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Beginning to Knit

Beginning to Knit

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Published by mattspong
basic knitting instructions
basic knitting instructions

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Published by: mattspong on Nov 11, 2008
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KNITTING
August 30, 2005
1 Introduction
Knitting is the art of using yarn or thread to make fabric from interlocking loops. Its origin has been tracedas far back as the fourth or fifth century B.C. to sandal socks discovered in the Middle East.In the past, knitting has been the occupation of shepherds watching their flocks, sailors whiling away thehours of long voyages during the age of exploration, apprentices who studied it in 13th and 14th Centuryknitting guilds, and royal knitters in the court of England at the time of King Henry VIII. At certain timesin history, only members of royalty were allowed to wear knitted items. One of the knitted garments ondisplay at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London is a handsome handknitted silk shirt, which KingCharles I wore on the day of his beheading.Handknitting is a popular pastime, producing items that are functional, economical, fashionable and funto make. In addition, knitting offers an opportunity for creative selection of color and style, and allows youto fashion garments that really fit. For all these reasons and more, we think you will enjoy learning the artof knitting.Theinformationinthisdocumentcamefromthewebsitehttp://www.wonderful-things.com/newknit.htmCompiled in a more legible and printer friendly document by Matthew Spong in April 2005, using L
A
TEX.1
 
Contents
1 Introduction 12 Learning To Knit 5
2.1 Casting On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52.1.1 Knitting On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52.1.2 Cable Cast-on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.1.3 Single Cast on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.1.4 Double Cast-On Method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.1.5 Looped Cast On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82.2 Holding The Yarn And Needles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92.2.1 Forming the Knit Stitch/English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92.2.2 Forming the Knit Stitch/Continental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.3 Learning the Purl Stitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122.3.1 Forming the Purl Stitch/English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122.3.2 Forming the Purl Stitch/Continental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132.4 Increasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152.4.1 Yarn-Over Increase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152.4.2 Raised Increase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162.4.3 Lifted Increase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172.4.4 Bar And Moss Increase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182.5 Decreasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212.5.1 Double Decreasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232.6 Binding Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242.6.1 Plain Bind-off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242.6.2 Suspended Bind-off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242.6.3 Ending a bind off row. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252.6.4 Plain Bind Off Two Pieces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252.6.5 Invisible Bind Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252.6.6 Crocheted Bind Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262.7 Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
 
2.8 Correcting Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302.9 Picking up Stitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322.10 Assembling a Garment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332.10.1 Stockinette-side seams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332.10.2 Stockinette-shoulder seams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332.10.3 Ribbing-side seams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332.10.4 Garter stitch-side seams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342.10.5 Grafting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342.11 Knitting with a Circular needle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362.12 Knitting with Double Pointed Needles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372.13 Instructions for knitting backwards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392.14 The Perfect Buttonhole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402.15 Tips and Tricks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412.15.1 How to knit with elastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422.15.2 Questions and Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
3 Learning to Crochet 53
3.1 Right Handed Chain (ch st) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543.2 Left Handed Chain (ch st) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 553.3 Single Crochet (sc) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563.4 Half Double Crochet (hdc) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573.5 Double Crochet (dc) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583.6 Triple Crochet (tr) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 593.7 Double Triple Crochet (dtr) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 603.8 Slip Stitch (sl st) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 613.9 Variations on Elementary Stitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 623.9.1 Working Between stitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 623.9.2 Double chain stitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 633.9.3 Double-faced double crochet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 643.9.4 A double knot stitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653.10 Joining and securing yarns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 663.11 Shaping Increasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 673

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