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Edison: His Life and Inventions

Edison: His Life and Inventions



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Published by itsumoAoi
Biography of Thomas Alva Edison - lamp inventor as well as other numerous inventions
Biography of Thomas Alva Edison - lamp inventor as well as other numerous inventions

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: itsumoAoi on Nov 11, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Edison, His Life and Inventions, byFrank Lewis Dyer and Thomas Commerford MartinThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.orgTitle: Edison, His Life and InventionsAuthor: Frank Lewis Dyer and Thomas Commerford MartinRelease Date: January 21, 2006 [EBook #820]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ASCII*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK EDISON, HIS LIFE AND INVENTIONS ***Produced by Charles Keller and David WidgerEDISON HIS LIFE AND INVENTIONSBy Frank Lewis DyerGeneral Counsel For The Edison Laboratory And Allied InterestsAndThomas Commerford MartinEx-President Of The American Institute Of Electrical EngineersCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONI. THE AGE OF ELECTRICITYII. EDISON'S PEDIGREEIII. BOYHOOD AT PORT HURON, MICHIGANIV. THE YOUNG TELEGRAPH OPERATORV. ARDUOUS YEARS IN THE CENTRAL WESTVI. WORK AND INVENTION IN BOSTONVII. THE STOCK TICKERVIII. AUTOMATIC, DUPLEX, AND QUADRUPLEX TELEGRAPHYIX. THE TELEPHONE, MOTOGRAPH, AND MICROPHONEX. THE PHONOGRAPHXI. THE INVENTION OF THE INCANDESCENT LAMP
XII. MEMORIES OF MENLO PARKXIII. A WORLD-HUNT FOR FILAMENT MATERIALXIV. INVENTING A COMPLETE SYSTEM OF LIGHTINGXV. INTRODUCTION OF THE EDISON ELECTRIC LIGHTXVI. THE FIRST EDISON CENTRAL STATIONXVII. OTHER EARLY STATIONS--THE METERXVIII. THE ELECTRIC RAILWAYXIX. MAGNETIC ORE MILLING WORKXX. EDISON PORTLAND CEMENTXXI. MOTION PICTURESXXII. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDISON STORAGE BATTERYXXIII. MISCELLANEOUS INVENTIONSXXIV. EDISON'S METHOD IN INVENTINGXXV. THE LABORATORY AT ORANGE AND THE STAFFXXVI. EDISON IN COMMERCE AND MANUFACTUREXXVII. THE VALUE OF EDISON'S INVENTIONS TO THE WORLDXXVIII. THE BLACK FLAGXXIX. THE SOCIAL SIDE OF EDISONAPPENDIXLIST OF UNITED STATES PATENTSFOREIGN PATENTSINDEXINTRODUCTIONPRIOR to this, no complete, authentic, and authorized record of the workof Mr. Edison, during an active life, has been given to the world. Thatlife, if there is anything in heredity, is very far from finished; andwhile it continues there will be new achievement.An insistently expressed desire on the part of the public for adefinitive biography of Edison was the reason for the following pages.The present authors deem themselves happy in the confidence reposed inthem, and in the constant assistance they have enjoyed from Mr. Edisonwhile preparing these pages, a great many of which are altogetherhis own. This co-operation in no sense relieves the authors ofresponsibility as to any of the views or statements of their own thatthe book contains. They have realized the extreme reluctance of Mr.Edison to be made the subject of any biography at all; while he has feltthat, if it must be written, it were best done by the hands of friendsand associates of long standing, whose judgment and discretion he couldtrust, and whose intimate knowledge of the facts would save him frommisrepresentation.The authors of the book are profoundly conscious of the fact that theextraordinary period of electrical development embraced in it has beenprolific of great men. They have named some of them; but there hasbeen no idea of setting forth various achievements or of ascribingdistinctive merits. This treatment is devoted to one man whom hisfellow-citizens have chosen to regard as in many ways representative ofthe American at his finest flowering in the field of invention duringthe nineteenth century.It is designed in these pages to bring the reader face to face withEdison; to glance at an interesting childhood and a youthful periodmarked by a capacity for doing things, and by an insatiable thirst for
knowledge; then to accompany him into the great creative stretch offorty years, during which he has done so much. This book shows himplunged deeply into work for which he has always had an incrediblecapacity, reveals the exercise of his unsurpassed inventive ability, hiskeen reasoning powers, his tenacious memory, his fertility of resource;follows him through a series of innumerable experiments, conductedmethodically, reaching out like rays of search-light into all theregions of science and nature, and finally exhibits him emergingtriumphantly from countless difficulties bearing with him in new artsthe fruits of victorious struggle.These volumes aim to be a biography rather than a history ofelectricity, but they have had to cover so much general ground indefining the relations and contributions of Edison to the electricalarts, that they serve to present a picture of the whole developmenteffected in the last fifty years, the most fruitful that electricity hasknown. The effort has been made to avoid technique and abstruse phrases,but some degree of explanation has been absolutely necessary in regardto each group of inventions. The task of the authors has consistedlargely in summarizing fairly the methods and processes employed byEdison; and some idea of the difficulties encountered by them inso doing may be realized from the fact that one brief chapter, forexample,--that on ore milling--covers nine years of most intenseapplication and activity on the part of the inventor. It is somethinglike exhibiting the geological eras of the earth in an outline lanternslide, to reduce an elaborate series of strenuous experiments and a vastvariety of ingenious apparatus to the space of a few hundred words.A great deal of this narrative is given in Mr. Edison's own language,from oral or written statements made in reply to questions addressed tohim with the object of securing accuracy. A further large part is basedupon the personal contributions of many loyal associates; and it isdesired here to make grateful acknowledgment to such collaborators asMessrs. Samuel Insull, E. H. Johnson, F. R. Upton, R. N Dyer, S. B.Eaton, Francis Jehl, W. S. Andrews, W. J. Jenks, W. J. Hammer, F. J.Sprague, W. S. Mallory, and C. L. Clarke, and others, without whoseaid the issuance of this book would indeed have been impossible. Inparticular, it is desired to acknowledge indebtedness to Mr. W. H.Meadowcroft not only for substantial aid in the literary part of thework, but for indefatigable effort to group, classify, and summarize theboundless material embodied in Edison's note-books and memorabilia ofall kinds now kept at the Orange laboratory. Acknowledgment must alsobe made of the courtesy and assistance of Mrs. Edison, and especiallyof the loan of many interesting and rare photographs from her privatecollection.EDISON HIS LIFE AND INVENTIONSCHAPTER ITHE AGE OF ELECTRICITY

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