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Air Force News ~ Jan-Jun 1921

Air Force News ~ Jan-Jun 1921

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Published by CAP History Library
USAF
USAF

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CAP History Library on Jan 12, 2012
Copyright:Public Domain

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03/25/2014

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--- -"..,- ~'-;:-l""'""'-",:-
. ~ ! j1 ~ " ~ : : : :
.~~~~~::~~'~:
 \ '!ntorrnation
Group , .- ...--
'B~i1d~if~
,J
Air
Service
Jan'..mry 4.
~3?,1.
Washingtoll,D;;9!l~
~~ . - '.'0~
The purpose of this letter as
to
keep
the p81"son'lT'el of the Air servi~e ,);~both in' W<;.shington and in tho
f'
i
el d, infcnnea e.s to tho ac
t
i.v
i
t.Los of the AJ.ri;,,'Service in
general,
s.r,c
for release to
the
j.ubl
i
c press.
./
~
"1.:
I S H E D
Est~blished between'~
2£>t~
and May 15th.
, . . . . . .
"
-
~
'-.;
"
"
"
"
'._-'ft-
Cu1iforEic:c )
)))
)
}
t
*
PatrolNo.
1
-
Il~ror~~
J,:urch
Field
to RocKWell
Fielci
and return.
*
"
If
2
Fr-om
L!aro::h
Fiela
tosante;,Barbara
and
r etur-n,
"
"
3
-
Fr:J[rl
Fr-e sno
toBe..:(ersf:J,eld andreturn.
~~~
. . .
"
"
4
Fromlresno toCoopers
to'!'!',
andre4:.urr..
ft
"
5
-
FromMather
Field
J ::,o 
Cooper2to',:n
c .n (.:.
r
eturf;.
"
"
6
-
FromMatherFieldto
Red
Bluff 
anc:r-e
t
ur n ,
"
"
7From
Red
B~uff to'
Al
tura
s
and
return.
-.
' ~u
:.~
.
8
-
From
Hed
Bluff to
MO:
1ta
2
u
e
and
return.
ff
"
9
-
Frer:Red Bluff toCovelo
C:~0 
return.
FOR RBLF,ASE JANUARY 5, 19~.
The Aerial Farect
~"irE; pe.-trGl :for the
Sc~o.SOI1
vf 
1920 started when
p
er sonne ...
,,:;,'J:
of the Ninth
Avr.)
Squadron
WL.s moved
from I,;ati"",r
fiLld
to
fr8sn0
ar.d
R.ed
"Bluff 
on MfJ,y-1Q..
1920. The pa
tr oLl Lng
W:lS
to cor.f'orm
to
the r
cute s outlined on the
compe.nyarig
nmr,
(~xhibit ".1"),
a.1cJ
wa
s
to
cover
t;18
state of California
in
acccz--
dance
wi
th pe '::'ro:l,
routes
a
s
.i
nd
i.c
a
ted b e.Low;
. .
Rw~rOR';"
c:
A.ERL.L ~;ORE;ET ,?Ifu:: .PATRCL
v
'F O R
SEAsor; Of 1no
AS SUBMITTED BY
I,IR 
OFFICE?,
HEAD(;UARTERS
I!INTH CORP'S A.qEA
8ft1: 
FRM:CISCO,
ChL.
*
Note:
The
personnel for patrols
Nos. 1 <..nci.2 was
f
urn.i sh edby
~f.arch
i.i'31d.Earll'
i,-, t:18
season it becbilleapparsnt
th,.tt:.rJ(:
only
,-.:;'1'
~~,e,~vi;;i"
troopsL.vailr..;,ble
fa;'
tnis ':','ort
WQul'J
oe those from
tn.,
two scuadr-c ns
:':11
dutv in the.Ninth Corps Arsf.<,
'mmt3::'y,
tho
Ni.n
th and l~inety-f:i:rst •. Ac';urdi{:gly. plans werefirst ms.de to patr-oI only the
fo
r-es
t
s in the StGte of Ci:ilifcrn::..a.
a.S
this statehad the longest dry season and cousequ entLy , th,,' t?;reatest
~ontiLv.lGus
fire haaar
d;
However, about the middle o
M a y ,
cond
i
t
i.ons
Ln
arebon
became
5 1 ..< ;;1 1
ti'lat,
after
a . .
conference among the Uovernor o
ch
e state of Oregon, thE: District; PorestiSW o
f .
the Sixth Forestry District, the state Foresti'j"(' of the statE!- of Cre/",on and
the>
Air Officer of the Ninth Corps
sr e«,
plans
\Ter,'
compLe
t
ed whereby pu.trc>J,s wouldstart in
oregon
about Ju
Ly
First. Fligfl'i:'
"A"
o
'l.-:l':)
Ninety-first Sq;,;,adrQn,wf.i.S",therefore, t.akon from .border patrol and' sent
-;:,0
Gre,s0n
f
or
f
ores
t
patrOl
du
ty,
beginning operations on .july Lc
t,
accord
i.ng
to achedu Le,Radd,o stc_tions were established at the following places on the dates in-dicated; the r-adi,o »er scnne I for' th e
ground
stations, together with the signalcorps r ece
i.v
Lng sets, (No. BC-14-A) being sent
out. from
thc Pr-es
i
di,o o
S W 1 .
i:'rancisco by automobile truck tc erich sts...tion,
w~
th the excep n~f the stat'in O'regon, to whi.ch p
Lt.c
es rail transportation was
f
ur-nashed ; { '\.
N Ai\f:E 
Ot' STATTON
t
o
Mather Field,
rJ
Fresno -
- - -
J
Red Bluf
r1 .
Alturas
>--.:
. iF
P4arch
FieldSanta Barb&r~. '
Rockwell
Fie~a 
.
,
 \ 
 \.
,
 \ 
 
The
routes
as
outlined contemplated
the
pilot's
flying
from
the bhse of' th
sub-base in about two hours, Which; together
wi
th the
return,
trip,
'Nould makeabout four houts in the air.
By
having three pilots for each patrol,
it
was
thought that each pilot
would
in this way have two days of
for
each day oflying. This was Considered the maximum
amount
o
flying
which
shoulu
be re-quired of the pilots, due to the fact that the country over
which
£1igh\;:o;
',len 
~ade was exceedingly rough, emergency lbnding fields were
few
~nd far
between,
and
in almost eyery instance where an emergency, or
forced
Land
i.ng
was~m4de, c
complete
wreck r
esul,ted.
Later
in the
sec-son,
due to
the
shortage
of, _per-sonnE
it
was found necessary to combine patrols Nos. 4 and 5 (from 1<-resno
to
Cooper~
town
and return, and from
M&'ther
Field
to
Coopersto ......
n
and return). vfuen "!J1esEtwo patrols
were
combLnad,
the
pilot flew from Fresno to Mather Field inane
f.
returning to Fresno on
the
f'oLlowi.ng day.The
method
of patrolling con
t
empLat ed the pilot's adiJering to the routes
laid
out on
the
map. In
case
a fire was
d
i
scovered , the
pil,pt 
was
p
ermI
t
t.ed 'leave his patrol rou.te for
a
distance not
to
exceed fifteen
(15) miles, -
In
OJ
to determine the exact
location'
of the
fire
and
the other
de
tu
Lls whi.ch
.lt
wa:
necessary for
the
Forest officials
to have in ord er
to
fi,s.'1t
t;i-: 
fire. succ easfully.The
airplane patrol usually
left the
ba
se
about
9:00
A.r5.
t
arriving
at
tr
sub-base
about
11:00
A.M. !tthen remc.Ined
over
until about
l:C,C: P.?,l.-. ar'h.vj
at
its
home
station
again
about
3:00 P.M
so
that
abcu
t
feur
:lOlJrs
o
twen'ty-
four the
airplane
was in the ,-'.ir, cover
i.n;
sone part of the ootio~ fOl"'~sts.greatest fire hazard is believed to be
cur-int?;
the middle olthe
day,
wnen
the
is hottest, and
when
most of the uarnpness nas left the wood. j<'or
this
reason
attempt
W8.$
.madeto
hi:.c've
the
ps,
trol s cover the
forests
dur ing th i.s portion o
day.
It is not
believed,
however, that
this
is th e rnos
t
efficient use of ai~~..
plines for forest
fire patrol work. It
i')
believed t:1at during the next
S '3 ,,;.:c~ r.
a
plan
o
patrol
will b
e
d
eve
Ioped
wh
i
ch
'Nill
combane the method of patrollin~used with a scheme
Whereby
the patrol s will be used on special r ecc nned ssanc emissions for observing and directing
the
fighting of large fires. Such
[-I.
usethe airplane was tested
in a
limited
manner
during
the
past Season and provedentirely successful.
The
maps used
were
not
entir'ely
satisfactory for e
ith
er the pilots
cr
theobservers. There
was
no
standard map
available
,for
all
harts
of the s
t.at-e
o'California, and Oregon had
an
ent.irely different set of mapa,
In
order to r-emthis
difficul
ty,
a
conference
was
held
w.i
th the Forest of
~cial,s
to determinebest possible kind
of
map available for
forest.
'fire
patrol,-fori{.
The Forestofficials will endeavor to prepare a satisfactory map for th,~ coming season.Landing .fields were developed as
rapidly
as was possiblt. in all c,"ses. Iwas
endeavored
+ '0
have
emergency
Landi.ng fields within
f
Joying
d
i
s
t
anc e of the
various
patrol
s,
<--9d
in
0
rder
to Lnsur e
their
be.ing kep
t
Gnd'l:i\':rked,
s
t
eps wer
taken
to interest t~e
various
towns along
the
patrols
to
pr epar e such
Ilanding
fields •.
The
number
of. landing
fields
pr-ocur-ed in this
l1.1armer,h~(ever,
was
v~
limi
ted. It is planned for the
coining
year'
to have the
Forest
Ser'O"ice
rne
rk 
ea
of the
landing
f
Lel d
s
selected as possible emeraenc: fields. The method of do
this will
have
to
be
III
Forest
of fidal frOJ:!l
each
di~trict
go
over
the
country
, t
the
irrmediate vicinity of the patrols with
art Air Service
officer,
first
by ai:
t
plane and
later
by
automobiles,
00
that all landing fields will
be marked
bef'c:the
patrols
actually star
t,
i'  
V-2939.
A.
Established approximately June25th.
APPROXU1A'I'E DATE ESTABLtI~.
Established between June lOth .
and June 15th. ;
-2-
~
.,'.
,,'
, ROUTES
~ot Springs,
california)Senora . ")
)))
Eugene, oregonMedford, ~
II
Portland, "
NAlIJ OF STATlqN.
(Cont'd)
 
AIRP~lfEft
to
',-
t.
~-.
-
r :
~
-
!h.e
airplanes used this
yeat'
were
all
nIH-Br
s,
and, al tho
u
gh
they werecriticised
in
a mild manner,' there
'is no other
type of c<i:-plane Known to
the
undersigned which would
be
better
ad
ap
t
ed for forest
f
i
r-e petrol
du
ty,
Themajority
o
f
the pilots feel that if they
h c . : . . r . 1 .
C :t
t,vo-eng.ine
p.l
arie which could beflown on' one engine and .which had a cruisinG
radius o
f
about five hours, they
would
feel safer while on patrol. Especial attention
i
s il,vi tee! to
the
fact,however, that there was only one case of a
farced
landinG
dUY'in~ the
past seasonwith a DH4'-B,which resulted fatally - this'in spite of the fact
that
there were
476,085
miles
I
Lown,
co
vor i.ng
a
period o
3,994
hours, The
c
ru.is
i.ng
radius othe
DH4-B
was
emp
l e, except where, very strong
he;:.d
w
i
nda Were encountered,
In
some instances this
nec
ess
i
tated the pilot's
r
e-na
m
tng in the air over four hours.The greatest defec
t
fo und
in' the
a
i
rpIans
was
in the tires, I t has been demon-strated by the
pa
tro Ls this year that the
r
ubber in these tires has deterioratedto
.suoh
an extent that ::"twas practically impossible to tell just
wh
en a tirewould blowout, thereby causing a wheel to collapse and the airplane
to
60
on
its
nose and sometimes on its
back,
There werE many such minor accidents during thepast season., It
a
s hoped that bet.ter tires
<and
better
wh
ee.le
"ull be
secured be-fore
the
next season starts.During the first part of tne season
it
was found necessary
at
various timesto discontinue one
or
more patrols, due
to' the
shortage of supplies for the u.p-keep and repair of the airplanes. This may have been due to
luck.
of foresighton the part of the supply officers
of 
the various bases, However, sl:.eps will betaken for the
com
i
ng year to see that similar trouble
is
not
e-ico
unt er ed,
fuilllO
EQUIPWr;NT. , Radio equapmen
t
u
s, without doubt,
tile 
rno
s
t
.impor tan
t
part o
f
the airplanepatrol .. for without the radio the a
i.rp
Lane is pr-act.ace.l
L y-u
se.leoa, No matter howmany fires the airpli.i.n9' discovers,
it
would be of no ass
i
stanc e .to the ForestService if reports of such fires were not received on
tile
gr6und nearly as soonas the I
i
res
Were
discovered. This makes the use of radio equipment imperative,and
it
W85
found
by
actual experience that the radio equ
i.pm
cn
t
this year was theweakest link in the entire ch~in of, aerial forest fire patrol equipmont.Thecype of radio equipment used on
the
a.Irp Lene was the 3C!{~73. The per-f'orrnance of this set at the various bose s and sub-bases
is
shown
by
charts ac-'comptmying the r epor
t.. '
Attention
'S
il1vi~ed to the Improvement of condr
t
i.on
s subaequen
t
to AugustLs
t
over thOSE:pr
i.o
r to this date, This is exp.la.ir.ed by the
f'ac
t,
that prior to'August 1st, enl
t
sted per sonneI were in charge
01'
the radio equipment at the variOl8bases and sub-bases, and l?ltno
ugh
it is true thc..t tile receiving sets had a veryLim.i
t
ed range, yet the enLi ete d wen did not know whether this condition was thefault o
the
.rece
i
vang str.tlon
it.solf,
or of the 'set on cne b.irplane. After therc:.dio officers were assigned to 'duty
witil
the various patrol units, however, con-di tions improved so materially that the a.i.r-pLanss were
wi.
thin hearing distance othe ground stations pr-acva.ca.Ll
y
all
th
e time vmi.le on patr-ol , It is hoped tha
t
during the .next season
t:'le 
ground receivinG sta
t.Lon
will be mantled exclusively byAir Service personnel.It is believed 'that the radi.o sYf,;temfor the coming year shouLd LneIude onetractor, or equally powerful set, Gst!;.blished a
t,
?resno and Red
B'Luf 
f",
in Cali-fornia, and at Medford and Eugene
in oreiSon.
These tractor sets, in conjunctionwith the permanerrt sonding sets at Rockwell, March and Mether Fields, would pro-vide a constant source
0 ['
communication from Portland on the North, to RockwellField on the South, It.is recommended that this
.na
t
ter be studied carefully
by
the Radio sectiOn in Washir,gton, and that result of such study be forwarded tothis office,so that requisitions for the necessary pa
tr-o
l season actually starts.
It
is eLso recommended
thi~t
the Forest Service secure and inste.ll rl::ceiving sets,so that there will be at Leas
t
one a.vailable for each National Forest, therebyprov:idint; anoth'r."' link in the chain of rapid cornmunLca
t
i.on
between the airplane ...and the man who i.s actually directil1~ tne fire fighting, There are sufficientforesters in th e Forest Service who understand radio. to m
ak 
e this
scheme
no
t
onlypossible, but practicable.
-3..
V-2939
1
A. S. ;

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