The History of Philosophy
(c.1660)by Thomas Stanley.
From Egypt we move across the Mediterranean Sea to the Greek island of Samos, thebirthplace of Pythagoras, whose ideas dominate most of the material in this course.We'll introduce Pythagoras and his secret society of the Pythagoreans.We'll look at the Pythagoreans' ideas about numbers, as a prelude to our next unit onnumber symbolism. Finally, we'll introduce a new idea that will be recurring themethroughout this course, the
, which will reappear in discussions of thearchitecture of the Renaissance.Our main link between Egypt and Greece seems to be
c 640-550 BC, father of Greek mathematics, astronomy, and Philosophy, and was one of the Seven Sages of Greece. A rich merchant, his duties as a merchant took him to Egypt, and so becameone of the main sources of Egyptian mathematical information in Greece. It wasThales advised his student to visit Egypt, and that student was