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Local Case-marking in Kalasha (PhD Thesis)

Local Case-marking in Kalasha (PhD Thesis)

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Published by Muhammad Kashif Ali
This document is lingual study of the Kalasha people of Pakistan.
This is public content and available from http://www.sasnet.lu.se/pdf/kalashalanguage.pdf
This document is lingual study of the Kalasha people of Pakistan.
This is public content and available from http://www.sasnet.lu.se/pdf/kalashalanguage.pdf

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Muhammad Kashif Ali on Jan 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/22/2013

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Local case-markingin Kalasha
Jan Heegård Petersen
PhD thesisJune 2006Department of Nordic Studies andLinguisticsUniversity of Copenhagen
Supervisors: Prof. Michael Fortescue and Birgit Anette Rasmussen.
 
 i
CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.......................................................................................................VII
 
ABBREVIATIONS.......................................................................................................................IX
 
TRANSCRIPTION NOTES........................................................................................................XI
 
LIST OF TABLES......................................................................................................................XII
 
LIST OF FIGURES...................................................................................................................XIII
 
1.
 
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................1
 
1.1
 
A
DATA
-
DRIVEN THESIS
.................................................................................................1
 
1.2
 
C
ASE
-
MARKING AND CASE MARKERS
............................................................................2
 
1.3
 
L
OCAL CASE
-
MARKING AND SPATIAL GRAMMAR 
...........................................................3
 
1.4
 
T
HE DEVELOPMENT OF A CASE
-
MARKING SYSTEM
.........................................................4
 
1.5
 
O
UTLINE OF THE THESIS
.................................................................................................4
 
2.
 
THE KALASHA PEOPLE AND THEIR LANGUAGE..................................................7
 
2.1
 
T
HE GEOGRAPHICAL SETTING
........................................................................................7
 
2.2
 
T
HE MACRO
-
SOCIOLINGUISTIC SETTING
.........................................................................7
 
2.2.1
 
The Kalasha valleys.................................................................................................
 
2.2.2
 
The Hindu Kush language area...............................................................................8
 
2.2
 
ALASHA MODE OF LIFE AND RELIGION
.........................................................................9
 
2.3
 
T
HE HISTORY OF THE
ALASHA
...................................................................................10
 
2.4
 
ALASHA DIALECTS
....................................................................................................11
 
2.5
 
T
HE FUTURE OF
ALASHA
...........................................................................................12
 
3.
 
PREVIOUS LINGUSTIC RESEARCH ON KALASHA...............................................15
 
3.1
 
T
HE PIONEERS
..............................................................................................................15
 
3.2
 
G
EORG
M
ORGENSTIERNE
............................................................................................15
 
3.3
 
L
INGUISTIC RESEARCH ON
ALASHA IN THE LATE
20
TH
CENTURY
................................16
 
3.3.1
 
 Ron Trail and Greg Cooper...................................................................................16 
 
3.3.2
 
 Elena Bashir..........................................................................................................17 
 
3.3.3
 
 Ida E. Mørch and Jan Heegård Petersen...............................................................18
 
3.4
 
O
THER LINGUISTIC DATA ON
ALASHA
.......................................................................18
 
3.5
 
S
UMMARY
...................................................................................................................18
 
4.
 
THE TERM ‘DARDIC’.....................................................................................................21
 
4.1
 
T
HE INITIAL ASSUMPTIONS
..........................................................................................21
 
4.2
 
T
HE
D
ARDIC ACCOUNT GETS SETTLED
.........................................................................22
 
4.3
 
T
HE
D
ARDIC CASE REOPENED
......................................................................................24
 
4.4
 
D
ARDIC AND THE PRESENT STUDY
...............................................................................25
 
5.
 
A SKETCH OF KALASHA...............................................................................................27
 
5.1
 
P
HONOLOGICAL SKETCH
..............................................................................................27
 
5.1.1
 
Consonants.............................................................................................................27 
 
5.1.2
 
Vowels....................................................................................................................28
 
5.2
 
G
RAMMATICAL SKETCH
...............................................................................................29
 
5.2.1
 
Morphology............................................................................................................29
 
5.2.1.1
 
 Nominal............................................................................................................................29
 
5.2.1.2
 
Verbal...............................................................................................................................30
 

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