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Chemistry 962 STPM Lapo 2010

Chemistry 962 STPM Lapo 2010

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Published by: Fu Hong on Jan 19, 2012
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01/27/2012

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135
Chemistry (962)
OVERALL PERFORMANCE
The number o candidates or this subject was 8504. The percentage o candidates who obtained aull pass was 72.24%, an increase o 2.23% compared with the previous year.The achievement o candidates or this subject according to grades is as ollows:
Grade A AB+ B BC+ C CD+ D FPercentage
6.34 6.72 7.73 10.62 11.80 14.63 14.40 5.10 6.26 5.36 11.04
RESPONSES OF CANDIDATES
PAPER 962/1 (MULTIPLE-CHOICE)
Keys
QuestionnumberKeyQuestionnumberKeyQuestionnumberKey
1
C
18
C
35
B
2
B
19
B
36
A
3
C
20
B
37
B
4
B
21
D
38
C
5
D
22
B
39
D
6
A
23
D
40
A
7
B
24
C
41
A
8
B
25
C
42
B
9
D
26
C
43
D
10
C
27
D
44
C
11
B
28
B
45
A
12
A
29
A
46
B
13
D
30
A
47
B
14
A
31
B
48
D
15
D
32
C
49
B
16
C
33
C
50
A
17
C
34
C
962[STPM Lapo 2010].indd 1355/13/11 10:59:38 AM
 
136
General comments
The mean square was 26.74 (44.64%) and there was a very good spread o scores with a standarddeviation o 8.66. Questions 4, 7, 15, 16, 17, 20, 23, 26, 31, 42 and 46 were very dicult or candidateswith less than 30% o candidates obtaining the correct answers. Questions 2, 6, 8, 10, 11, 24, 28,34, 35, 38, 41 and 47 were answered correctly by at least 60% o candidates.
PAPER 962/2 (STRUCTURE AND ESSAY)
General comments
There were many candidates who attempted to answer all the questions, demonstrating soundknowledge and a good understanding o the chemistry examined in this paper. On the otherhand, there are still a signicant number o candidates whose knowledge o inorganic chemistry is poor. Generally, candidates’ knowledge o organic chemistry continues to improve. Overall, theanswers given showed a continuing improvement in the quality o candidates’ perormance withmost candidates being able to demonstrate some positive achievement with a mean o 29.70 and astandard deviation o 18.12.
Comments on the individual question
Question 1
In part (
)(i), most candidates were able to write the denition or pH as negative logarithm o the concentration o hydrogen ions.In part (
), most candidates were able to calculate the concentration o hydrogen ions in the sampleo the yoghurt drink. A small number o candidates ailed to give their nal answers to appropriatesignicant gures. Some candidates lost marks because they “rounded o” their answers in the early stage o their calculation.In part (
), almost all candidates started by using the ormula M
1
V
1
= M
2
V
2
; which was acceptable.However, a signicant number o candidates ailed to understand the question correctly. They didnot substitute the numerical values o the volume and the concentration given in the question.In part (
), most candidates were able to state that lactic acid is a weak acid, but they ailed to statethat lactic acid reacts completely with potassium hydroxide.In part (
), the majority o candidates ailed to state that
a
=[H]
2
——–
to solve the calculation.In part (
 f 
), most candidates were unable to sketch the titration curve correctly. They ailed to labelthe initial pH o the lactic acid as 3.52 cm
3
and the volume o KOH or complete neutralisation as27.85 cm
3
on the titration curve that they had drawn.
Answers 
: (
) [H
+
] = 3.02 × 10
–4
mol dm
–3
; (
) [Lactic acid] = 0.1114 mol dm
–3
;(
)
a
= 8.19 × 10
–7
mol dm
–3
Question 2
In part (
), very ew candidates were able to give a complete answer as silver chloride dissolves togive a colourless solution. A ew candidates conused the term
dissolve 
with
soluble 
. The correct termto state an observation should be
dissolve 
. Only good candidates were able to get the second markallocated in this part by stating the ormation o complex ion, [Ag(NH
3
)
2
]
+
.
962[STPM Lapo 2010].indd 1365/13/11 10:59:38 AM
 
137
In part (
)(i), most candidates were able to state Hess’s law.In part (
)(ii), most candidates were able to draw Born-Haber cycle or silver chloride. However,some candidates lost their marks when they ailed to write the correct physical state or the elementor species involved in the chemical equations.
Question 3
In part (
), while the majority o candidates knew how to draw the structure o dimer aluminiumchloride, Al
2
Cl
6
, there were signicant numbers o candidates who gave incorrect answers. A commonerror was ailing to show the arrows o the dative bonds in Al
2
Cl
6
molecule. The candidates wrongly stated that the type o bonding was ionic with a covalent character or dative bond instead o covalent bond.In part (
), many candidates ound this part dicult because they were unable to deduce, in thebeginning, the correct structure o aluminium chloride. Only good candidates were able to calculatethe volume o aqueous silver nitrate with the correct unit and signicant gures.In part (
), most candidates were able to write the equation or the reaction o aluminium chloridewith ethoxyethane as:(CH
3
CH
2
)
2
O + AlCl
3
 
[(CH
3
CH
2
)
2
O
AlCl
3
]However, the majority o candidates were unable to explain that in order to react with ethoxyethane,the dimer had to dissociate to a monomer which had a vacant orbital or the ormation o dativebond. For the reaction o aluminium chloride with water, most candidates were unable to explain thehighly exothermic reaction between aluminium chloride and water which was due to the hydrationo a highly positively charged aluminium ion. Instead, they explained it as hydrolysis occurring.The word
hydrolysis 
should have been used to explain the acidity o an acid or a base. Candidateswere also unable to write the equation or the reaction between aluminium chloride and water asshown below.Al
2
Cl
6
+ 12H
2
O
2[Al(H
2
O)
6
]
3+
+ 6Cl
Answer 
: (
) 112 cm
3
Question 4
In part (
), most candidates were able to give the correct
 p
K
a
value or each compound.In part (
), most candidates were able to arrange the compound in ascending order o their boilingpoint as shown below.CH
3
COCH
3
,
CH
3
CH(OH)CH
3
,
CH
3
COOHMany candidates correctly explained that the trend o melting point was due to the act thatCH
3
COCH
3
and CH
3
CH(OH)CH
3
had an intermolecular hydrogen bonding whereas CH
3
COOHhad van der Waals’ orces. Almost all candidates did not state that CH
3
COOH had the highestboiling point because the molecule existed as a dimer.In part (
)(i), most candidates were able to draw the structural ormulae o the monomers o thepolymers
and
.In part (
)(ii), the majority o candidates were able to state the type o polymerisation o polymer
as a condensation polymerisation, while polymer
as an addition polymerisation.
962[STPM Lapo 2010].indd 1375/13/11 10:59:39 AM

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