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Expert Systems and Robots

Expert Systems and Robots

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Published by Haisum Bhatti
why expert systems and robots are different
why expert systems and robots are different

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Published by: Haisum Bhatti on Jan 15, 2012
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05/13/2014

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Haisum | Section B | Artificial Intelligence Assignment 7
EXAMPLE OF EXPERT SYSTEM
OSCAR, i.e. On Scene Coordinator's Advisor for Responding is an Expert system designed to help takingdecisions during incidents of sea-ship oil spills. Over 450 oil spills in almost 85 countries have beenrecorded in past thirty years [1]. Considerable experience has been gained through these spills andresponses to them. OSCAR is designed to capture these rules and use them to provide usefulinformation to tackle oil spill situations in form of expert system. It is also available as a prototype fortraining and educational purposes and may be retrieved from URL mentioned in [1].
WHY COMMON SENSE IS DIFFICULT TO AUTOMATE
To understand why common sense is difficult to implement, we must first know what common senseactually is? According to Cambridge dictionaries, common sense can be defined as:
The basic level of practical knowledge and judgment that we all need to help us live in a reasonable and safe way 
[2]To live in reasonable way, one needs knowledge of various aspects which include understandingenvironment, natural language, knowledge of society, science, needs, goals and many more. So thoughit looks easier when using generalized term common sense but requires sophisticated knowledge tohave it.Computers are instructed to perform tasks and are taught either by self-learning algorithms aboutspecific domains or by defining rules or knowledge base. To make computers understand enough datato apply on common sense will be a difficult task to accomplish. Moreover it should be taught tocontinuously learn from society and produce perceptions and judgment from this knowledge. Thereforecommon sense is difficult to automate.
MIND MAP
Mind maps were invented by Tony Buzan [3]. Its a technique developed to take non-linear notes ororganizing information by use of words, pictures, shapes and colors. An example of mind map may be:

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