A Pinoy is not just a generic human being whodescended from Africa. A Pinoy is not necessarilyof Filipino ancestry. A Pinoy could be anAmerican, Chinese, Spanish, Englishman or anyperson on Earth. A Pinoy could be a Christian ora Muslim. Indeed, Pinoys are a unique group of people. They are diverse, yet homogeneous intheir aspirations -- and hope -- for a betterPhilippines. They all have one thing in common:they love the Philippines. And in their hearts,they are Pinoy.
THE PHILIPPINESFILIPINO HISTORY, CULTURE AND HERITAGE
EMERGENCE OF THE FILIPINO PEOPLE:
Philippine history has often been described as anamalgam of regional developments and outsideinfluences. Excavations in archeological siteshave proven that during prehistoric times, thenative Negritos came in contact with Malays andIndonesians who left their ancestral home inSoutheast Asia by crossing the seas in theirsailboats (balangay), and settled the Philippinearchipelago. Inter-racial marriages took placeamong them and out of these racial mixturesemerged the Filipino people. The early Filipino Malay ancestors brought withthem their culture--food and drinks, communitylife, government and laws, language andliterature, religion, customs and traditions andarts and sciences. They left their cultures to theirdescendants, as the Filipino Malayan inheritance.In the course of the centuries, long before theSpaniards colonized the Philippines in the 16thcentury; the native Filipinos came in contact (bycommerce) with Hindus from India, the Chineseand the Arabs whose civilizations were mucholder and more advanced than those of Spainand other Western countries. As a result of theseearly contacts with these great Asian people, theFilipino native culture and way of life (MalayanHeritage) were enriched. The cultural influences of both India and Arabiacame indirectly to Philippine shores throughMalaysia, while the Chinese cultural influencecame direct from China.In subsequent years, the Filipinos intermarried,not only with the Indians, Chinese and Arabians,but also with the Spaniards, the Americans, the Japanese, the British, the French, the Germans,and other peoples of the world. Today, it may besaid that the bloods of the East and the Westmeet and blend in Filipino veins.It must be noted that during the first two and ahalf centuries (1565-1828) Spain ruled thecountry through Mexico. The viceroy of Mexicogoverned the country in the name of the Spanishking. During this period the famous Manila-Acapulco trade existed. And many Mexicans--colonial officials, missionaries, soldiers, andtraders--came to the Philippines. Theyintroduced plants and animals, industries, songsand dances, customs and traditions into thecountry. Moreover, many of them married Filipinowomen. So it came to pass that Filipino acquireda Mexican heritage.After 333 years of Spanish rule, the Americansconquered the country and like Spain, Americaimposed her culture upon the people. Duringfour decades of U.S. rule (1898-1935), thepeople acquired the American heritage whichincluded democracy, popular education, theEnglish language and Protestant Christianity.Beneath the veneer of Hispanic, Mexican andAmerican heritage, the people, in heart and inspirit, are Asians. they are Asian in race and ingeography with an indestructible Asian heritage. The warmth and natural hospitality of thenation's 66,000,000 Filipinos today, is knownthroughout the world. The 11 cultural, linguisticand racial groups endow the Filipino people withvarying customs and traditions. In spite of theirdiversity, Filipinos have basically two dominanttraits: a love of family and a strong religiousfaith.
SUMMARY OF FILIPINO RACIAL ANCESTRY:
Filipinos came from a mixture of Asian,European, and American peoples--the Negritos,Indonesians, Malays, Chinese, Indians, Arabs andother Asians; The Spaniards, British and otherEuropeans; the Mexicans and Americans of South and North America.According to Dr. H. Otley Beyer, noted Americananthropologist, the racial ancestry of Filipinos isas follows: Malay - 40%; Indonesian - 30%;Chinese - 10%, Indian (Hindu) - 5%, European &American - 3%, and Arab - 2%.
HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT
Centuries before the Spaniards came to thePhilippines, the early Filipinos lived in separateand independent village-states called barangays.Each barangay had its own government headedby a ruler called datu or raha. The early Filipinoswere already civilized. They had government andlaws, education, writing and literature, religion,customs and traditions, commerce andindustries and arts and sciences.Each barangay consisted of about 100 families.Some barangays were big, such as Sugbo(Cebu), Maktan (Mactan), Bigan (Vigan), andMaynila (Manila). Each of these big barangayshad a population of more than 2,000.