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ASD

ASD

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Published by: rjuwita_5 on Jan 13, 2012
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03/07/2013

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1
 AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDER
 
2
Pengertian
Istilah Autisme identik dengan Gangguan Pervasive(Pervasive Developmental Disorder / PDD)
Dalam DSM-IV (APA, 1994) dan ICD-10 (WHO, 199
2
) danPPDGJ-III (Dep. Kes. RI 1993 & 1995) yang termasukdalam kelompok Gangguan Perkembangan Pervasive iniadalah :
 Autistic Disorder
Retts Disorder (Sindrom Ret)
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
 Aspergers Disorder
Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not OtherwiseSpecified (PDDNOS)
 
3
 Autistic Disorder
Gangguan yang sangat kompleks
Terjadi pada masa kanak-kanak
sebelum usia 3 tahun
Ditandai adanya
3 gejala utama
yaitu kualitas yangkurang pada :
Interaksi sosial dan emosional
Komunikasi timbal balik
 Adanya gerakan-gerakan berulang tanpa tujuan (stereotype)
Banyak terjadi pada anak laki-laki
K
arner (1943)
orang pertama yang menegakkandiagnosis Autistic Disorder dalam penelitiannya pada 11anak autistik

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