Javed Kaisar 8507197757
migrating other nation-state with family for socio-political or economic reasons, prompts anumber of questions: how is the family unit defined, how are gender relations organized, how dofamily members communicate and interact across the border. The interesting point is thatcrossborder marriages link kin groups of different national origins to a new social unit and createaffiliations and obligations across different nation states, which we might define as transnationalkin/family relation.
The concept of µfamily¶ is very much situational and depends on co-related componentsof the social structure. However, it is very important to define these three types of the family tocompare with each other, though it is very hard to draw a borderline among them, especially atthe present world. However, family is considered as the smallest form of the social unit.A family can define as a group of people affiliated by consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence interms of kinship relation. It has a long historical background and it defined differently indifferent aspects of anthropology. In evolutionist perspective, nuclear family is the last form of social unit which was defined by Henry Morgan. On the other side, Malinowski¶s definition of family as universal was dominant for long period and lately it was challenged by many theoristsespecially because of µfather-centrism¶ in the family. However, the idea of µWestern¶ family isclosely connected with the concept of µnuclear family¶ which consists with µfather¶, µmother¶ andµchildren¶. Moreover, traditional nuclear family unit may not adequately reflect the reality of themodern Western family structure (Grillo 2008: 17). Furthermore the family and householdstructures in µwestern world¶ are being observed with rapid diversification. The traditional,mainstream idea of the nuclear family are becoming increasingly redundant in an era whencohabitation, separation, divorce and ³reconstituted families´ are becoming increasinglycommon¶ (Bailey and Boyle 2004: 236 et al Grillo ibid).Conventionally, households are defined as µa group of people who share the sameresidence and participate collectively, if not always co-operatively, in the basic tasks of reproduction and consumption¶ (Chant & McIlwaine, 1995: 4). But in transnational households,more precisely, one parent, both parents or adult children may be producing income abroad whileother family members carry out the functions of reproduction, socialization, and consumption inthe country of origin (Parreñas, 2001). Thus, transnationalism forces us to reconsider our