Ramusi Maropene 14953641
cannot penetrate the water and aerobic aquatic organism die as they cannot photosynthesise. Some aerobicorganisms attack the organic waste releasing gases such as methane and hydrogen sulphide which isharmful the aerobic organisms.When the organic matter exceeds the capacity of micro-organisms in water that break down and recycle theorganic matter, it encourages the rapid growth of algae. When the algae dies, its remains add up to theorganic waste already in the water and eventually the water becomes deficient in oxygen. Eutrophicationwill eventually lead to the dearth of all forms of life in the Hartebeespoort dam.
Solutions for water pollution
Dams used for water storage have to be built in higher altitude places and away from residentialareas. This will stop the run-off of leached waste water from industries, leached fertilizers fromfarms and sewage water into the dams.
Promote the use of natural, environmentally sensitive methods of pest control such as intercroppingand using natural predators and pests.
A buffer strip of aquatic, nutrient loving plants should be planted around rivers, lakes, or dams usedto store water for important use. These plants will stop heavy sediments and absorb other nutrientsand minerals before they enter the water.
Municipal refuse dumps should be placed away from water resources and placed at very dry placeswhere leaching of the wastes contaminants does not reach surface water or easily absorbed into thesoil reaching the groundwater.In general, South Africa has a limited supply of water and the quality of this water is being threatened by pollution. Water is in great demand, and as the human population grows with its increasing needs of survival, the greater demand for water becomes. People in South Africa need have the utmost respect for water and life, use water carefully, not waste it, and take action to solve any water problems.
In order to respond to the continuing deterioration of water quality and to meet the challenges of the future,the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry has come up a Receiving Water Quality Objectives approachconsisting of a planned approach for non-hazardous substances and a pollution minimisation and prevention approach for hazardous substances. In order to counter the limitations of this approach, a precaution approach was accepted to prevent danger and minimise uncertainty and potential risk of undesirable impacts on the environment.Therefore, this clearly looks good for the future of South Africa in terms of water pollution conditions.Decisions are also made concerning water quality management in terms of a hierarchy of principles, whichis specifically aimed at linking together the protection, use and development of water resources.
Cape Town Local Government Services (
Department of Water Affairs and Forestry