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Jordan Valley Matrix of Control: 2011 Displacement Trends

Jordan Valley Matrix of Control: 2011 Displacement Trends

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Published by Itay Epshtain
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Published by: Itay Epshtain on Jan 19, 2012
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01/10/2013

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Palestinian Population2011 Displacement Trends
In
1967
The Palestinian Population in the JordanValley was
320,000 people.
In
2011
it was reduced to
56,000 people
who live In
29 communities
Movement Restrictions
Israel controls Palestinian movement from the JordanValley to the West Bank through
4 checkpoints 8 dirt mounds 6 trenches
 
covering 25 kilometers
4 agricultural gates 
Water
Israel drilled
28
deepwater wells raising
62%
ofthe water pumped in the West Bank.
Land Use
Total area is
1612 km
2
 
29%
of the West Bank
87%
is Area C under full Israeli control
Jordan Valley Matrix of Control
The Path to Annexation - 2011 Fact Sheet
“Israel will never cede the Jordan Valley. Israel would never agree to withdraw from the Jordan Valley under any peace agreement signed with the Palestinians. And it‘s vital - absolutely vital - that Israelmaintain a long-term military presence along the Jordan River.”
Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s address to U.S. Congress, May 2011
27% Bedouin
 live withoutinfrastructureand services.
80%
live in Jericho.
53%
 are food insecure
21%
 are unemployed
119 km
2
(12%)
are 37 illegal settlementshousing 9,500 settlers
736 km
2
(46%)
are closed military zones
 
318 km
2
(20%)
are 26 declared naturereserves (only 4 areopen to the public)
Legal Framework
Te right to adequate housing is an essentialcomponent o the right to a decent standard o living. When guaranteed, it provides a oundation or therealization o other rights, including the rights toamily, work, education, and, ultimately, national sel-determination.Israel is party to, and bound by, the InternationalCovenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights(ICESCR) which explicitly guarantees the rightto adequate housing. Tat includes the security o tenure, availability o services, and cultural adequacy.Forced evictions are prima acie incompatible withthe requirements o the Covenant. Appropriate procedural protection and due process, and adequatealternative housing, resettlement, or access to productive land must be guaranteed by Israel.As the Occupying Power, Israel is also bound by theFourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protectiono Civilian Persons in ime o War, to which Israelis a signatory. Article 53 prohibits destruction o  property that is not justifed by military necessity.Te Fourth Geneva Convention also prohibits thetranser o an occupying power’s civilian populationinto the territory it is occupying and the transer o anoccupied civilian population.According to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreemento 1995, powers and responsibilities related to zoning and planning in Area C should have been transerredto Palestinian control within 18 months. However,that has not happened in the 16 years since its signing,and Israel has made it clear that it intends to annex the Jordan Valley and displace its Palestinian inhabitants,in contravention o international law and bi-lateralagreements.
De-facto Annexation
In November 2011, Israel expropriated 1.5 km
2
o Palestinian land in the northern Jordan Valleyand de acto annexed the land to a Jewish community within Israel proper. his is considered theirst instance o Palestinian land in the Occupied West Bank to be annexed to Israel, (excluding East Jerusalem) in deiance o international law.
Structures Demolished
36%
(172)of totalstructuresdemolished
43%
(74)of all residentialstructuresdemolished
41%
(366)of all peopledisplaced
2009
 
140 Structures
2009
 
193 People
2010
 
218 Structures
2010
 
174 People
2011
 
(Jan-Nov)
 
173 Structures
2011
 
(Jan-Nov)
 
366 People
Palastinian receive
 
60 liters
 
per capita/dayless than the minimal100 liter per capita/day water consumptionrecommended bythe World HealthOrganization
Settlers receive487 liters
 
per capita/day
70%
 
foragricultural use
PeopleDisplaced
PO Box 2030, Jerusalem 91020 Israel
T
+972-2-6245560
M
info@icahd.org
www.icahd.org

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