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Mathematics T 954 STPM Lapo 2010

Mathematics T 954 STPM Lapo 2010

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Published by: Fu Hong on Jan 19, 2012
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118
Mathematics T (954)
OVERALL PERFORMANCE
The number o candidates or this subject was 8592. The percentage o candidates who obtained aull pass was 67.09%, an increase o 1.14% compared with the previous year.The achievement o candidates according to grades is as ollows:
Grade A AB+ B BC+ C CD+ D FPercentage
8.01 7.18 9.61 11.22 11.08 10.74 9.25 3.09 3.45 3.34 23.03
RESPONSES OF CANDIDATES
PAPER 954/1
General comments
Generally, the majority o answers were well written. However, quite a number o answers were notwell thought o and the logical sequence was not there.
Comments on individual questions
Question 1
Almost all candidates were amiliar with the property log
ab 
= log
+ log
, but most o themmade mistakes as they thought that log
2
= (log
)
2
and log
+ log
 y 
= 5
 
+
 y 
= 5.
Answers 
:
= 27,
 y 
= 9
Question 2
Most candidates were able to fnd 
du
—–
dx 
 and used the chain rule. However, only a ew were able tosimpliy 
ABBBBB
u
2
1 or
du
—–
dx 
 in terms o 
correctly, and express
u
2
– 1 as a perect square. Since thesolution required clear proo, the steps involved should have been detailed, but many candidates just concluded with the answer.
Question 3
Some candidates were aware o the condition or a convergent series which was
|
|
 
,
1, but they ailed to realise that e
 
.
0 or all real values o 
and thus, they did not answer the frst partcorrectly. As or the second part, more than hal o candidates did not provide the exact value asrequired by the question.
Answers 
: {
:
 
.
0},
= ln43
954[STPM Lapo 2010].indd 1185/13/11 10:58:57 AM
 
119
Question 4
Most candidates were able to fnd
 f 
ʹ
(
). However, the majority o candidates ailed to observe thatthe next part requires them to use answer rom the frst part. These candidates did not use theanti-derivative concept to obtain the answer but used integration by parts instead.
Answers 
:
 f 
ʹ
(
) = 1 + ln
, 2e ln e
Question 5
There were only a ew candidates who were able to use the defnition or
A
B
to establish theproo or the frst part.
Answer 
:
=23
Question 6
Candidates could fnd the domain and range but could not gave the answer in the correct set orm,or vice versa. Majority o the candidates were also very weak in giving explanation and reasoning.
Answers 
: D
 
= [−3, −1)
(−1, 2], R
 
= (−1, 2)
Question 7
Most candidates were able to answer the frst part, but ailed to solve the inequality 
 p
(
)
<
0 inthe second part. Most candidates just showed that
2
4
+ 5 = 0 had complex roots withoutrealising that it was always positive. Some candidates just ignored the quadratic actor saying thatit had complex roots.
Answers 
:
= 9,
= −5, {
: 1
<
 
 
<
 12}
Question 8
Most candidates were able to fnd the constants
A
,
B
,
and
. However, there were some who madecareless mistakes in solving the equations. There were also instances where candidates did not usethe “
” sign correctly and at the appropriate places.
Answers 
:
A
= 1,
B
= –3,
= 4,
= 0
Question 9
Most candidates were able to sketch the graph o 
 y 
= e
, but they were not able to sketch the grapho 
 y 
=4——–2
. In many cases, candidates only drew part o the rational unction which lay in thefrst and second quadrant. Most candidates were able to use the Newton-Raphson method correctly to estimate the root o the equation.
Question 10
Candidates did not perormed well in this question. Some candidates were not aware o the propertieso the circle. Very ew candidates were able to answer the last part o the question since they didnot realise that the two circles actually touched each other and hence, the intersection point wasthe midpoint o the two centres.
Answers 
: (
) (
+ 2)
2
+ (
 y 
3)
2
= 25; (
) (– 2, 3), 5; (
) (i) 10, (ii) (1, 7)
954[STPM Lapo 2010].indd 1195/13/11 10:58:57 AM
 
120
Question 11
Quite a number o candidates were able to fnd the composite unction and stationary pointscorrectly and to sketch the graph. However, some candidates ailed to give the overall graph andpresented only partial sketch or incomplete graph. For example, the sketch terminated in the secondquadrant and did not proceed to the third quadrant. As or the second part, many candidates ailedto sketch the graph
 y 
=1——
h
(
) correctly. As a result, they were not able to give the right answers orpart (
). Some candidates did not give the answers in the set orm.
Answers 
: (
) (
1)
3
3(
– 1) + 2, (0, 4), (2, 0); (
) (i)
:
 
,
 14,
 
0
, (ii)
:
=14
,(iii)
:
 
.
 14
Question 12
All candidates knew that
P
−1
=1—–
|
P
|
Adj
P
. However, quite a number o candidates conused withtranspose o a matrix, adjoint and coactors.Some candidates were weak in transorming the inormation given into a system o linear equations.The candidates straight away wrote the matrix equation which they inadvertently missed showingthe transormation o worded problems into mathematical equations clearly.
Answers 
: (
)
|
P
|
=
14, Adj
P
=2 1 58 –3 –1–4 5 –3
12
,171—–145—–145—–1447
 – 
27
 – 
3—–14
 – 
1—–14
 – 
3—–14
12
(
) (ii)
x =
5 minutes,
 y =
8
 
minutes,
z =
10 minutes
PAPER 954/2
General comments
In general, the quality o answers given was not satisactory. Candidates showed a wide range o mathematical abilities. Good candidates gave well-planned answers and systematic steps in theirpresentations. On the other hand, weaker candidates showed a lack o aptitude and understandingo the requirements o the questions.
Comments on individual questions
Question 1
This question was well answered by most candidates. However, in the integration by parts, many candidates made a wrong choice o 
u
and
du
—–
dv 
, thus making the integration more difcult to solve.Another common mistake was
cos
 y dx 
= –sin
 y.Answer 
: sin
 y 
=
2
ln
12
2
+ c
954[STPM Lapo 2010].indd 1205/13/11 10:58:58 AM

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