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Table Of Contents

BAB I
1.1 Latar Belakang
1.2 Tema Sentral Masalah
1.3 Identifikasi Masalah
1.4 Premis
1.5 Hipotesis
1.6 Tujuan Penelitian
1.7 Manfaat Penelitian
BAB II
2.1 Tebu dan Tetes Tebu
Tabel 2.1 Klasifikasi tebu yang digunakan sebagai penghasil gula [22]
2.1.2 Proses Pembuatan Gula Dari Nira Tebu [9]
Gambar 2.1 Saccharum officinarum
2.1.3 Tetes Tebu
2.2.3 Gula Reduksi
Gambar 2.4 Struktur molekul glukosa[16]
Tabel 2.3 Kelarutan glukosa dalam air [1]
Tabel 2.4 Kelarutan fruktosa dalam air [1]
Gambar 2.5 Struktur molekul fruktosa [16]
2.2.4 Abu
Tabel 2.5 Komposisi abu murni dalam tetes tebu [1]
2.3.1 Koagulasi dan Flokulasi
2.4.1 Kegunaan Zeolit
Gambar 2.7 Struktur kristal zeolit [23]
Tabel 2.6 Komposisi mineral zeolit Bayah [26]
Tabel 2.7 Komposisi kimia zeolit Bayah [26]
2.4.3 Pengolahan Zeolit Bayah
Gambar 2.10 Perbandingan jenis ion terhadap besar pori zeolit [20]
Tabel 2.8 Urutan selektifitas pertukaran kation pada berbagai zeolit [7]
2.5 Adsorpsi
Gambar 2.11 Electric Double Layer [29]
2.5.1 Isoterm Adsorpsi Freundlich
2.6 Adsorpsi Repetitif
2.7 Desorpsi
2.8 Analisis Kuantitatif
2.8.1 Sukrosa
2.8.2 Gula Reduksi
2.8.3 Zat Warna
2.8.4 Abu
2.8.5 Total Dissolved Solid
BAB III
3.1 Bahan
3.2 Alat
3.3 Tahap Persiapan
3.3.1 Aktivasi Zeolit
Gambar 3.1 Proses aktivasi zeolit
3.3.2 Pembuatan Kalium Zeolit
Gambar 3.2 Diagram alir proses pembuatan kalium-zeolit
3.3.3 Penentuan Kapasitas Tukar Kation (KTK) Kalium-Zeolit
Gambar 3.3 Diagram alir proses penentuan KTK kalium-zeolit
3.3.4 Proses Persiapan
Gambar 3.4 Diagram alir proses persiapan tahap 1
Gambar 3.5 Diagram alir proses persiapan tahap 2
Gambar 3.6 Diagram alir proses persiapan tahap 3
3.4 Percobaan Utama
3.4.1 Adsorpsi Repetitif Tahap 1
Gambar 3.7 Diagram alir proses adsorpsi repetitif tahap 1
3.4.2 Adsorpsi Repetitif Tahap 2
Gambar 3.8 Diagram alir proses adsorpsi repetitif tahap 2
3.4.3 Adsorpsi Repetitif Tahap 3
3.5 Proses Extractive
Gambar 3.10 Proses extractive
3.6 Metode Analisis
3.6.1 Kadar padatan / total solid
3.6.2 Kadar sukrosa
3.6.3 Kadar gula reduksi
3.6.4 Kadar zat warna
3.6.5 Kadar abu
3.7 Lokasi dan Jadwal Penelitian
3.7.1 Jadwal Penelitian
BAB IV
4.1 Analisis Molase Awal
Tabel 4.1 Hasil analisis molase awal
4.2 Pembuatan Kalium Zeolit
Tabel 4.2 Kadar kalium dalam zeolit
Gambar 4.1 Rangkaian alat pertukaran ion
4.3 Percobaan Pendahuluan
Tabel 4.3 Hasil analisis percobaan pendahuluan
4.4 Percobaan Utama
4.4.1 Analisis Kadar Gula Reduksi
Gambar 4.2 Kurva kadar gula reduksi
4.4.2 Analisis Kadar Sukrosa
Gambar 4.3 Kurva kadar sukrosa
4.4.3 Perbandingan Adsorpsi Kalium Zeolit dan Bentonite
Gambar 4.4 Kurva perbandingan adsorpsi gula reduksi dan sukrosa
4.4.4 Analisis Kadar Abu dan Total Solids
Gambar 4.5 Hasil analisis abu
Gambar 4.6 Kurva kadar abu
Gambar 4.7 Kurva kadar total solids
4.4.5 Analisis Kadar Zat Warna
Gambar 4.8 Kurva zat warna
BAB V
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN A
A.1 Analisis Sukrosa, Glukosa dan Fruktosa
Gambar A.1 Diagram alir penentuan gula reduksi dengan metode Eynon-Lane
Gambar A.2 Diagram alir penentuan gula total dengan metode Eynon-Lane
A.2 Analisis Abu
Gambar A.3 Diagram alir proses analisis abu
A.3 Analisis Zat Warna
Gambar A.4 Diagram alir proses analisis zat warna
A.4 Analisis Total Solids
Gambar A.5 Diagram alir proses analisis total solids
A.5 Analisis Kadar Kalium
A.5.1 Tahap Persiapan
Gambar A.6 Tahap persiapan analisis
A.5.2 Pembuatan Kurva Standar
Gambar A.7 Proses pembuatan kurva standar
A.5.3 Proses Analisis
Gambar A.8 Proses analisis kadar kalium
LAMPIRAN B
LEMBAR DATA KESELAMATAN BAHAN
LAMPIRAN C
LAMPIRAN D
DATA PERCOBAAN DAN HASIL ANTARA
D.1 Analisis Kadar Gula Reduksi
D.2 Analisis Kadar Gula Total dan Kadar Sukrosa
D.3 Analisis Kadar Abu
D.4 Analisis Kadar Total Solids
D.5 Analisis Kadar Zat Warna
D.6 Analisis Brix
LAMPIRAN E
E.1 Analisis Kadar Gula
E.1.1 Analisis Kadar Gula Reduksi
E.1.2 Analisis Kadar Gula Total
E.1.3 Analisis Kadar Sukrosa
E.2 Analisis Kadar Abu
E.3 Analisis Kadar Total Solids
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Laporan Penelitian Marlene

Laporan Penelitian Marlene

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Published by Ayrton Widiutomo

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Published by: Ayrton Widiutomo on Jan 16, 2012
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04/25/2013

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