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Freshwater Aquarium Equipment

Freshwater Aquarium Equipment

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Published by garykellett1969
For great aquarium tips and quality reviews check this out. www.aquariumsmadesimple.newsintechnologys.com
For great aquarium tips and quality reviews check this out. www.aquariumsmadesimple.newsintechnologys.com

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Published by: garykellett1969 on Jan 17, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 ==== ====For great aquarium tips and reviews check this out.www.aquariumsmadesimple.newsintechnologys.com ==== ====Choosing the right Equipment for your freshwater aquarium Knowing exactly what types of equipment you need before you begin to set up your aquarium willsave you time, frustration, and money. The aquarium market is vast and it is easy for someone toget lost in it all. Hopefully after reading this page you will have a better understanding of the typesof equipment you need, and don't need. Choosing your aquarium can be very exciting. I love going to my local fish store to check out theirselection and imagining what that tank would look like in the corner of my living room. Shape andsize are a two things you may want o consider. Perhaps you want your tank to sit in the corner ofyour room. Well they make aquariums that are 3 sided and fit perfectly into a corner. You shouldpurchase the largest aquarium you can afford or are willing to spend. The reason behind this isthat the more total water volume and aquarium holds, the easier it is to maintain a stable system. Ioften hear around the forum community that "the solution to pollution is dilution". Basicallymeaning the bigger our tanks are, the more tolerant they are to our mistakes and fluctuations intemperature and changes in water quality. The shape of your aquarium also plays a role. An aquarium with a larger surface area allows for abetter surface gas exchange and will allow oxygen to enter your water more easily. Other reasonsyou may want to consider the shape and size of your aquarium is ease of aquascaping and tankmaintenance. You have to remember that you need to be able to reach the bottom of youraquarium so a taller aquarium (or a short person) may require a step to be able to reach over theaquarium rim. Large tanks over a few hundred gallons may require a snorkelling mask and someswim trunks to reach the bottom! With aquascaping it depends on your personal preference. Withplanted tanks, a taller aquarium will allow you to keep taller plants, however a wider aquarium willgive you a larger footprint to plant many different foreground, midground, and background plants.A larger footprint will also give you more room to place decor and other hiding spots for your fish.Some fish are bottom dwellers and require a larger footprint to easily swim around. And most fishare horizontal swimmers, not vertical swimmers. Meaning they swim back and forth, not up anddown. You will also need to decide if you want an overflow drilled into your tank. An overflow is adevice that carries water from the display tank into a sump beneath the tank. You can still have asump without a built in overflow drilled into your tank, you just have to use a less reliable overflowbox that carries water from the tank to the sump via siphon over the back glass. (For more aboutsumps see filtration). These are all just a few things you should keep in mind when choosing yourtank. Aquarium backgrounds Having a background on your aquarium can make your fish stand out and hide unsightly cords at
the same time. The easiest type of background is a vinyl background that you can glue or tape tothe back glass. These can be found at your local fish store and can be found in several differentcolors and patterns. If you want a more permanent background with a smoother look, considerpainting the back glass. If you lack artistic skills like me, a simple blue or black painted backgroundwill do just fine. The stand I personally like to build my own stands so I can design the stand however I like. If you do decideto build your own stand, please be sure you build it strong enough and level. Remember that waterweighs 8 pounds per gallon, plus the weight of your decor, substrate, and equipment. It's safe tosay that an aquarium weighs 10 pounds per gallon in all. So a 50 gallon aquarium will weighroughly 500 pounds. Larger aquariums over a few hundred gallons may require you to reinforceyour floor. Please consult a contractor before installing large aquariums to ensure your floor willhold the weight. If you don't want to build your own stand, ask your local fish store to recommenda stand that is right for your aquarium. Where to put your aquarium You want your aquarium to be located in a place where the whole family can enjoy it but there area few areas you want to avoid. Places like hallways with too much traffic may upset your fish. Youshould keep your aquarium out of the kitchen due to the fluctuations in room temperature,humidity, cleaning chemicals and traffic. You should also avoid placing your tank in direct sunlight,as this can increase the temperature of your tank water as well as cause unwanted algae to grow.Living rooms, dens, and bedrooms make great places for both you and your aquarium to behappy. Quarantine Tanks (Q-Tank or hospital tank) The last thing you want is for one of fish to get sick, but you still need to be prepared if that doeshappen. Having a quarantine tank is crucial for larger systems and recommended for all systems.A quarantine tank allows you to quarantine new fish so you don't introduce a sick fish into youraquarium and risk the health of all your other fish. It also allows you to separate and treat any fishthat may become sick. Some serious aquarists have a Q-tank set up and running all the time,while others simply have the necessary equipment to set one up on the spot if needed. You don'tneed all the bells and whistles for your hospital tank, all you need is a small aquarium, andnormally a 10-20 gallon works just fine, a heater, and an adequate filter just for the Q-tank. Choosing your substrate Substrate can help add to the overall biological filtration and take some of the load off your filter.When choosing your substrate, it is really up to you what you want. You could choose sand, rocks,gravel, river stones or even no substrate at all. The only time it really matters is when you havebottom dwelling fish that require a specific type of substrate. For instance if you want catfish youneed a smooth substrate like small round pebbles so it doesn't irritate their skin as they rub acrossit. If you are growing high maintenance plants you may want to consider an aquatic soil or clay.This can cloud up the water for a few weeks but will eventually go away and your plants will love it.Regardless of the type of substrate, it is recommended you use 1-2 pounds, or roughly 2 inches of
substrate to cover the bottom of your aquarium. Filtration There are many different types of filtration in this hobby, some better than others, but the 3 maincomponents of filtration are mechanical, chemical and biological. Mechanical filtration is theremoval of large particles in the water column through a foam filter or filter floss. Chemical filtrationis the use of activated carbon to remove harmful chemicals from the water. Biological filtrationuses porous media to attract beneficial aerobic bacteria to colonize and allow for the nitrogencycle to take place. When choosing a filter, you should select one strong enough to filter yourwater 5-10 times per hour. So for a 50 gallon aquarium, you want a filter that pumps 250-500gallons per hour. Under gravel filters Under gravel filters are placed below the gravel and use pumps or air stones to force waterthrough the gravel, allowing beneficial bacteria to flourish. In my opinion these filters are outdatedand should not be used. They are ineffective, and clog up causing more problems down the road. Sponge filters (or internal filters) Internal filters use an air stone to move air through a small sponge or filter cartridge. These filtersare only recommended for pico aquariums (under 5 gallons) due to their lack of filtering abilities. Hang on back filters (aka HOB or power filters) These are probably the most common filters found on small to medium sized aquariums. This ispartially due to their ease of use and their ability to process and clean your tank water very well.Like their name suggests, these filters hang on the back rim of your aquarium glass, and use apump to pull water into the filtration chamber, forcing the water through mechanical, chemical andbiological filter media. Some HOB filters use easy to change cartridges. Although this may makemaintenance a bit quicker, I would suggest using a filter that allows you to customize the types ofmedia you use. What I use and recommend is the Hagen Aquaclear filter because you can placebags of whatever type of media you want in the media basket, and you can use much more mediathan you can with a flimsy cartridge. If you would rather use replacement cartridges I wouldrecommend the Marineland bio wheel filter. The biological media on this filter is built into a wheelthat turns as water flows around it. The wheel rotates and exposes itself to both water and air,providing a great environment for beneficial aerobic bacteria to flourish. Canister filters Canister filters are very popular with medium sized to larger aquariums. These are external filtersthat pump water from the tank through a hose and into the canister filter, where it is forced throughmechanical, chemical, and biological filter media and then back into the tank through anotherhose. Canister filters are so popular because of their ability to process large volumes of waterthrough alot of media. This is important for tanks with a lot of fish that produce a lot of waste.Using a canister filter will help polish your water until it's crystal clear. One downside to canisterfilters is that they can be slightly harder to clean and begin to lose flow as they get clogged until

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