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Table Of Contents

Outline for Today
The Cellular Concept
Basic Concept
System Architecture
First Mobile Telephone System
Problem with Original Design
Improved Design
The Core Idea: Cellular
Concept
Cellular Concept
3 Core Principles
Tessellation
Tessellation (Cont¶d)
Circular Coverage Areas
Circles Don¶t Tessellate
Thus the Name Cellular
Handoffs
A Handoff
A Handoff (Cont¶d)
Frequency Reuse
Frequency Reuse (Cont¶d)
Example of Frequency Reuse
Multiple Access in Cellular
Networks
Multiple Transmitters, One
Receiver
Multiple Access Method
FDMA
TDMA
Hybrid FDMA/TDMA
Hybrid FDMA/TDMA (Cont¶d)
CDMA
Direct Sequence CDMA
Cocktail Party Analogy
Cocktail Party (Cont¶d)
Exercise on Frequency
Hopping CDMA
Important Parameter in
Exercise
Final Points on
FDMA/TDMA/CDMA
Motivating Random Access
Random Access: Failure
Random Access: Success
(Cont¶d)
Random Access Summary
Standards: Rules for a
Cellular Network
The Inner Workings
Standards
More on Standards
Second Generation of Cellular
Second Generation (Cont¶d)
Present Cellular Systems
Present Systems (Cont¶d)
AMPS: A Model for Learning
about Cellular Networks
Complete Cellular Network
Mobile Switching Centers
The AMPS System
The AMPS System (Cont¶d)
Voice and Control Channels
AMPS: Voice Channels
Frequency Reuse in AMPS
Clustersize of 7
Clustersize of 7 (Cont¶d)
Clustersize of 7, Reuse Pattern
What if we had a smaller
cluster?
Clustersize
Clustersize (Cont¶d)
Directional Antenna
Directional Antenna at Base
Station
Directional Antenna (Cont¶d)
120 Degree Antenna Towers
Next Time
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Lucid 2

Lucid 2

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Published by Gourav Singh

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Published by: Gourav Singh on Jan 19, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/07/2012

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