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Culture of Bangladesh

Culture of Bangladesh



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Published by Ishraq Dhaly
basic info from wikipedia
basic info from wikipedia

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Published by: Ishraq Dhaly on Nov 10, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Culture of Bangladesh
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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(December 2007)
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The culture of Bangladesh
has a unique history, dating back more than 2500 years ago. Theland, the rivers and the lives of the common people formed a rich heritage with markeddifferences from neighboring regions. It has evolved over the centuries, and encompasses thecultural diversity of several social groups of Bangladesh.The culture of Bangladesh is composite, and over centuries has assimilated influences of Hinduism, Jainism,Buddhism, andIslam. It is manifested in various forms, includingmusic, danceand drama;artandcraft;folkloresandfolktales;languagesandliterature,  philosophyand religion, festivalsand celebrations, as also in a distinctcuisineand culinary tradition.
[edit] Music, dance and drama
Main article:Music of Bangladesh
Bangladeshi artists performing in a dance showMusic and dance style of Bangladesh may be divided into three categories, namely, the classical,folk and the modern. The classical style has been influenced by other prevalent classical forms of music and dances of theIndian subcontinent,and accordingly show some influences dance forms likeBharata Natyam andKuchipudi.The folk and tribal music and dance forms of Bangladesh are of indigenous origin and rooted to the soil of Bangladesh. Several dancing styles in vogue inthe north-eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, like Monipuri and Santal dances, are also practiced in Bangladesh, but Bangladesh has developed its own distinct dancing styles.Bangladesh has a rich tradition of  folk songs,with lyrics rooted into vibrant tradition and spirituality,mysticismanddevotion. Such folk songs also revolve round several other themes, including love themes.Most prevalent of folk songs and music traditions include Bhatiali, Baul, Marfati, Murshidi andBhawaiya.Lyricistslike LalonShah,Hason Raja,Kangal Harinath, Romesh Shill,Abbas Uddin and many unknown anonymous lyrists have enriched the tradition of folk songs of Bangladesh.In relatively modern context,Rabindra Sangeet and  Nazrul geetiform precious cultural heritage of Bangladesh. In recent time, western influences have given rise to several quality rock bands, particularly in urban centers like Dhaka.Several musical instruments, some of them of indigenous origin, are used in Bangladesh, andmajor musical instruments used are bamboo flute(banshi), drums (dole), a single stringed instrument namedektara, a four stringed instrument called dotara, a pair of metal bawls used for  rhythm effect called mandira. Currently, several musical instruments of western origin like guitar ,drums, and saxophoneare also used, sometimes alongside the traditional instruments.
Drama remains popular in Bangladesh, including performances of plays by local playwrights, aswell as adaptations from writers of Western origin. Jatra, that is, folk drama, is also a part of  culture of Bangladesh. In Jatras, legendary plays of heroism, mythological stories, folktales of love and tragedy, and similar countless themes are enacted in open air theatre, and continue to bea popular form of entertainment, in spite of modern influences.
[edit] Arts and Crafts of Bangladesh
[edit] Fine Arts of Bangladesh
Several artists originated fromBangladeshhave gained world-wide familiarity for their artisticcontributions. The works of painters likeZainul Abedin,SM Sultan,Quamrul Hassan, Shahabuddin Ahmed, RonobiandHashem Khansymbolizes the culture of the country.
[edit] Handicrafts of Bangladesh
 Nakshi Kantha (embroidered quilt) is said to be indigenous to BangladeshHandicrafts and cottage industries play a vital role in sustaining the cultural heritage of Bangladesh. The prominent handicrafts in the early and middle ages were textiles, metal works, jewelry, wood works, cane and bamboo works, and clay and pottery. Later, jute and leather  became the major raw materials for handicrafts. The most predominant features of Bangladeshihandicrafts are the extensive use of individual skill and the interesting design motifs
(embroidered quilt), a very popular form of handicraft, is said to be indigenous toBangladesh
. The rural women of the country put together pieces of old cloth with crafty stichesto prepare these quilts to be used in the winter. Although kanthas (quilts) are utilitarian objects,the vivid patterns, borders and motifs often turn them into attractive works of art. In recent yearsthe interest in ethnic arts and crafts has encouraged a kantha revival in the country. Many peoplenow use these quilts for decorative purposes only.

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