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parcijalne_difrencijalne_jednacine

# parcijalne_difrencijalne_jednacine

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Published by Milos Macedoljan

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Published by: Milos Macedoljan on Jan 12, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/16/2013

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www.matematiranje.com
PARCIJALNE DIFERENCIJALNE JEDNA
Č
INEHomogena linearna parcijalna diferencijalna jedna
č
ina
Oblika je:X
1
(x
1
,x
2
,…x
n
)
1
X u
+ X
2
(x
1
,x
2
,…x
n
)
2
X u
+……+ X
n
(x
1
,x
2
,…x
n
)
n
X u
=0Iz date jedna
č
ine formiramo sistem jedna
č
ina u simetri
č
nom obliku:),...,,(
2111
n
x x x X  dX
=),...,,(
2122
n
x x x X  dX
=.......=),...,,(
21
nnn
x x x X  dX
Rešimo ovaj sistem, i dobijemo integrale(rešenja)),...,,(
211
n
x x x
ψ
),...,,(
212
n
x x x
ψ
U =
φ
( )
n
ψ ψ ψ
,...,,
21
je opšte rešenje),...,,(
21
nn
x x x
ψ

Košijev zadatak
:Dat je neki po
č
etni uslov, njega zamenimo u
1
ψ
,
2
ψ
,...,
n
ψ
, i rešavamo po x
1
,...,x
n-1
, to zamenimo u traženoKošijevo rešenje.Zna
č
i moramo da eliminišemo nepoznate (naj
č
ć
e x,y i z) i sve predstavimo preko :
1
ψ
,
2
ψ
, ...Na
đ
emo vezu izme
đ
u njih i vratimo prava rešenja.
Nehomogena linearna parcijalna diferencijalna jedna
č
inaOblika je:
X
1
(x
1
,x
2
,…x
n
,u)
1
X u
+ X
2
(x
1
,x
2
,…x
n
,u)
2
X u
+……+ X
n
(x
1
,x
2
,…x
n
,u)
n
X u
=R(x
1
,…,x
n
,u)
Formiramo sistem
:),,...,,(
2111
u x x x X  dX
n
=),,...,,(
2122
u x x x X  dX
n
=.......=),,...,,(
21
u x x x X  dX
nnn
=),,..(
1
u x x R du
n

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