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O Realismo em Machado de Assis

O Realismo em Machado de Assis

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Published by Milka Fonseca
Ensaio apresentado na disciplina Literatura Brasileira, ministrado pelo Msc Mestre :Sebastião Rios
Ensaio apresentado na disciplina Literatura Brasileira, ministrado pelo Msc Mestre :Sebastião Rios

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Published by: Milka Fonseca on Jan 14, 2012
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05/28/2014

 
N Roal`sin oi Iacmadn do Ass`s
“%%% Tu toes vrossa do oewolmocor, o n l`wrn aeda dowajar;tu aias a earraêãn d`rota o eutr`da% N ost`ln rojular o gluoeto, o osto l`wrn o n iou ost`ln sãn cnin àbr`ns, ju`eaiæ d`ro`ta o æ osquorda, aedai o varai, rosiuejai, urrai, jarjalmai, aioaêai n càu, oscnrrojai o caoi%%%’%
Ioiór`as Vóstuias do Brás Cubas – I% do Ass`s%
Osto trabalmn toi vnr nbhot`wn buscar a rolaêãn da ostrutura do cnivns`êãn da nbraiacmad`aea cni as caractorést`cas roal`stas o eatural`stas, s`tuaedn as vorsvoct`wasearrat`was groeto an Roal`sin, há quo vors`sto an lnejn dn toivn a avaroeto class`g`caêãn dnautnr cnin oscr`tnr roal`sta% En oetaetn, ui nlmar ia`s atoetn da nbra do Iacmadn doAss`s, vorvassa vola gnria vocul`ar da earraêãn quo d`goro dns vr`ev`nsroal`sta.eatural`sta% Vara iolmnr dosoewnlw`ioetn da toiát`ca vrnvnsta, gax)so eocossár`nuia w`sãn da cnecovêãn dossos inw`ioetns l`torár`ns%N Roal`sin gn` ui inw`ioetn artést`cn quo so iae`gostnu ea sojueda iotado dnsàculn ]@]% Caractor`xa)so vola `etoeêãn do uia abnrdajoi nbhot`wa da roal`dado o voln`etorosso vnr toias snc`a`s% N oejahaioetn `donlój`cn gox cni quo iu`tas woxos a gnria oas s`tuaêÿos doscr`tas gnssoi o}ajoradas vara rognrêar a doeøec`a snc`al% Sua rad`cal`xaêãnruin æ nbhot`w`dado soi cnetoødn `donlój`cn lowa an eatural`sin% Iu`tas woxos, roal`sin oeatural`sin so cneguedoi% N Eatural`sin baso`a)so ea g`lnsng`a do quo só as lo`s daeaturoxa sãn wál`das vara o}vl`car n iuedn o do quo n mnioi ostá suho`tn a ui `eow`táwolcned`c`neaioetn b`nlój`cn o snc`al% As nbras rotratai a roal`dado do gnria a`eda ia`snbhot`wa o g`ol dn quo en roal`sin% Vnr `ssn, n eatural`sin à cnes`doradn uia rad`cal`xaêãndosso inw`ioetn%Ns eatural`stas `egluoec`adns voln vns`t`w`sin do Cnito o vola Tonr`a do Ownluêãndas Osvàc`os avrosoetai a roal`dado cni r`jnr quaso c`oetég`cn% A doscr`êãn vrodni`easnbro a earraêãn, do tal indn quo so cnes`dora quo ns autnros, oi wox do earrar acnetoc`ioetns, ns doscrowoi oi dotalmos% N o}vnoeto à Ài`lo Xnla, autnr do
 Eaea
o
Jori`eal 
, taibài sãn eatural`stas ns `riãns Jnecnurt, do Jori`e`o Lacortou}% Oi 1==6quo n oscr`tnr Ài`lo Xnla -1=46)1062 roue`u ns vr`ecév`ns da toedèec`a oi sou l`wrn dooesa`ns
N Rniaeco O}vor`ioetal 
% En Bras`l ns autnros roal`stas sãn8 Alués`n do Axowodn,Raul Vnivà`a, @ejlès do Snuxa, Høl`n R`bo`rn% Autnros quo vroncuvadns cni a ostàt`caroal`sta, cnivusorai nbras cni r`jnr dn c`oet`g`c`sin eatural`sta%Eossa vorsvoct`wa roal`sta toins n o}oivln do
N cnrt`ên
do A% do Axowodn, quoearra a guedaêãn, n crosc`ioetn o ascoesãn do ui cnrt`ên, a olo so nvnedn ui snbradn,séibnln do uia vns`êãn snc`al a sor alcaeêada% Eosso casn, dn`s t`vns quo so nvÿoi8 HnãnRniãn o n cniorc`aeto I`raeda% Vorsneajoes `eoscruvulnsns o o}vlnradnros do vossnass`ivlór`as, quo ns sorw`ai volas cnewoe`èec`as snc`a`s% _i dns asvoctns da vosqu`sa snc`aldn rniaec`sta cnes`st`u oi traêar n rnto`rn ascoes`neal do aibns% An iosin toivn, nrniaec`sta o}`bo en vndor da nbsorwaêãn, roj`strn das oinêÿos o roaêÿos da cnlot`w`dado bost`al`xada quo cnivuema n cnrt`ên, rossaltaedn cortns t`vns, cnin R`ta ba`aea oHorôe`in% Rniaeco snc`nlój`cn quo rotrata boi n w`jnr roal`sta da àvnca% A l`ejuajoi dn
 
rniaeco à cnlnqu`al% Doscrowo wéc`ns o iaxolas muiaens, gax usn do o}vrossÿos wuljaros%Toias dn cnt`d`aen urbaen cnin cr`ios, i`sàr`a o `etr`jas, sãn usua`s% Ns vorsneajoes sãnt`v`g`cadns8 n adøltorn, n lnucn, n vnbro, a vrnst`tuta% En oetaetn, vorsneajoes soieoemuia vorsvoct`wa vs`cnlój`ca%Oetrotaetn, cnes`doraedn a aworsãn dn Iacmadn do Ass`s an roal`sin vur`sta, cnind`st`eju`)ln eosso coeár`n> A gainsa crét`ca dn autnr an rniaeco do Oêa,
 Vr`in Basél`n,
do`}a clarn, a roho`êãn quo olo gox an Roal`sin lój`cn, vur`sta o nbscurn% Iacmadn roguta ao}troia `ivnrtâec`a quo ns autnros roal`stas dost`eawai a dotalmos éeg`ins eas nbras oag`ria
“%%% A enwa vnàt`ca à `stn, o só cmojará æ vorgo`êãn en d`a oi quo ens d`ssor neøiorn o}atn do quo so cnivÿo ui loeên do caibra`a nu ui osgrojãn do cnx`ema’%
Nroal`sin quo I% cr`t`ca ostá ea cnecovêãn dns vorsneajoes, quo oi sua ia`nr`a, sãn wax`nsdo s`je`g`caêãn, vorcovêãn o soi wéeculn oinc`neal cni n lo`tnr, cnin en casn do Lu`sa,do Oêa do Quo`rns, iulmor `eorto o gøt`l quo so oetroja an adultàr`n soi eoemui int`wn%Iacmadn eãn cr`t`ca atn dn adultàr`n oi s`, quo à ia`s quo muiaen, ias s`i a galta dodraiat`xaêãn do Oêa vara cni n atn dosvrnvns`tadn do Lu`sa; n draia do cnesc`èec`a, nroinrsn, arrovoed`ioetn quo ola eãn towo, ias avoeas a soesaêãn gés`ca8 n iodn%Oibnra Iacmadn do Ass`s taibài toema s`dn class`g`cadn cnin oscr`tnr roal`sta,gox)so eocossár`n ui ostudn avrnguedadn, vara s`tua)ln cni ia`s vroc`sãn ea l`toratura bras`lo`ra% Ostudns ostos, quo doinestrarai quaetn n autnr ostá alài do uia class`g`caêãns`ivl`sta% Sojuedn Algrodn Bns`
-10=1
 
“N tni dn roal`sin do Iacmadn do Ass`s eãn ocnacni sous cnetoivnrâeons, quo t`emai vnr baso n roal`sin.eatural`sin da àvnca’%
Iacmadn gn` ui autnr atoivnral, cnivôs sous rniaecos do gnrias d`st`etas das vrorrnjat`was roal`stas, oibnra toema go`tn usn do aljuias dolas, `eaujurnu nr`j`ealioetognria vocul`ar do oscrowor sous rniaecos%A earrat`wa do Iacmadn do Ass`s à doworas cnivlo}a o o}`jo dn lo`tnr ui iée`indo sav`èec`a o oetoed`ioetn eãn só an quo so rogoro æ ossèec`a muiaea, quaetn anscnemoc`ioetns oivér`cns, cnin ag`ria S% R`ns “%%%
N earradnr rnivo cni as o}voctat`wasdn lo`tnr an roho`tar a cnecatoeãn j`ca do causa o ogo`tn, snbrovnedn a ola aiult`vl`c`dado das `ec`sÿos wort`ca`s quo `e`boi n glu}n dns ov`sód`ns o o}`joi n cnestaetorotnren an há oeuec`adn – tudn `ssn caractor`xaedn a vrnsa s`ecnvada dn oscr`tnr%%%’
Ass`i, voln gatn dn earradnr ostar soivro dosw`aedn a atoeêãn dn lo`tnr vara c`rcuestâec`asalmo`as æ sua nbra, `esor`edn en cneto}tn earrat`wn; gatns m`stór`cns, c`taêÿos do autnroscláss`cns o aeál`sos g`lnsóg`cas quo quaso soivro à n suvnrto vr`ec`val da m`stór`a oi s`, vrossuvÿo en lo`tnr, a d`svns`êãn vara a roglo}ãn dns soet`dns% Sojuedn S% R`ns -
100=,
n
oerodn latoeto
à ia`s n ia`s s`je`g`cat`wn, há quo rosulta ea gnria do cnestruêãn da nbraoi quo ns owoetns earradns eãn ostãn l`jadns vnr uia rolaêãn do casual`dado Snb ossosasvoctns, vndoins vorcobor quo n âejuln da earrat`wa iacmad`aea, eãn ostá coetradnavoeas oi ui oerodn vatoeto do vr`io`rn vlaen, ias oi tnda uia ostrutura do cnivns`êãnda nbra, quo vara sor oetoed`da, dowo)so buscar a dog`e`êãn da gueêãn dn earradnr%Ns rniaecos da gaso iadura do Iacmadn do Ass`s d`w`d`rai)so oi dn`s jruvns8 asautnb`njrag`as g`cc`nea`s, quo vrodni`ea a s`tuaêãn earrat`wa oi vr`io`ra vossna, eostojruvn `ecluoi)so Ioiór`as Vóstuias do Brás Cubas, Dni Casiurrn o Ioinr`al do A`roso ns rniaecos autnra`s8 Qu`ecas Bnrba o Osaø o Hacó% N rniaeco autnral à aquolo nedo as`tuaêãn earrat`wa ostá oi ow`dèec`a, o n earradnr autnral d`r`jo)so d`rotaioeto an lo`tnr%Sojuedn Sobast`ãn R`ns -100=
“Osto earradnr à uia iáscara quo n autnr cr`nu do s`, quorosvnedo vola `estâec`a earrat`wa dn rniaeco% Osta iáscara, uia wox cr`ada, autneni`xao há eãn so `doet`g`ca cni sou cr`adnr8 oequaetn
vorsneal`dado dn autnr g`cc`neal`xada
 , ola
 
cnest`tu` n coetrn dn vrncossn earrat`wn’%
Dosto indn,
 
Vndoins d`xor quo vara cnecoboui rniaeco autnral n autnr rnivo cni n earradnr quo vnr cnesoqüoeto rnivo cni n vrntajne`sta vara doinestrar a iod`aêãn dn ue`worsn g`cc`neal% Ens rniaecos ioinr`a`s do Iacmadn do Ass`s, as duas gnrias cno}`stoi doiaeo`ra mariôe`ca% Nbsorwains, vnr o}oivln, en rniaeco D% Casiurrn a vrn}`i`dadooetro s`tuaêãn earrat`wa autnral o a s`tuaêãn earrat`wa oi vr`io`ra vossna oi quo n earradnr Boetn do Albuquorquo Saet`ajn, ui soemnr cnemoc`dn cni a alcuema do Dni Casiurrn,doc`do cnivnr sua b`njrag`a% Dni Casiurrn à n earradnr autnral o ne`sc`oeto quo ostád`staeto oi rolaêãn an toivn, dns gatns earradns% Toi a w`sãn vaenrâi`ca do tndn nue`worsn earradn, taetn dns acnetoc`ioetns vassadns, cnin da vorsvoct`wa `etorea quo sooecnetra ens draias éet`ins o vséqu`cns do sous vorsneajoes, eosto casn, n adnloscoetoBoet`emn% A d`stâec`a earrat`wa o a w`sãn vaenrâi`ca vori`toi an earradnr autnral a`etrni`ssãn soivro quo vroc`sn, vara a o}vlaeaêãn dn toia tratadn% Boetn do Albuquorquocabo vorgo`taioeto ea ag`riaêãn do Sobast`ãn R`ns
“N toivn da o}vor`èec`a à nbsorwadn a vart`r dn vnetn do w`sta dn earradnr en vróvr`n atn do earrar8 `stn `ivl`ca quo n earradnr  há ia`s wolmn o iadurn, cni sua w`sãn do iuedn ia`s alarjada, vassa a doinestrar uiatoedèec`a vara a rotrnsvocêãn o roglo}ãn’%
Vorcoboins `stn claraioeto en cavétuln @@ “
 Dnl`wrn’
oi Dni Casiurrn quaedn n earradnr autnral doclara
“N quo aqu` ostá à, ial cnivaraedn, soiolmaeto æ v`etura quo so vÿo ea barba o ens cabolns, o quo avoeascnesorwa n máb`tn o}toren, cnin so d`x eas autóvs`as; n `etoren eãn ajüoeta t`eta% _iacort`dãn quo io dosso w`eto aens do `dado vndor`a oejaear ns ostraemns, cnin tndns nsdncuioetns galsns, ias eãn a i`i’%
  Ens rniaecos do autnb`njrag`as g`cc`nea`s à cniui n dosdnbraioetn dn vrntajne`sta oi dn`s, n earradnr quo rolata ns gatns o n vorsneajoi quo ns w`wo% Ostoiàtndn vori`to a l`bordado do d`roc`near n vrncossn do vorcovêãn dn lo`tnr, a vart`r dn vnetn do w`sta dn earradnr, `egluoec`aedn a `iajoi da roal`dado vorcob`da voln lo`tnr% Ærosvo`tn d`x Sobast`ãn R`ns
“A vorcovêãn dn lo`tnr dovoedo d`rotaioeto dn vnetn do w`staa vart`r dn qual ns owoetns earradns sãn avrosoetadns% So osto vnetn do w`sta ost`wor  s`tuadn en `etor`nr da m`stór`a, en vorsneajoi vr`ec`val nu en coetrn dns acnetoc`ioetns,toins uia vorsvoct`wa `etorea’%
A vorsvoct`wa `etorea oi Dni Casiurrn à n vorsneajoiBoet`emn, oequaetn n iuedn quo n rndo`a à a vorsvoct`wa o}torea% Vola vorsvoct`wa `etorean earradnr ens gax wor n voesaioetn dn vorsneajoi, dog`e`edn n indn roglotnr%A nvns`êãn earradnr. roglotnr à do `ivnrtâec`a guedaioetal vara `etorvrotaêãn danbra, ostabolocoedn a d`goroeêa soeséwol en jrau do walnr o crod`b`l`dado da earrat`wa d`xSobast`ãn R`ns% Nutra caractorést`ca da nbra iacmad`aea à a vnl`gne`a, rosultadn da d`w`sãndn vrntajne`sta oi dn`s% En d`scursn `ed`rotn quo avrosoeta ns acnetoc`ioetns, vorcoboins a wnx dn earradnr o ea traesvns`êãn i`iàt`ca dns acnetoc`ioetns, doetrn douia vorsvoct`wa `etorea, vorcoboins a wnx dn vrntajne`sta% Má, en oetaetn, a altoreâec`adossas wnxos, quo ens lowa a vorcovêãn do très wnxos
8
a wnx do ajnra, a wnx dn vassadn, o a`etorvoeotraêãn dossas wnxos% _i o}oivln dossa `etorvoeotraêãn oecnetra)so en cavétuln]]]@@
“nlmns do rossaca
’ oi Dni Casiurrn
8
“Má do dnbrar n jnxn ans boi)awoeturadns dn càu cnemocor a snia dns tnrioetnsquo há torãn vadoc`dn en `egoren ns sous `e`i`jns; ass`i taibài a quaet`dado do doléc`asquo torãn jnxadn en càu ns sous dosagotns auioetará as dnros ans cnedoeadns dn `egoren% Osto nutrn suvléc`n oscavnu an d`w`en Daeto; ias ou eãn ostnu aqu` vara oioedar vnotas% Ostnu vara cnetar quo, an cabn do ui toivn eãn iarcadn, ajarro`)io dog`e`t`waioeto ans

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