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Li Guolin

Li Guolin

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Published by: ロドリゲス出版 on Jan 14, 2012
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05/20/2012

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都市にる刑務所:李国林受刑者広島刑務所佐藤清文
Prisons in Cities : Inmate Li Guolin and Hiroshima Penitentiary by Seibun Satow 2012
1
11
日殺人未遂罪ど罪服役中李国林受刑者が広島刑務所ら脱走る
An inmate, Li Guolin who was convicted for attempted murder and other crimes, escaped from the Hiroshima prison on Jan. 11th, 2012. 
懲役
23
年脱走犯事件に伴よ都市部に刑務所が置れる疑問が人
With the news about the jailbreak of a 23-year-sentenced inmate a controversy over the location of a jail has surged. Why is it located in a middleof a city? 
た迷惑施設日常生活ら隔離き
People wonder why facilities like prisons with potentials of causing problems toa society can't be built secluded from other law abiding citizens' life. 
刑務所法務省による矯正施設一種る刑務作業を受注るたに都市部に
However, a prison is considered as a correction facility and has to be built ina city where the prison industry for a city is more accessible for it to be readily utilized. 
刑務所内作業職業訓練自営作業生産作業三に分れる
The tasks in prisons are divided into 3 such as job training, house working andproducing. 
職業訓練に溶接電気工事自動車整備ど
60
種ほど自営作業掃除洗濯掃除ど施設
Job training includes welding, electric construction, maintaining cars and 60 other varieties. 
受刑者
80
%が従事るが生産作業る
House working includes cleaning and washing, namely tasks related to keep the facility. 80% of prisoners selects producing task. 
山奥離れ小島に施設を設置刑務作業取引がままら輸送に時間が
 
If the prison is located in mountain or isolated island, it will be difficult tocontrol the tasks. Shipping costs much time and money. 
刑務所内作業私語厳禁る
During the tasks in prison, prisoners are not allowed to talk. 
土日祝祭日年末年始を除き
1
8
時間(例外的に
12
時間週
40
時間労働労働基準法が適用れ
Without Saturdays, Sundays, holidays, New year's eve and day, they had to work 8hours in a day under the Labor Standards Act. 
安定た労働力提供ロ労務管理必要が等刑務作業様利点が評価れ
"Supplying stable working force, costing less and labor-control free etc., thereare many points good for companies in prison workforce. Therefore around 2,150companies currently apply it as of April, 2010." (Ministry of Justice, A guide of Prison-workforce) 
生産作業を提供る中小企業が多取引先企業倒産下請発注減少人件
 
Producing is applied by minor business. Bankruptcy, declining of orders or ordering abroad, which costs less make prison-workforce disengaged. 
内容たブ将棋盤前掛ど工業工芸品製造が主
The work is mainly to produce industrial and craft products such as chests, tables, shogi (Japanese chess) boards, BBQ sets and aprons. 
作業に報奨金制度が設られる
A bonus plan is provided for such production work. 
作業報奨金作
 
業成績を基準に見習工ら
1
等工
10
段階に格付れる
This production work bonus is ranked into 10 stages, from trainee workers to first-rank workers, based on task performance as a norm. 
支給金月額
平均
現在
4000
円弱出所時総額
平均
5
万円超が
30
%前
 
後
1
万円以下が
2The average amount provided monthly is currently a little less than 4,000 yen, and about 30% of the inmates receive the average total amount of 50,000 yen upontheir release from the prison, and those who receive less than 10,000 yen accounts for a little more than 20%.
 
 
ろが長引不況産業空洞化によ生産作業が激減る
However, due to the prolonged recession period and the de‐industrialization, thisproduction work has been reduced greatly. 
物品販売受刑者労賃得た刑務所歳入
1987
年
157
億円をピに下が続
2000
年に
The revenue prisons earned from selling goods and generating from inmates' production work has continually been reduced since the peak year of 1987 where the revenue was 15.7 billion Japanese yen, and in year 2000, it dropped below the level of 10 billion Japanese yen. 
厳罰化
 
流れに伴一時
受刑者
が増加る
Additionally, with the movement of severe punishment, the number of inmates increased at one point. 
作業が減るに受刑者増
る受刑者一人
た年
250
万円
費がる
The production work has decreased, but the number of inmates has increased. A cost of at least 2.5 million Japanese yen is required for one inmate per year. Social conditions are reflected even on the prisons. 
刑務所
社会情勢 
 
反映
る
れ不
気にれ
犯罪者が増
るた
直観 
的

This is more than a intuitive story that the worse the situation gets, the morecriminals we get. Even Japan's industrial structures and population compositionaffect the situation within the prisons. 
16
犯罪
白書
意義
に
よに
述
る
In Crime Report 2004, the signification to this point is indicated as follows. 
受 
 
刑者中に
労習
た者自
 
協調性
者
,忍耐
力に
者どが
There are some who have no labor practice, some who are self-oriented and lack spirits of cooperation, and some who do not have much patience among inmates. Through prison work, these inmates are expected to gain the results of : 1
規則
正
労習
規律
る生活
態 
度を
に付
る
(1) learning regular labor practice and disciplined daily manners,2
 
健康
を維
る

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