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LEARNING THE CANCER LANGUAGE

LEARNING THE CANCER LANGUAGE

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Published by earnest44
Medical,Fitness and Nutrition Experts Never Before Methods That Will Eliminate Breast From Your Body Forever!
www.BreastCancerAwareness500.com
Medical,Fitness and Nutrition Experts Never Before Methods That Will Eliminate Breast From Your Body Forever!
www.BreastCancerAwareness500.com

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Published by: earnest44 on Jan 13, 2012
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01/04/2014

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 ==== ====Eliminate Breast Cancer and Not Your Breast See This Nowwww.BreastCancerAwareness500.com ==== ====Article 3: LET'S LEARN THE CANCER LANGUAGE FIRST There are over 100 different types of cancer. Each type of cancer can have different symptoms,diagnostic tests and treatment options. As a result, there are many terminologies and phrases thatare used to describe the type, symptoms and diagnosis of cancer, and treatment methods. It isoften very confusing as well as frustrating for the readers if too many medical jargons orterminologies are used in describing this condition. It is difficult for readers to understand thecontext of the topic or take any action, if required, after reading any article or book on cancers. Asa result, the information is often misinterpreted or not fully understood or comprehended. In this 3rd article of my cancer series, I would like to explain in very simple terms all phrases andterminologies used in describing a cancer. This will help readers in understanding the cancerterms, types of cancer, common diagnosis and treatment terminologies, and the health personnelinvolved in management of cancer. These are described in alphabetical order here. Ablation: removal or destruction of body part or tissue. Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) therapyinvolves destroying cancer tissue with heat. RFA is commonly used in the treatment of lung, liverand kidney tumors. Adenocarcinoma: cancer that begins from lining of internal organs or from skin Adenoma: a non-cancer tumor that starts from glands Adenopathy: swollen glands Adjunct or adjunctive therapy: another treatment used together with primary treatment. Forexample, radiotherapy is sometimes given after surgery to treat cancer as adjunctive treatment. Anal: of anus, anal cancer Anorexia: an abnormal loss of appetite for food. Asbestos: a group of minerals that are found in the form of tiny fibres. It is used as insulationagainst heat and fire in buildings. Asbestos dust when breathed into the lungs can lead to cancerof lungs and mesothelioma. Asthenia: feeling or weakness or lack of energy. This is common in late stage cancer. Astrocyte: this is a type of cell in the brain or spinal cord. Astrocytoma is a tumor that begins in
 
astrocytes. Asymptomatic: having no signs or symptoms of disease. Most cancers are asymptomatic in theearly stages. Axillary lymph node dissection: removal of lymph nodes in the axilla. This may be done in thetreatment of breast cancer. B-cell lymphoma: A type of cancer that forms in B cells. Barrett esophagus: this is a condition where the cells lining the lower part of the esophagus havechanged or been replaced by abnormal cells that could lead to cancer of the esophagus. Theregurgitation of the contents of stomach into the esophagus over time can lead to Barrettesophagus. Basal cells: they are small round cells found in the lower part of epidermis. The cancer that beginsin the basal cells is called basal cell cancer or basal cell carcinoma. Benign: not cancerous, also called non-malignant. Malignant tumor is a cancerous growth.Forexample, fibroadenoma is a benign tumor of breast whereas as adenocarcinoma is a malignanttumor of the breast. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: this is a non-cancerous condition of prostate where there isovergrowth of prostate tissue. Biological therapy: this is a type of treatment that uses substances made from living organisms orits products to boost or restore the ability of the immune system to fight cancer. Examples ofbiological agents include vaccines, interleukins and monoclonal antibodies. Biopsy: the removal of cells or tissues from the cancer or suspected cancer area for examinationby a pathologist. This is the most sure way of diagnosing cancer. Bone marrow ablation: This is a procedure that is used to destroy bone marrow using radiation orhigh doses of anticancer drugs. It is done before a bone marrow or blood stem cell transplant tokill cancer cells and bone marrow cells. This is a part of intensive treatment of some leukemias. Bone marrow aspiration: this is a procedure in which a small sample of bone marrow is removedwith a wide needle and syringe and sent to laboratory to check for cancer cells. If a small sampleof bone with bone marrow inside it is removed, it is called bone marrow biopsy. Bone marrow transplantation: A procedure that is used to replace bone marrow that has beendestroyed by treatment with high doses of anticancer drugs or radiation. Bone metastasis: cancer that has spread to bone from the original (primary) site. Brachytherapy: it is also called internal radiotherapy. In this type of radiation therapy, radioactivematerials sealed in needles, seeds, catheters or wires are placed directly into or near a tumor. 
 
BRCA1 and BRCA2: these are genes on chromosomes 17 and 13 respectively. A person who isborn with changes (mutations) in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes has higher risk of getting breast,ovaries and prostate cancer. Breast reconstruction: a surgery that is done to rebuild the shape of the breast after removingbreast. Breast self-examination: a woman examines her breasts to check for lumps or other changes. Bronchogenic carcinoma: cancer that begins in the tissue that lines or covers the airways of thelungs. Cancer antigen 125 or CA-125: a substance that may be found in high amounts in the blood ofpatients with certain types of cancer, including ovarian cancer. Cachexia: loss of muscle mass and body weight. Cachexia is seen in patients in late stage cancer. Cancer: this is a condition where there is uncontrolled division of abnormal cells. Carcinogen: any substance that causes cancer, for example, tobacco smoke contains more than50 carcinogens. Benzene is a carcinogen for leukemias. Carcinogenesis: it is a process whereby normal cells start changing into cancer cells. Carcinoma: it is a cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line the internal organs of thebody. For example squamous cell carcinoma of skin or adenocarcinoma of gallbladder. Carcinoma in situ: these are abnormal cells (not cancer) but can become cancer cells and spread.They are also said to be in stage 0 of cancer for example, cervical carcinoma in situ. Carcinoma of unknown primary (cup): in this type of cancer, cancer cells are found in some partsof the body, but the place where the cancer cells first started to grow cannot be determined. Cervical: of cervix, cervical cancer Colostomy: colostomy is an operation that connects the colon to the outside of the body throughthe abdominal wall. Cryosurgery: this is a procedure in which tissue is frozen to destroy abnormal cells. Liquid nitrogenor liquid carbon dioxide is used to freeze the tissues. It is also called cryotherapy or cryosurgicalablation. Cyst: a sac in the body; cysts in the ovary are very common. Cytotoxic drugs: drugs that kill cells. Dilatation and curettage (D&C): this is a procedure where some tissues are removed from thelining of uterus or cervix. The cervix is first made larger (dilated) with a instrument called dilator

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