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Atomic Structure IIT

Atomic Structure IIT

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Published by AdiChemAdi
Atomic structure objective multiple choice questions for IIT-JEE, AIEEE, EAMCET, KCET, JAM, GATE, UPSC, CSIR-NET, AIIMS, COMBINED BIOTECHNOLOGY EXAM,CPMT, KERALA CET, PMT, CBSE, ICSE, M.Sc CHEMISTRY-KAKATIYA UNIVERSITY, OSMANIA UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD CENTRAL UNIVERSITY, ANDHRA UNIVERSITY, IISc, NCL pune,JIPMER, BITSAT, IGCSE, VITEEE, AP CHEMISTRY etc.,
Atomic structure objective multiple choice questions for IIT-JEE, AIEEE, EAMCET, KCET, JAM, GATE, UPSC, CSIR-NET, AIIMS, COMBINED BIOTECHNOLOGY EXAM,CPMT, KERALA CET, PMT, CBSE, ICSE, M.Sc CHEMISTRY-KAKATIYA UNIVERSITY, OSMANIA UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD CENTRAL UNIVERSITY, ANDHRA UNIVERSITY, IISc, NCL pune,JIPMER, BITSAT, IGCSE, VITEEE, AP CHEMISTRY etc.,

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Published by: AdiChemAdi on Nov 07, 2008
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08/15/2013

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    V .    A    D    I    T    Y   A     V   A    R    D    H   A    N  a   d    i   c    h   e   m  a   d    i    @    g    m  a    i    l .   c   o   m
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhanadichemadi@gmail.com
ATOMIC STRUCTUREIIT-JEEFundamental Particles
1)The mass of an electron is1) 0.000549 amu2) 1.00727amu3) 1.00867 amu4) None
Note : Mass of an electron= 9.1x10
-31
Kg= 5.49 x 10
-4
amu
2)The charge on an electron is1) 9.1 x 10
-31
coulombs2) 1.602 x 10
-19
coulombs3) 4.8 x 10
-10
coulombs4) None3)The mass of a proton is equal to1) 1.6726 x 10
-24
grams2) 1.00727 amu3)1.6726 x 10
-27
Kg4) All4)The mass of a neutron is1) 1.6749 x 10
-27
Kg2) 1.00867 amu3) Both 1 & 24) None5)The charge on a neutron is1) + 1.6 x 10
-19
coulombs2) -1.6 x 10
-19
coulombs3) 4.8 x 10
-10
e.s.u4) None6)1 amu is equal to1) 1.6726 x 10
-27
Kg2) 1.6605 x 10
-27
Kg3) 1.6749 x 10
-27
Kg4) None7)The symbol used to represent a
β
- particle is1)
+1
e
0
2)
-1
e
0
3)
+1
p
1
4)
2
He
4
Note :
β
- particle is nothing but an electron
8)The ratio of mass of proton to that of an electron is1)
11836
2) 18363) 18394) 19)The ratio of mass of neutron to that of an electron is1) 18392)
11836
3) 24) 183610)The ratio of specific charge of electron to that of a proton is1) 18362)
11836
3) 18394) None
Note : Specific charge =
Chargee=massm
11)The equation relating the characteristic frequency (
 
) of X-rays emitted by anti-cathode and atomicnumber (Z) of the metal used as anti-cathode, given by Moseley is1)
a( z b )
2)
a( z b)
3)
 z
2
4)
a ( zb )
12)Charge on electron was experimentally determined by1) Millikan2) Goldstein3) Chadwick4) J.J.Thomson13)Choose the incorrect statement1) Nucleus occupies very small fraction of atom and most of the atom is empty, hence most of thealpha particles passed through the gold foil undeflected during
 
- particle scattering experiment.2) Entire mass of the atom is concentrated in the nucleus and the mass of electrons is negligible.3) Nucleus carries positive charge due to presence of protons in it.4) Most of the atom is not empty and hence the
 
-particles are deflected back.14)The e/m value of cathode rays in a discharge tube is
Note: Key to the questions and updates, if any, can be downloaded fromhttp://groups.google.com/group/adichemadi
 
    V .    A    D    I    T    Y   A     V   A    R    D    H   A    N  a   d    i   c    h   e   m  a   d    i    @    g    m  a    i    l .   c   o   m
1) always same irrespective of the gas taken2) different for different gases3) same only when noble gases are taken4) None15)Neutron was discovered by1) Thomson2) Chadwick3) Goldstein4) Rutherford16)The highest value of e/m is observed for anode rays when the discharge tube is filled with1) N
2
2) H
2
3) O
2
4) He17)Which of the following pair have identical values of e/m1) A proton and a neutron2) A proton and a deuterium nucleus3) A deuterium nucleus and an
 
-particle4) An electron and
 
-rays18)Choose the correct increasing order of e/m values for e,p,n and
 
- particle1) p < n <
 
< e2) e < p <
 
< n3) n < p < e <
 
4) n <
 
< p < e19)The e/m value of electron is1) 9.1 x 10
-31
Kg2) 1.602 x 10
-19
C3) 1.759 x 10
11
C.Kg
-1
4) Zero20)The relation between
6
C
13
and
6
C
14
is1) isobars2) isotopes3) isotones4) None21)The isobar of 
6
C
14
is1)
8
O
16
2)
6
C
13
3)
7
N
14
4)
2
Be
4
22)Isotones contain same number of 1) electrons2) protons3) positrons4) Neutrons23)The triad of nuclei that is isotonic is1)
6
C
14
,
7
N
15
,
9
F
17
2)
6
C
12
,
7
N
14
,
9
F
19
3)
6
C
14
,
7
N
14
,
9
F
17
4)
6
C
14
,
7
N
14
,
9
F
19
24)The radius of atomic nucleus is of the order of 1) 10
-10
cm2) 10
-13
cm3) 10
-15
cm4) 10
-8
cm25)The natural abundance of 
17
Cl
35
and
17
Cl
37
is approximately 75% and 25% respectively. The molaratomic mass of chlorine will be1) 36 g2) 35.5g3) 36.5g4) 37g26)Which of the following reaction led to the discovery of neutrons.1)
1611416170
C p N n
2)
941214260
 Be He C n
3)
1121115160
 B D C n
4)
841114260
 Be He C n
Quantum Theory
1)Quantum theory had suggested1) Emission of energy is continuouss2) Energy is emitted discontinuously in the form of quanta3) Energy of the radiation is quantized.4) Both 2 & 32)The wavelength of a radiation emitted by a sodium lamp is 600 nm. The frequency is1) 5 Hz2) 5 x 10
14
Hz3) 500 Hz4) 5 x 10
15
Hz3)If the light radiation from neon atom has a wavelength of 300 nm, then the energy of thephoton being emitted is1) 6.626 x 10
-19
J2) 1.1 x 10
-10
J3) 2 x 10
-19
J4) 3.3 x 10
-12
J4)Violet light is able to eject electrons from the surface of potassium metal, whereas red light cannot.Itis because,1) the intensity of violet light is greater than that of red light.2) the frequency of red light is lower than that of violet light and its energy is not sufficient to knock outthe electrons.3) the wavelength of violet light is greater than that of red light4) None5)Electrons with a kinetic energy of 6.023 x 10
4
J/mol are evolved from the surface of a
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhanadichemadi@gmail.com
 
    V .    A    D    I    T    Y   A     V   A    R    D    H   A    N  a   d    i   c    h   e   m  a   d    i    @    g    m  a    i    l .   c   o   m
metal, when it is exposed to a radiation of wavelength of 300nm. The minimum amount of energy required to remove one electron from the metal atom is1) 5.626 x 10
-19
J2) 3 x 10
-19
J3) 6.02 x 10
-19
4) 6.62 x 10
-34
J
Formula :E = W + KEE = Energy of radiationW = Work functionKE = Kinetic energy.
6)Electrons with kinetic energy of 3.313 x 10
-24
J are evolved when a light radiation of 5 x10
9
s
-1
of frequency falls on a metal surface. The threshold frequency of the metal is1) 5 Hz2) 4.5 x 10
9
Hz3) 500 Hz4) 3 x 10
24
Hz
Formula :K.E = h (
 
-
 
0
)
7)When the frequency of light incident on a metalic plate is doubled, the kinetic energy of emitted photoelectrons will be1) Doubled2) Halved3) More than doubled4) Unchanged.
Hint :h
 
= W + KE
1
2h
 
= W + KE
2
 
2W + 2KE
1
= W + KE
2
KE
2
= 2KE
1
+ W
8)Photo electrons are ejected from metals A & B when a light beam of wavelength
1
 
is used to irradiatethem. But electrons are ejected only from metal ‘B’, when another radiation of wavelength
2
 
is used.Then the false statement among the following is1) Electrons need more energy to escape from metal ‘A2)
21
 
3) Threshold frequency of ‘A’ is higher than that of metal ‘B’4) When irradiated by light beam of wavelength
1
 
, the electrons ejected out from metal ‘Ahavemore kinetic energy.9)Photo-electrons are evolved when a metal is exposed to violet light. But no electrons are evolvedwhen yellow light is used. If the metal is exposed to red light, the photo-electrons are1) evolved when the intensity (of red light) is increased2) not evolved3) evolved even at low intensities4) evolved only when a thin sheet of metal is used10)The value of Plancks constant is1) 6.625 x 10
-34
cal.sec2) 1.584 x 10
-34
cal.sec3) 6.625 x 10
-27
J.sec4) 6.625 x 10
-34
erg.sec
Note: 1 calorie = 4.184 Joule
11)The number of photoelectrons emitted during photoelectric effect is proportional to1) Intensity of incident beam2) Work function3) Frequency of incident beam4) Velocity of incident beam
Bohr’s Atomic Model
1)The angular momentum of an electron revolving in L - shell of hydrogen atom is1)
2
h
 
2)
h
 
3)
2
h
 
4)
32
h
 
2)The angular momentum of electron in Bohr’s first orbit of hydrogen atom is ‘xwhat will be its angularmomentum in the Bohr’s first orbit of He
+
?1) 2x2) 4x3) x4) x
2
3)The force of attraction between nucleus and an electron is given by1)
e
2)
2
e
3)
2
 Ze
4)
22
 Ze
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhanadichemadi@gmail.com

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well graded questions.
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very useful bt there should be some key yar............................
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