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الآلات الكهربية

الآلات الكهربية

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Published by: Osama Kamel Elghitany on Jan 17, 2012
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11/13/2012

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ةيبرهكلا تا 
Electrical Machines
 
: ةمدقم
نم نيتساسأ نيرهاظ ىلع ةكاو ام ود ءس ةيبر  ف نرةييطاغموررهظ
1جنسا رظ –
induction phenomena
رخأو ةييطاغم رئ : نيساسأ نرصع جو نم دب ةيبرك ةف ق ديتا ً ييما اثدحإ ن ةكر ذه . ايب ةي ةكرح دحإ م نيتلخدتم ةيبرك: ا ً يياتسإ وأ
 ً يكيمن ةنلا .. -أ
Dynamically induced e.m.f 
ةتم ةعربو ا ً ع  م ف ةتت .. أ ةيق اإ ن: ةي ةقاب يطاغم ا ةييطاغ 
E = BLµ volts (1)
Where :B := Flux densitywebers/m
2
L := Conductor Length mµ := Conductor Speed m/s
إو رخ لع ع ك ا خو ةكرو  ا  أ ةرش) ةا برض1: م نيثأ آ نيب ةوز يج ف (
E = BLµsin σvolts (2)
ىي ديل لف دعا ا ً ط دت ..  ا دد نو
يكيسا ةنلا .. -
ً
 
Statically induced e.m.f 
.
م  ذ يطاغ ي ةيق ف شا ريغت دم ىلع ًاتعةي اقاب ةشا ..  ةيق اإ ن ، ةيبرك رئ
E = -Tc (dΦ/dt) volts (3)
WhereT
c
: = number of turns in the electric circuitΦ: = magnetic fluxwebers
) نيتق كو1) ، (3. ايب ةاح ىلع اتط  ةيت  ىإ اؤ (
2عفلا رظ –
Interaction Phenomena
n
 µ 
 µ θ 
Β
θ  µ  µ 
sin
=
n
Fig (1)
 
ط م ض
e
ً اي  (رتم)
i
تفاك يطاغم ام ف (ريمأ)
B
 رتم/رو)
2
ةييايم ق  ف ها ىلع ا ً ع (
F
)نيا ف (اهدم او ايت نم  ً ك ىلع ع
F = BLi Newtons (4
(
) 2ذ  ف اي ورم نع شا او ل ا ني (أ-ف تللخو  ىتج دحإ ف ص ا حز ىإ العا ؤ) ش ني ا ف اب فد ام رخ ة2خ أ يح (-)  . رط رصقأ ذخ أ وا ق خ ـه يطاغ ا2( ـج-.  ف ايت ا ع ريث ني وأ ةيياي  ء ف ةيساسأ ةياخ ه ا ف ا ت ذه. ةيبر اكر ف ةكر ف
رحلاو دللا  ةطلا ح
ً اي ر .. ب دتتف ا ً ييطاغم ًام  ا ً لم اه أ رت د فام ن ىإ لاب ايت ذه ورم ؤو ، ةيجا رئد ق دع لابا ا ةييايم ق ا ً ثدم ل ا م ودب عات ب اخ يطاغمةشا  ذه ىلع لغتل  ركأ ب د أ  ذو ل ةكرح. ل لع ةوذ ةيياي ةقال ةيت  ةيبر ةقا أ د ذبو,يطاغم ام ف ضم لم ف ا بر ايت نع  ر فرب .ل ةكرح ام ل ا م عات ب اخ يطاغم ام. ل ايت ا ةيبرك ةف ق ب  يطاغ ا ف ل و أ  ةكر رتس اض اتابو لاب ايت ورم رتس اوةي ..  ىلع لغتل ب ا غ  جاخ يب ل
FF
 
.
Fig 2

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