Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Chinese Secret Triad Society of the Tien-Ti-huih

The Chinese Secret Triad Society of the Tien-Ti-huih

Ratings: (0)|Views: 89 |Likes:
Published by Zavier Mainyu

More info:

Published by: Zavier Mainyu on Jan 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/06/2013

pdf

text

original

 
The Chinese Secret Triad Society of the Tien-ti-huihAuthor(s): Major-General Wilson and Lieutenant NewboldSource:
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland,
Vol. 6, No. 1 (1841),pp. 120-158Published by:
Stable URL:
Accessed: 19/12/2010 15:09
Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at
.
http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unlessyou have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and youmay use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at
.
.
Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printedpage of such transmission.JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
Cambridge University Press
and
 Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland 
are collaborating withJSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to
 Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and  Ireland.
http://www.jstor.org
 
120
Art.VI.?TheCh?nese Hvcret Triadt?vcitiyofthe Tun-li-hvih\
ByLieutenantNicwnoi.n,A.D.C.,and Majok-(>i:nkha?,
Wilson,C.B.,MadrasArm//.ReadJanuary\H,1810.Variousassociations havelongexistedinChina,ofwhichsecrecy
wasatanearlyperiodtheprominentfenture,sincethejealousyoftheimperial governmentdeclares theassociation ofevenfivepersons
tobeillegal,andpunishesthecrimeofbelongingtotheseassocia
tionswith death.Amongthese fraternitiesmaybe enumerated?
1st,the GreatAscendingSociety;2nd,theSocietyofGloryand
Splendour;3rd,theUnion oftheThree GreatPowers, viz.,Heaven,
Eurfh,andMan;4th,theWhiteJackets;5th,theRedBeards;6th,theShortSwords;7th,the WhiteWater-Lily;8th,theSea andLandSociety;?Hh,theRighteousRisingSociety,eve.Thethirdof
theseassociations,which,from allthatcanbegathered,assimilate
in theirorigin,is theonethatprevailsiuCanton,andobtainsalmost
exclusivelyinthe Straits ofMalacca,and thevastislandsof the
IndianArchipelago;and whichwillprincipallyformthesubjectof
thisnotice.It iscommonlyknown underthe termsofTicn-ti-hnih,orSan-ho-huih,andis sometimes divided into twobranches?the
CantonandFokien,towhichprovincesmostof theChinese emigrantsbelong.ThosefromCanton,arc,Ibelieve,byfar themost
numerous.OthersocietiesorKongsisexist,withthebenevolent
objectofraisingfundsfortheassistance andsupportofthoseamongtheirnumberindistress;buttheyarealmostallsubject,more or
less,tosomeof theobjectionsthat existagainsttheTien-ti-huih.Thesecretnatureof theTien-ti-huih,orTriadAssociationofHeaven, Earth,amiMan,andthe naturaldreadofitsmembers to1Remarksonthe ModeofwritingChineseNames,<$<?.ntheseMSS.1st. Thecontinentalpronunciationof thevowelsisadopted.2nd.The vowelsaretobeenunciateddistinctlywhen twoormoreconictogether,exceptin suchobviousdiphthongsasau,ai,ou,ci,?to.,andthereforethedireresis(")isdispensedwith.3rd.icisnotadiphthong,the twovowelsbeinginvariablypronouncedseparately.4th.ualwayslikeoo,longorshort,asiutoo,orgood.Thelongsharpsoundofu,asinpure,is indientedbyiu,andnot,asisusuallydone,bycivas. inhew.5th.TheMandarinpronunciationisobservedthroughout.
 
CHINESESECRETTRIADSOCIETY.121
violate theirsolemnoathsofsecrecy,render itamatter ofgreatdifficultytoarriveatthetruth,andtopenetrateintoitsearlyhistoryandorigin;sufficeitheretoobserve,that thesourceof this
branchofsecretsocietiesexistingamongtheChineseistobetracedasfar backasthecloseofthe thirdcenturyoftheChristianera,to
the timeof theusurperTsau-Tsau.Itappearsthat the bondswhich
first linked itsmemberstogether,wereofapoliticalnature;andwealsofind itremarked,thattheinitiatedwererequiredtobeproficient
in allmannerofmartialandmanlyexercises,andthat,asatrialoftheircourage,theywerecompelledtorunthroughachevaux-defriseofglitteringswords.Theyrapidlyincreased innumbers,andbytheir valourandskillrescued tbeEmperorofChinafromthe horrorsofadangerousrebellion.
Thefollowingepisode,fromthepopularChinesehistorycalled
theSan-Kwoh,translatedexpresslyforthispaperbytheRev.J.Tomlin,ofMalacca,notonlybearsuponthisevent,but isalso illustrativeof variousallusionsmadebythebrotherhood in theircode ofrules,which will hesubsequentlyadvertedto."Thereisasaying,that'when thegreatpowerof theempireis
longdivided,it will beunited,and whenlongunited,itwillbedivided.'Attheend oftheChiudynasty,therewasadivision intosevencontendingkingdoms,whichissuedintheTsindynasty.
Afterthedestruction oftheTsindynasty,So and Ifancontendedforsuperiority,andthiscontestterminatedin theestablishment ofthe
Handynasty.Thefirstemperoroftbe Handynastykilledawhite
serpent,androsetoheagreatwarrior.The wholeempirewas
united and flourished inthetimeofKwangWu,and downtoHien-ti,when itwasdividedintothreekingdoms.This rebellion
beganinthetimeofthetwoemperorsFanand Lin.Fanrejectedallgoodmen,andhonouredand confidedineunuchmandarins.Onthe death ofFan,Lin(hisson)succeeded.Thegreatgeneral
PoWuandChinFantheTai-Fusupportedhim.Whenthe
eunuchmandarins,TsauTseetandbisfellows,abused their authority,Po WuandChinFanconsultedtodestroythem.Thisaffair,notbeingconcealed,turnedout totheirowninjury.The eunuchministersfromthis timegrewworse.At KhimNin,secondyear,fourthmonth,fifteenthday,tbeemperorwent toWanTillTien.Beingseatedonthethrone,aviolentwindarose,andsmotethesummitofthepalace.Therewasmerelyablueserpentseen,whichflew downfromtheroof,andcoileditselfuponachair. Theemperor,affrighted,felldownfrom histhront*,andwasinstantly
bornebyhisministers intothe interiorofthepalace.All theman

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->