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2012 Men Rule Report Web

2012 Men Rule Report Web

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Published by heidialexisnel
Study after study finds that, when women run for office, they perform just as well as their male coun- terparts. No differences emerge in women and men’s fundraising receipts, vote totals, or electoral success. Yet women remain severely under-represented in U.S. political institutions. We argue that the fundamental reason for women’s under-representation is that they do not run for office. There is a substantial gender gap in political ambition; men tend to have it, and women don’t.
Study after study finds that, when women run for office, they perform just as well as their male coun- terparts. No differences emerge in women and men’s fundraising receipts, vote totals, or electoral success. Yet women remain severely under-represented in U.S. political institutions. We argue that the fundamental reason for women’s under-representation is that they do not run for office. There is a substantial gender gap in political ambition; men tend to have it, and women don’t.

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Published by: heidialexisnel on Jan 13, 2012
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05/25/2012

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Men Rule
The Continued Under-Representationo Women in U.S. Politics
Jennier L. Lawless
American University
Richard L. Fox
Loyola Marymount University
 W 
OMEN
& P
OLITICS
I
NSTITUTE
S
CHOOL
 
of  
P
UBLIC
FFAIRS
 
Men Rule
The Continued Under-Representationo Women in U.S. Politics
 Jennier L. LawlessAssociate Proessor o GovernmentAmerican UniversityRichard L. FoxAssociate Proessor o Political ScienceLoyola Marymount University
 January 2012Washington, DC: Women & Politics Institute
 
Table o Contents
 
M
en
R
ule
 
 
The Continued Under-Representation o Women in U.S. Politics
|
i
Executive Summary ......................................................................................
ii
Introduction .................................................................................................
1
Studying Political Ambition ...........................................................................
3
The Persistent Gender Gap in Political Ambition ..............................................
3
Seven Factors that Hinder Prospects or Gender Parityin Elective Oce ..........................................................................................
6
Women are substantially more likely than men to perceive the electoralenvironment as highly competitive and biased against emale candidates ...........
7
Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin’s candidacies aggravated women’sperceptions o gender bias in the electoral arena .............................................
7
Women are much less likely than men to think they are qualiedto run or oce ............................................................................................
8
Female potential candidates are less competitive, less condent, andmore risk averse than their male counterparts ................................................
10
Women react more negatively than men to many aspects o moderncampaigns .................................................................................................
11
Women are less likely than men to receive the suggestion to run oroce – rom anyone ...................................................................................
11
Women are still responsible or the majority o childcare andhousehold tasks..........................................................................................
13
Where Do We Go From Here? Summary, Discussion, and Concluding Remarks ....
15
Appendix A: Research on the Dierence Women Make in Politics ....................
18
Appendix B: Sample Design and Data Collection ............................................
22
Notes ........................................................................................................
24
About the Authors .......................................................................................
27
Acknowledgements .....................................................................................
27

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