Pre-Press Applications ? Any application requiring high bandwidth.
RAID 1 (Mirroring)
RAID 1: Mirroring and Duplexing. For Highest performance, the controller must be able toperform two concurrent separate Reads per mirrored pair or two duplicate Writes permirrored pair.RAID Level 1 requires a minimum of 2 drives to implement.RAID Level 1, also called mirroring, has been used longer than any other form of RAID. Itremains popular because of its simplicity and high level of reliability and availability.Mirrored arrays consist of two or more disks. Each disk in a mirrored array holds anidentical image of user data. A RAID Level 1 array may use parallel access for high transferrate when reading. More commonly, RAID Level 1 array members operate independentlyand improve performance for read-intensive applications, but at relatively high inherentcost. This is a good entry-level redundant system, since only two drives are required.Advantages: One Write or two Reads possible per mirrored pair. Twice the Read transactionrate of single disks. Same write transaction rate as single disks. 100% redundancy of datameans no rebuild is necessary in case of a disk failure, just a copy to the replacement disk.Transfer rate per block is equal to that of a single disk. Under certain circumstances, RAID 1can sustain multiple simultaneous drive failures. Simplest RAID storage subsystem design.Disadvantages: Highest disk overhead of all RAID types (100%) - inefficient. Typically theRAID function is done by system software, loading the CPU/Server and possibly degradingthroughput at high activity levels. Hardware implementation is strongly recommended. Maynot support hot swap of failed disk when implemented in "software". RecommendedApplications? Accounting ? Payroll ? Financial ? Any application requiring very highavailability.
RAID 0+1: High Data Transfer PerformanceRAID Level 0+1 requires a minimum of 4 drives to implement.RAID Level 0+1 is a striping and mirroring combination without parity. RAID 0+1 has fastdata access (like RAID 0), and single-drive fault tolerance (like RAID 1). RAID 0+1 stillrequires twice the number of disks (like RAID 1).Advantages: RAID 0+1 is implemented as a mirrored array whose segments are RAID 0arrays. RAID 0+1 has the same fault tolerance as RAID level 5. RAID 0+1 has the sameoverhead for fault-tolerance as mirroring alone. High I/O rates are achieved thanks tomultiple stripe segments. Excellent solution for sites that need high performance but arenot concerned with achieving maximum reliability.Disadvantages: RAID 0+1 is NOT to be confused with RAID 10. A single drive failure willcause the whole array to become, in essence, a RAID Level 0 array. Very expensive / Highoverhead. All drives must move in parallel to proper track lowering sustained performance.Very limited scalability at a very high inherent cost. Recommended Applications? Imagingapplications ? General fileserver.
RAID 2 (ECC)
RAID 2: Hamming Code ECC Each bit of data word is written to a data disk drive (4 in thisexample: 0 to 3). Each data word has its Hamming Code ECC word recorded on the ECC