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Ceramics and Clay Products

Ceramics and Clay Products

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Published by: Deathribbon on Jan 17, 2012
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06/10/2014

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Clay products are one of the most important classes of structural materials.The raw materials used in their manufacture are clay blended with quartz,sand, chamatte (refractory clay burned at 1000
1400°C and crushed), slag,sawdust and pulverized coal.
Bricks, tiles, pipes, terracotta, earthenwares, stonewares, porcelain, andmajolica are well recognized and employed in building construction.
Clay bricks have pleasing appearance, strength and durability whereas clay tiles used for light-weight partition walls and floors possess high strength andresistance to fire. Clay pipes on account of their durability, strength, lightnessand cheapness are successfully used in sewers, drains and conduits.
 
Classifications
It is an earthen mineral mass or fragmentary rock capable of mixing with water and forming a plastic viscous mass which has aproperty of retaining its shape when moulded and dried. When suchmasses are heated to redness, they acquire hardness and strength.
 A. BY ORIGIN
1. RESIDUALknown as Kaolin or China clay,are formed from the decay of underlyingrocks and are used for making pottery.

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