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Funciones logarítmica

Funciones logarítmica

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Published by flaterri

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Published by: flaterri on Nov 11, 2008
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09/20/2012

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4to. 1ra. T. T. - MatemáticaProf. Flavia Terrizzano
Función logarítmica
Es la función inversa a la función exponencialf: R 
+
/ f(x) = a
x
(a>0 y a
1)Función exponencial
-1
: R 
+
 
R / f 
-1
(x) = log
a
x (a>0 y a
1)es la función logarítmica de base a dondelog
a
x = y
a
y
= xEjemplos
log
3
9 = 2
3
2
= 9
log
25
1 = 0
25
0
= 1
log
2
 411 = -2
2
-2
=
4121
2
=     
Ejercitación
1)Resolver aplicando la definición de logaritmoa)log
2
32 =
 b)log
3
81 =
c)log
5
125 =
d)log
8
4096 =
e)log
13
1 =
f)log
3
243 =
g)log
5
 1251=
h)
71
log49 =
i)Log
4
64 =
 j)
2
log2 =
k)log
2
0,25 =
l)log
13
169 =
m)log
2
512 =
n)
m
1
logm
-3
=
o)Log
16
 21=
 p)Log
a
 
a
1=
q)Log
11
11 =
r)log
2a
16ª
4
=
s)log
2
 2=
2)Graficar en un mismo par de ejes cartesianosa) f(x) = 2
x
 b) f(x) = log
2
xg(x) =
 x
31g(x) =
 x
31
log3)Calcular.a)
=     +
9log1251log8log
352
Rta. -2
 b)
=          
49log32log 41.31log316log
7234
Rta.
415
1

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