedish Tool for Ecologically Sustainable Procurement
4.3.5 The Japanese Top Runner standard
Exhibit 34. Example of the energy saving label (METI 2008)
5. Conclusions and recommendations
Exhibit 35. Main eco-innovation drivers and strategic policy response
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Eco Innovation

Eco Innovation

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Published by Mehak Bhargava

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Published by: Mehak Bhargava on Jan 12, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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