The mean square was 26.74 (44.64%) and there was a very good spread o scores with a standarddeviation o 8.66. Questions 4, 7, 15, 16, 17, 20, 23, 26, 31, 42 and 46 were very dicult or candidateswith less than 30% o candidates obtaining the correct answers. Questions 2, 6, 8, 10, 11, 24, 28,34, 35, 38, 41 and 47 were answered correctly by at least 60% o candidates.
PAPER 962/2 (STRUCTURE AND ESSAY)
There were many candidates who attempted to answer all the questions, demonstrating soundknowledge and a good understanding o the chemistry examined in this paper. On the otherhand, there are still a signicant number o candidates whose knowledge o inorganic chemistry is poor. Generally, candidates’ knowledge o organic chemistry continues to improve. Overall, theanswers given showed a continuing improvement in the quality o candidates’ perormance withmost candidates being able to demonstrate some positive achievement with a mean o 29.70 and astandard deviation o 18.12.
Comments on the individual question
In part (
)(i), most candidates were able to write the denition or pH as negative logarithm o the concentration o hydrogen ions.In part (
), most candidates were able to calculate the concentration o hydrogen ions in the sampleo the yoghurt drink. A small number o candidates ailed to give their nal answers to appropriatesignicant gures. Some candidates lost marks because they “rounded o” their answers in the early stage o their calculation.In part (
), almost all candidates started by using the ormula M
; which was acceptable.However, a signicant number o candidates ailed to understand the question correctly. They didnot substitute the numerical values o the volume and the concentration given in the question.In part (
), most candidates were able to state that lactic acid is a weak acid, but they ailed to statethat lactic acid reacts completely with potassium hydroxide.In part (
), the majority o candidates ailed to state that
to solve the calculation.In part (
), most candidates were unable to sketch the titration curve correctly. They ailed to labelthe initial pH o the lactic acid as 3.52 cm
and the volume o KOH or complete neutralisation as27.85 cm
on the titration curve that they had drawn.
] = 3.02 × 10
) [Lactic acid] = 0.1114 mol dm
= 8.19 × 10
In part (
), very ew candidates were able to give a complete answer as silver chloride dissolves togive a colourless solution. A ew candidates conused the term
. The correct termto state an observation should be
. Only good candidates were able to get the second markallocated in this part by stating the ormation o complex ion, [Ag(NH
962[STPM Lapo 2010].indd 1365/13/11 10:59:38 AM