A Brief Description Of Your Brain
The human brain is an amazing organ. It controls virtually all of our bodily functions. Butmost importantly it is what gives us the ability to sense the world around us and respond toit. Our cognition and understanding of our outside world take place in the brain. Let’s findout a bit more about the organ which makes us what we are – the brain.The brain is safely contained within a bony cavity called the skull. It floats within a viscousfluid which helps protects and cushion the brain from bumps and bruises. The brain is mostlycomposed by water (over 75%).All animals have a brain. But the human
is quite different in size and in functions thanother animals. First of all it is much larger if we compare it to the the brains of other animalssimilar which are similar in size to us. As an average, it is usually about three times larger.This added size and special features of the brain is what makes it incredibly complex andhighly functioning possible. The added size of the brainis taken up largely by the cerebral cortex. This is alarge mass of tissue which is located around the area of the forebrain and where highly complex operationstake place.Another section of the brain called the frontal lobes isquite large as well. This area is thought to performfunctions like self-control, planning, critical reasoning,and complex thought. There is another specializedsection of the brain which is called occipital lobe. It isbelieved to mainly provide vision function. It is alsoquite a bit larger than similar sections of the brains of other animals.The human brain is composed of almost 100 billion cells and a similar number of neurons.These specialized cells communicate signals to each other through a network of synapses.The information in our brain travels faster than 250mph or 400km/h! Don’t believe theancient myth that we use only 10% of our brain. This is not true and science shows how byleveraging all the different parts, we can as human beings properly function.As indicated earlier, the brain performs many essential functions. It controls and monitorsmost functions of the body. It is able to receive information concerning these parts of thebody and then respond in an appropriate manner.The area called the brainstem is the more primitive part of the brain and is believed tocontrol most of the automatic functions in the body. This includes breathing, heart rate andothers.But a section called the neocortex is where higher level thought is believed to occur. It isthe area which makes us so special and higher functioning. The brain is being studiedintensively all the time.