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2010 h2 Prelims Revsion b

# 2010 h2 Prelims Revsion b

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01/03/2013

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1
PJC P2

1
(a) Define velocity and acceleration. [2](b) Fig. 1.1 shows the variation with time t of the velocity v for an object.
Fig 1.1
(i) State the time at which the object is at maximum displacement from thestarting point. [1]6.0 s(ii) Calculate the displacement of the object at t = 12.0 s. [1] – 20 m(iii) Sketch a graph to show the variation with time t of the displacement s forthe object. (You are not expected to label values of the displacement.) [2]

2
2
A solid iron sphere of density 8000 kg m
–3
and volume 4.50 x 10
–4
m
3
iscompletely submerged in a liquid of density 800 kg m
–3
. The iron sphere isresting on a spring, as shown in Fig. 2.1. The spring is compressed by10.2 cm.
Fig. 2.1
(a) Show that the upthrust on the iron sphere is 3.53 N. [1](b) Hence, calculate the spring constant of the spring. [2]312 N m
–1
(c) A string of breaking strength 32.0 N is used to lift the iron sphere verticallyupwards, as shown in Fig. 2.2. The iron sphere is then lifted partially out ofthe liquid as shown in Fig. 2.3.

3(i) Explain why the string breaks. [1](ii) Calculate the volume of the fluid displaced at the instant when the stringbreaks. [2]4.23 x 10
–4
m
3

3
(a) A wine glass can be shattered through resonance by maintaining a certainfrequency of high intensity sound wave. Fig. 3.1 shows the side view of awine glass vibrating in response to such a sound wave.On Fig. 3.2, sketch a possible standing wave pattern on the rim of theglass as seen from the top. [2](b) The speed v of a progressive wave is given by the expressionv = f
λ
.A stationary wave does not have a speed. By reference to the formation ofa stationary wave, explain the significance of the product f
λ
for astationary wave. [3](c) Explain what is meant by diffraction of a wave. [2]