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thesis for Design and Implimentation of Traffic Light Controller

thesis for Design and Implimentation of Traffic Light Controller

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Published by sujan
Design and Implimentation of Traffic Light Controller
Design and Implimentation of Traffic Light Controller

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Published by: sujan on Jan 15, 2012
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01/01/2013

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DESIGN AND IM
 
LIMENTATION OF TRAFFIC LIGHTCONTROLLER 
 
Fundamentals of FPGA
The use of FPGAs (Field Programmable Gate Arrays) and c
 
onfigurable processors is aninteresting new phenomenon in embedded development. The last few years have seen a dramaticincrease in the use of FPGAs as an early prototyping environment for a traditional ASIC(Application Specific Integrated Circuit). The flexibility of an FPGA benefits the designlifecycle, bringing savings in time and effort in the prototyping stage and in the integration of software and hardware in the design phase. In some cases, the development team is choosing toreplace the ASIC altogether in the final design with the FPGA making it into a shipping product.These decisions are causing a shift in the embedded software landscape, which is being driven bythe new choices in processors.The use of FPGAs is growing in embedded designs and the embedded systems software marketmust continue to change to support this shift. With the added flexibility of the FPGA-baseddesign, the embedded software solution, specifically the RTOS (Real Time Operating System),middleware, and drivers should complement the benefits of the FPGA.The RTOS should be well designed and easy-to-use, with the necessary and sufficient offering of middleware stacks and drivers. In addition to this prerequisite, the RTOS should also maintainthe characteristics related to embedded designs, namely small code size, low interrupt latency,and full services needed for your application. The use of an FPGA is a growing trend. Because of the flexibility of the FPGA, it is applicable in a wide range of markets.
 
FPGAs are being forecasted for use in several industries, from consumer electronics tomilitary/aerospace, automotive to industrial control. The trade-offs between using an FPGA andan ASIC can create a difficult decision with development teams. The FPGA provides developerswith much more flexibility in the ability to customize the part specifically for their application.However, the lower costs associated with an ASIC providefor a sound argument when viewed from a business case. In seve
 
ral cases, the issue can beconfounded with the use of embedded cores within an FPGA. Several vendors offer FPGAsto the market, with two of the largest, Xilinx and Altera, offering embedded cores andconfigurable cores. Together, companies offer a wide range of choices to developers for usein their FPGA-based designs

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