Dark energy, wormholes, and the Big Rip
and W. Israel
Physics Department, Bishop’s University Lennoxville, Quebec, Canada J1M 1Z7
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria P.O. Box 3055, Victoria, B.C., Canada V8W 3P6
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Cosmology Program
The time evolution of a wormhole in a Friedmann universe approaching the BigRip is studied. The wormhole is modeled by a thin spherical shell accreting thesuperquintessence ﬂuid – two diﬀerent models are presented. Contrary to recentclaims that the wormhole overtakes the expansion of the universe and engulfs itbefore the Big Rip is reached, it is found that the wormhole becomes asymptoticallycomoving with the cosmic ﬂuid and the future evolution of the universe is fullycausal.
Keywords: wormholes, dark energy, Big RipPACS: 04.20.-q, 98.80.-k, 04.20.Jb