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Sivarajayogi Thycaud Ayya Swamikal

Sivarajayogi Thycaud Ayya Swamikal

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Published by Dr.Kanam
The First Social reformer of Kerala
The First Social reformer of Kerala

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Published by: Dr.Kanam on Nov 11, 2008
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02/21/2014

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 Sivaraja Yogi Thycaud Ayya Swamikal
The first Social Reformer of Travancre,who introduced
 Panthibhojan
(interdining of uppuer cast with lower caste)
Bio data
Sivaraja Yogi Ayya Swamikal was born in 1814 on Aswathy asterism in Nakalapuram.Hisoriginal name was
Subharayan.
His grandfather Sri Hrishikesan and his father SriMuthukumaran were great yogis and were migrated to Tamilnadu from
 Pampumkadu inMalabar 
during Tipu Sultan’s aggression. Lord Subramanya was their family deity. At theage of 12, Subharayan received spiritual initiation fromtwo Tamil Saints, SachidanandaMaharaj and Sri Chitti Paradeshi who used tovisit Subharayans family frequently. Whenhe was 16,the Saints took him with them to
 Burma ,Singapore, Penang and Africa
.During this period Subharaya acquired and practiced yogic techniques of high order.Returning home after 3 years he continued yogic practices, often entering the state o“Nirvikalpa Samadhi”. Gradually he acquired the
Ashtasidhies
or divine powersincluding that of 
astral travel 
, but his Gurus strictly warned him not to use them to gainmaterial advantage.At the age of 27 , in accordance with his Guru’s wishes Swamikal visited Kodungalloor Devi temple in Kerala and from their he toured
Travancore.
The Mother Goddessappeared in her “Poorna swaroopam” before Ayya at
Thycaud
in Trivandrum, where hedestined to spend the remaining part of his life.
Swathy Thirunal,
the then Maharaja of Travancore, heard about the spiritual eminence of Ayya ,invited him to his palace and became his disciple.Swamikal visited Sri Vaikunda Padar of Nagarcoil (Swami thoppu)and visited the famous Maruthwamalai.When his father left to Kasi ,Subharayan had to look after the family.To obey his Guru ,Ayya married
 Kamalammal 
from Kollam and the couple had three sons and twodaughters. However Ayya continued his spiritual practices while living the married life.Ayya was a great scholar in Tamil and gained good proficiency in English. He used todeliver spiritual discourses at the “
 Ashtapathana Sabha”
in Chennai. Ayya was supplyinggoods to military camp in Chennai, where he came in contact with the Mess Secretary
 
Mr.Mc Gregor
. Mc Gregor learned Tamil and Yoga from Ayya. During the reign of Maharaja Ayillum Thirunal, Mr.Mc Gregor became the
 Resident of Travancore
.Heappointed Ayya as the
Manager of his Residency in Thycaud.
From 1873 up to a week  before his Mahasmadhi on 20th July 1909(Karkadakam, makom nal) Ayya continued inthe post. People respectfully called him
“Superintend Ayya” 
.Swamikal kept strict discipline in work and was extremely punctual. At his residence hespent most of his time in meditation and in initiating and instructing his disciples inspiritual practices. Ayya used to deliver lectures on Bhakthi, Yoga and Vedanta in
Jnanaprakasha Sabha at Petta
, during which leading literary, social and spiritual personalities in and around Trivandrum used to meet Ayya Guru. Swamikal with the helpof 
Manonmaneeyam Sundaram Pillai,
the first MA holder of Travancore (father of former finance minister 
P.S.Nataraja Pillai)
founded the famous
 Saiva Prakasha Sabha” 
of chalai,Trivandrum
Disciples
Ayya Swamikal had fifty one disciples, most of them attained the highest stage of Samadhi, some of them leading married family life. Among the prominent personalitieswereChithrmezhuthu Revi Varma KoithampuranKeralaVarma Koithampuran(Thiruvalla)Sury Narayana Iyyer(Peshkar)Muthukumara Swami Pillai(Peshkar)Periya Perumal Pillai (Peshkar)Meenakshinatha Pillai(ChalaiMeenakshi Iyyer(Chalai)Arumukham Vadyar(Chalai)Manikavachakam Vadyar(Chalai)Appavu Vadyar(Chalai)Kumara Swamy Vadyar(Chalai)Ayyappan Pillai Vadyar Appavu VakilChidambaram Pillai (Thycaud)Kollur Kunjan Pillai(Chattampi Swamikal)- Samadi at Panmana
 
 Nanu Assan-Chempazhanthy (Sri Narayana Guru)-Samadhi at ShivagiriDr.Krishna Pillai(Palace Doctor)Vailur Rayasam Madhavan PillaiBhagavatheeswarayyer(Kottarammadom)A.R.Rajaraja VarmaAyyankali-Dalith leader-Statue in VellayambalamMakkadi Labba (Thiruvithamcodu Mosque)-Samadhi at ThiruvithamcoduPadmanabha Pillai(Compounder-Mankadu)Kesavayyar(Padijaretheruvu)Anaval Sankara Naraya Iyyer,Sundaram Iyyenkar (Account Officer),Parthasarady Naidu (Head Draughtsman),Sbba Raju (Survey Office), Nanthankodu Kotchu Krishna,Pillai(Draughtsman)-Samadhi at Nanthancodu,Subramanya Iyyer(Karamana),Hiarihara Iyyer(Karamana), Narayan Potty (Vamanpuram)-Samadhi at Kazhakoottam, Narayana Potty(Kazhakoottam),Thottathil Raman Kaniyar,Jyotsan Kalpada Kanyar,Mankattu Bhavani(Ezhava) Swayamprakasa Yogini Amma-Samadhi at Kulathoor Thiruvathira Thirunal AmmaThampuran (Mavelikara) KollathammaFidilist Padmanbhan Kaniyar (Thycaud)-Samadhi at Thycaud,Vanchiyur Balanandan, Parassala Madhavan Nair,Velaydhan Pillai (Thycaud),Sankaralingom Pillai (Thycaud),

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