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English Notes - 4 Modules

English Notes - 4 Modules

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Published by Rinse John

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Published by: Rinse John on Jan 20, 2012
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10/20/2013

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 English Notes
1 BBM
A
 
21-Jan-12
St. Joseph’s
College of CommerceRinse John
 
Where the Mind is Without Fear
 
Rabindranath Tagore
Where the mind is without fear and the head is held highWhere knowledge is freeWhere the world has not been broken up into fragmentsBy narrow domestic wallsWhere words come out from the depth of truthWhere tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfectionWhere the clear stream of reason has not lost its wayInto the dreary desert sand of dead habitWhere the mind is led forward by theeInto ever-widening thought and actionInto that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake.
SUMMARY :
This poem in this selection has been taken from his English ‘Gitanjali’. Tagore had a very deep
religious caste of mind and profound humanism. He was both a patriot and an internationalist. In the
poem, ‘Where The Mind Is Without Fear’, Tagore sketches a moving picture of the nation he would
like India to be. Where everyone within the fold of the brotherhood is f
ree to hold up one’s head highand one’s voice to be heard without having any tension of fear of oppression or forced compulsion.
 
Where the knowledge is not restricted by narrow ideas and loyalties. The British rule had robbedIndia of its pride and dignity by reducing it to a subject nation.
The India of Tagore’s dream is a country where her people hold their heads high with their pride in
knowledge and strength born of that knowledge. Where all countrymen must come out the aged-oldworld of people who have lost the vision of one humanity by the narrow loyalties of caste creed andreligion. Prejudice and superstitious which narrow the mind and divide people would be a thing of thepast. Where the words of truth come out from the depths of the heart and are spoken outcourageously in the open for the world to hear. People would work for perfections in the clear light ofreason leaving aside all superstitious ritual.This is only for educational purposes.
 –
RJ
 
Where everyone is free to toil and work hard for anything they desire either for their own or for thegood of the nation. Everyone is encouraged to strive tirelessly till they attain full satisfaction inreaching their goals and perfection. Where blind superstitious habits of thought and action have notput out the light of reason. Where people
s mind should not dwell in the mistakes of the past nor bepossessed by it. On the other hand they should be led by the power of reasoning to be focused on
the future by applying scientific thought and action. Tagore’s only prayer to the Supreme Ultimate is
 leading the nation to such an ideal state of heaven. It is only by the universality of outlook and anabiding passion for the realization of great human ideals that India will achieve her true freedom.This way alone she will realize her destiny.
Version 2 :
Included in the volume called
 
Naibedya 
, the original poem bears the title '
Prarthana'
i.e. prayer.The poem is a prayer to a universal father-figure, presumably, God.The poet wishes to be awakened to a heaven where the mind can work fearlessly and the spirit canhold its head high, where one can acquire knowledge in all freedom of choice, where the big world ofman is not fragmented or restricted to small mutually exclusive compartments, where everybodyspeaks his/her heart clear, where actions flow in the form of various streams moving from success tosuccess, where petty conventions do not stagnate the course of judgments, where manhood is notpieced, where God himself leads us in all acts, all thoughts, and all sources of delight. We need astrong motivating slap by God to be elevated to that heaven.This is only for educational purposes.
 –
RJ

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