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Pharmacology

Pharmacology

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Published by Tariq Aziz

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Published by: Tariq Aziz on Jan 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/06/2014

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pharmacology
 Extra infoPreferred treatment
Name of thedisease
TypePenicillin V is preferred to penicillin GIn case beta lactamase infectionamoxicillin is combined withClavulanic acid.in Penicillin allergic and erythromycinintolerant patients, use
Clindamycin
 
penicillin
or a
cephalosporin
.
Erythromycin
may beused in a penicillin-allergic patients.
 
pharyngotonsillitis
 
First week
 
add 500 mg of 
metronidazole
 administered twice daily in case thereis no respond to penicillin
 
Penicillin
And recently 500 mgof 
clindamycin
 administered twicedaily
 
Peritonsillarabscess
 
Decongestants, such aspseudoephedrine, which reduce theswellingAnalgesics, such as
acetaminophen
oribuprofen, to relieve pain.
 
Mucolytics such as
guaifenesin
, whichthin the mucus.
 
Corticosteroids, such as
beclomethasone
or
prednisone
 
include a combinationof:Antibioticssuch as
amoxicillin
,which kill bacteria.
 
sinusitis
 
Second week
 
Flouroquinolones
and
Chloramphenical
can also be used.Topical Erythromycin is also effective.
 
gentamicin
 
Bacterialconjunctivitis
These include topicalantihistamines(Antazoline,Emedastineand Azelastine) ,mast cell stabilizers(Lodoxamide,oloptadine andKetotifen)Ketorolac and Ibuprofen, andcorticosteroids(Loteprednol)Antihistaminesmast cell stabilizersNSAIDs
 
Allergicconjunctivitis
Bacitracin, Gentamicin , Erythromycinand neomycin are good examplesBacitracin - inhibits cell wall synthesis
 
Include antibiotic,antifungal andantiviral
 
Skin Disorders
 
Third week
 
lidovudine and TMP-SMX are bothknown to suppress bone marrow andcause anemia.Nevirapine is an inducer of CYP3A4,whereas lopinavir and ritonavir areintlibitorstwo NRTls plus eithera potent PI or NNRn.
 
AIDS
 
Fourth week

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