1.They are not open to revisions 2.Observations are used as valid evidence to verify the explanation behind the diet. A lack of knowledge Some people from scientific and medical communities often remark that fad diets are a result ofthe lack of knowledge on dietary and nutritional facts in the scientific sense. According to them,there is a lack of evidence on weight loss due to calorie restriction. Furthermore, there is a lack ofevidence supporting the claims that fad diets can help achieve and maintain sustainable weightloss. Also, they point out that these diets ignore the necessary associations between humanhealth and dietary and nutritional patterns. Examples of fad diets An example of one of the most marketed and well-known diets is the Atkins Nutritional Approach.Plainly known as the Atkins Diet or simply Atkins, it was developed by Dr. Robert Atkins in the 60'sbecause he came across a diet from the Journal of the American Medical Association to be able toresolve his own weight problems. Since the publication of its diet books, the Atkins diet is one ofthe most popular low-carb diets in the list of what people consider as fad diets. The diet consists ofcarbohydrate restriction to switch the body's metabolism to burn stored body fat instead ofglucose. It also restricts net carbs, which are carbohydrates that contribute effects on a person'sblood sugar. Foods to be eaten when participating in the Atkins diet are unprocessed foods withlow glycemic content. South Beach diet Another example of a weight loss fad diet is the South Beach diet. It emphasizes on consuminggood fats and good carbs, and it was developed by cardiologist Dr. Arthur Agatston for his cardiacpatients based on his scientific research on dieting. The diet has 3 phases which gives importanceto the minimizing of the consumption of the bad carbohydrates and bad fats that can lead tocardiovascular and other health complications. Jenny Craig weight loss According to sources, the Jenny Craig Weight Management Program does not have any formalnutritional and exercise training. However, their clients have one-on-one counseling withconsultants who are composed of health professionals and nutritionists. Members are given thechance to join any of the many plans and then buy pre-packaged foods developed by thecompany itself. Members are still given the option to eat non-Jenny Craig foods at some days ofthe week. The goal of the diet is to promote a change in eating habits and lifestyle so by the timethey reach their ideal weight, they can stop relying on the Jenny Craig food, menu, andconsultations.