For instance, a coin having a deep scratch that it is not easily visible on its reverse (back) side will not bestrictly penalized. However, if the same scratch was positioned on a noticeable or obvious central point onthe front, such as the cheek on the Statue of Liberty, it would be penalized much more. Patina or luster A coin can have a variation of textures on the surface, influenced by design, the metal that was used and the“mint of origin”. Textures can include frosty, satiny, proof-like and semi-proof-like. When examining the coin’s surface in terms of grade, two things should be looked at; the quantity, or whatis left of the original skin (has to be intact), and the location and amount of marks. Luster is important especially when determining whether a coin is either circulated or uncirculated. A coinin Mint State technically; is free of abrasion and wear and must not have significant breaks in its luster. Color This is a very subjective element in determining coin grade. For instance, a “gold coin” showing dark green-gold pigmentation may be unattractive to one collector and attractive to another. As gold is moderately an inert metal, it is not prone to much color variance as copper or silver. Althoughwide ranging colors may exist in gold coins. Almost all of US gold coins had been dipped or cleaned, therefore not anymore displaying their originalcolor. As coin collectors become knowledgeable, most of them are attracted and fascinated to coins havingtheir natural color. In most coin series, it is nearly impossible to discover original coin pieces. Eye attraction or appeal Color, luster, strike and surface marks come together, comprises “eye appeal”. Note that a coin havingsuperior “eye appeal” can be strong in one aspect, such as possessing exceptional luster but not quite asstrong in another aspect, such as not so good color. A coin that is undesirable in one aspect yet good enough in all the other aspects can still be distinguished as“below average” in “eye appeal”. Knowing how to grade a coin is very important so that one can have an idea of the value or price of the cointhat he is buying or selling. When new to coin collecting, be sure to ask the help of an experienced collectoror dealer when buying or exchanging your coins.