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Table Of Contents

2.2.2Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE)
2.2.3K-values and Relative Volatility
2.2.4Estimating the Relative Volatility From Boiling Point Data
2.2.5Material Balance on a Distillation Stage
2.2.6Assumption about Constant Molar Flows
2.3.1Degrees of Freedom in Operation of a Distillation Column
2.3.2External and Internal Flows
2.3.3McCabe-Thiele Diagram (Constant Molar Flows, but any VLE)
2.3.4Typical Column Profiles— Pinch
2.4.1Minimum Number of Stages—Infinite Energy
2.4.2Minimum Energy Usage— Infinite Number of Stages
2.4.3Finite Number of Stages and Finite Reflux
2.4.4Constant K-values— Kremser Formulas
2.4.5Approximate Formula with Constant Relative Volatility
2.4.6Optimal Feed Location
2.4.7Summary for Continuous Binary Columns
2.5.1The Basic Underwood Equations
2.5.2Stage to Stage Calculations
2.5.3Some Properties of the Underwood Roots
2.5.4Minimum Energy— Infinite Number of Stages
2.6Further Discussion of Specific Issues
3. Neglect any heat of mixing such that
4. Assume that all components have the same molar heat capacity cPL
5. Assume that the stage temperature can be approximated by
6. The molar enthalpy in the vapour phase is given as:
8. Then if is equal for all components we get
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Distillation Theory

Distillation Theory

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Published by: bc_eng on Jan 18, 2012
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