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My seminar report on cloud computing

My seminar report on cloud computing

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Published by Kevin Nettar

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Kevin Nettar on Jan 15, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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According to the IEEE Computer Society Cloud Computing is:"
 A paradigm in which information is permanently stored in servers on the Internet and ached temporarily on clients that include desktops, Entertainment centres, table computers,notebooks, wall computers, handhelds, etc
."Cloud computing is Internet ("cloud") based development and use of computer technology("computing"). It is an emerging computing technology that uses the Internet and centralremote servers to maintain data and applications. Cloud computing allows consumers and business to use applications without installation and access their personal files at anycomputer with Internet access. This technology allows for much more efficient computing bycentralizing storage, memory, processing and bandwidth.A definition for cloud computing can be given as an emerging computer paradigm where dataand services reside in massively scalable data centres in the cloud and can be accessed fromany connected devices over the internet. The best example of cloud computing is GoogleApps where any application can be accessed using a browser and it can be deployed onthousands of computer through the Internet.
Cloud computing is the next naturalstep in the evolution of on-demand information technology services andproducts. To a large extent cloud computing will be based on virtualizedresources.The idea of cloud computing is based on a very fundamental principal of reusability of IT capabilities.
Computing can be described as any activity of usingand/or developing computer hardware and software. It includes everything that sits in the bottom layer, i.e. everything from raw compute power to storage capabilities. Cloudcomputing ties together all these entities and delivers them as a single integrated entity under its own sophisticated management.Cloud is a term used as a metaphor for the wide area networks (like internet) or any suchlarge networked environment. It came partly from the cloud-like symbol used to represent thecomplexities of the networks in the schematic diagrams. It represents all the complexities of the network which may include everything from cables, routers, servers, data centres and allsuch other devices.
With cloud computing we come back to the centralized computinginfrastructure. It is something which can easily be accessed via the internet and somethingover which we have all the control.
Dept. of ECE, College Of Engineering Perumon1
How does a Cloud work??
A cloud user needs a client device such as a laptop or desktop computer or any computingresource with a web browser (or other approved access route) to access a cloud system via theWorld Wide Web. Typically the user will log into the cloud at a service provider or privatecompany, such as their employer. Cloud computing works on a client-server basis using web browser protocols. The cloud provides server-based applications and all data services to theuser, with output displayed on the client device.If the user wishes to create a document using a word processor, for example, the cloud provides a suitable application running on the server which displays work done by the user onthe client web browser display. Memory allocated to the client system's web browser is usedto make the application data appear on the client system display, but all computations andchanges are recorded by the server, and final results including files created or altered are permanently stored on the cloud servers.Cloud services work on multiple platforms, including Linux, Macintosh, and Windowscomputers. Smart phones, pads and tablet devices with Internet and World Wide Web accessalso provide cloud services totelecommutingand mobile users. Aservice provider may pool the processing power of multipleremote computersin a cloud to achieve routine tasks suchas backing up of large amounts of data,word processing, or computationally intensive work. These tasks might normally be difficult, time consuming, or expensive for an individual user or a small company to accomplish, especially with limited computing resources and funds.With cloud computing, clients require only a simple computer, such asnetbooks, designedwith cloud computing in mind, or even a Smartphone, with a connection to the Internet, or acompany network, in order to make requests to and receive data from the cloud, hence theterm "software as a service" (SaaS). Computation and storage is divided among the remotecomputers in order to handle large volumes of both, thus the client need not purchaseexpensive hardware or software to handle the task. The outcome of the processing task isreturned to the client over the network, dependent on the speed of the Internet connection.
Dept. of ECE, College Of Engineering Perumon2
FIG 2.1
Dept. of ECE, College Of Engineering Perumon3

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