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Circulation Heaters

Circulation Heaters

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Published by Elias
Watlows™ Tubular and Process Assemblies Circulation Heaters provide a readymade means to install electric heating with a minimal amount of time and labor. This is accomplished by combining heating elements, vessel, insulation, terminal enclosure, mounting brackets and inlet and outlet. On stock chart units: Five to seven working days on all Assembly Stock heaters 10 working days on special voltages and/or wattages 15 working days on special element lengths.
Watlows™ Tubular and Process Assemblies Circulation Heaters provide a readymade means to install electric heating with a minimal amount of time and labor. This is accomplished by combining heating elements, vessel, insulation, terminal enclosure, mounting brackets and inlet and outlet. On stock chart units: Five to seven working days on all Assembly Stock heaters 10 working days on special voltages and/or wattages 15 working days on special element lengths.

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Published by: Elias on Nov 12, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/19/2014

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367
W A T L O W
Circulation Heaters
Tubular andProcess Assemblies
 C i   c ul   a t  i   on e a t   e s
TypeSizes (inch)NPT
1
1
 ⁄ 
4
,
2
1
 ⁄ 
2
Screw PlugsANSI flanges
3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14
Circulation heaters provide a ready-made means to install electricheating with a minimal amount oftime and labor. This isaccomplished by combiningheating elements, vessel, insulation,terminal enclosure, mountingbrackets and inlet and outletconnections into a completeassembly.Made from NPT screw plug or ANSIflange heater assemblies matedwith a pressure vessel (tank),circulation heaters are designed toheat forced-circulation air, gases orliquids. Ideal for either in-line orside-arm operations, theseassemblies direct fluids pastFIREBAR
 ® 
or WATROD heatingelements, to deliver fast responseand even heat distribution.Watlow can meet virtually all yourcirculation heater assembly needswith made-to-order units. Made-to-order units can be made from awide range of heating elementsheath materials, wattages, vesselsizes and materials, pressureratings, terminal enclosures andcontrols.
Performance Capabilities 
Watt densities to 120 W/in
2
(18.6 W/cm
2
)Wattages to one megawattUL
 ® 
and CSA componentrecognition to 480V
Å
(ac) and600V
Å
(ac) respectivelyRatings to 600 lb pressure classIncoloy
 ® 
sheath temperatures to1600°F (870°C)Passivated 316 stainless steelsheath temperatures to 120F(650°C)Steel sheath temperatures to750°F (400°C)Copper sheath temperatures to350°F (175°C)
Flange ratings meet recognizedagency standards
. ANSI B16.5Class 150 on:Four or six inch FIREBARelement flangesThree to 14 inch WATRODelement flanges
FIREBAR assemblies
packmore wattage in a smaller heaterbundle—replaces larger flangeswith round tubular elements, witha smaller package.
Compacted MgO insulationfilled elements
maximizedielectric strength, heat transferand life.
One inch (25 mm) thermalinsulation
, rated to 750°F(400°C), reduces heat loss fromthe vessel.
Heavy-gauge steel jacket(shroud)
protects thermalinsulation and heating vessel.Comes with protective primercoating.
All catalog units rated to ANSIpressure Class 150
. Pressurevessels (tanks) are either carbonor 316 stainless steel.
NPT or ANSI Class 150 nozzleconnections
make installationeasy. Inlet and outlet nozzleconnections are:Threaded MNPT on eight inchand smaller tanksClass 150 flanged connectionson 10 inch and larger tanks
UL
 ® 
is a registered trademark ofUnderwriter's Laboratories, Inc.Incoloy
 ® 
is a registered trademark ofSpecial Metals Corporation.
FlangeAssemblyThreadedPipe OutletGasketPressureVesselMountingLugsJacketThreadedPipe Inlet1" (25 mm)Insulation
Features and Benefits 
Standard screw plugs andflanges
feature a wide selectionof WATROD and FIREBARelements to meet specificapplication requirements.
On stock chart units: • Five to seven working days on all Assembly Stock heaters • 10 working days on special voltages and/or wattages • 15 working days on special element lengths 
 
368
Circulation Heaters
Tubular andProcess Assemblies
Applications 
Water:DeionizedDemineralizedCleanPotableProcessIndustrial water rinse tanksHydraulic oil, crude, asphaltLubricating oils at API specifiedwatt densitiesHeat transfer oilParaffinCaustic cleanersNitrogen, hydrogen and otherair/gas systemsSuperheating steam
Thermostats
To provide process temperaturecontrol, Watlow offers optionalsingle and double pole thermostats.Thermostats are typically mountedin the terminal enclosure. Optionalside mounting on vessel alsoavailable.See
Screw Plug Immersion Heaters 
,
page 324
, and
Flange Immersion Heaters 
, on
page 342
for details.
Options
Terminal Enclosures
General purpose (NEMA 1) terminalenclosures, without thermostats, aresupplied on all Watlow circulationheaters. Moisture and explosionresistant ratings are available tomeet specific application needs. Forscrew plug terminal enclosures,refer to
pages 322 to 324
. Forflange terminal enclosures, refer to
pages 340 to 341
.
Stand-off Terminal Enclosures
Stand-off terminal enclosures helpprotect terminal enclosures againstexcessive temperatures. For details,refer to
page 340
.
Thermocouples
To sense process or element sheathtemperature, ASTM Type J or Kthermocouples are available.See
Screw Plug Immersion Heaters 
,
page 325
and
Flange Immersion Heaters 
, on
page 342
for details.
CSA Certified Enclosures
To meet agency recognitionrequirements, CSA certifiedmoisture and/or explosion resistantterminal enclosures are available.Consult your Watlow representativefor details.
Features and Benefits 
Mounting lugs
are welded ontothe tank wall of all 2
1
 ⁄ 
2
inch NPTand larger units. Lugs are flushwith outer insulation jacket andprovide mounting support.
Flange mounting holes
straddlecenterline to comply with industrystandards.
Standard,general purpose(NEMA 1) terminal enclosures
offer easy access to terminalwiring.
UL
 ® 
and CSA componentrecognition
under file numbersE52951 and 31388 respectively.See
pages 268 to 271
for details.
Branch circuits
are subdividedby National Electric Code (NEC)requirements to a maximum of48 amps per circuit.
Process Thermocouple in Nozzle
(Must specify which nozzle)1
1
 ⁄ 
43
 ⁄ 
4
NPT8
3
 ⁄ 
16
2
1
 ⁄ 
2
1 NPT8
3
 ⁄ 
16
31 NPT8
3
 ⁄ 
16
41
1
 ⁄ 
2
NPT10
3
 ⁄ 
8
52 NPT11
1
 ⁄ 
16
62
1
 ⁄ 
2
NPT13
3
 ⁄ 
8
82
1
 ⁄ 
2
NPT14
3
 ⁄ 
8
Ref.Ref.DimensionTank SizeNozzle Size"A"
For 10 inch and larger tanks consult factory for dimension.
RefT
 
369
W A T L O W
Circulation Heaters
Tubular andProcess Assemblies
 C i   c ul   a t  i   on e a t   e s
Standard Sheath Materials
WATROD
Incoloy
 ® 
316 stainless steelSteelCopper
FIREBAR
Incoloy
 ® 
Options
Continued
Passivated Finish
For critical applications, passivationwill remove free iron from all wettedsurfaces.Consult factory for details.Baffles mounted on the heatingelement bundle enhance and/ormodify liquid or gas flow for betterheat transfer.For critical sheath temperature andlow flow conditions, baffles may berequired.Consult your Watlow representativefor details.
Pressure Vessels
All standard pressure vessel (tank)materials are rated to 150 lb andmade from:Carbon steel316 stainless steelAll catalog pressure vessels (tanks)are steel unless otherwise noted.316 stainless steel pressurevessels (tanks) are passivated on allwetted surfaces. Available fromAssembly Stock on 2
1
 ⁄ 
2
inch NPTand four or six inch ANSI flangecirculation heaters.Made-to-order units can be made ina variety of materials, flange sizesand pressure classes.To order, specify
pressurevessel (tank) size,material
and
pressure class
.ANSI ratings to 600 lb are availablefor high-pressure applications. Forpressure class ratings above600 lb, as well as other vesselmaterials, consult Watlow ProcessSystems in Troy, Missouri.
Monel
 ® 
is a registered trademark ofSpecial Metals Corporation.
Direction of Flow
Sheath Materials
The following sheath materials areavailable on WATROD andFIREBAR heating elements:
BafflesBranch Circuits
Branch circuits are subdivided byNational Electrical Code (NEC)requirements to a maximum of48 amps per circuit. Consult factoryfor circuit requirements other thanthose listed in the stock charts.
Wattages and Voltages
Watlow routinely supplies circulationheaters with 120 to 480V
Å
(ac) aswell as wattages from 500 watts toone megawatt. If required, Watlowwill configure circulation heaterswith voltages and wattages outsidethese parameters.For more information on specialvoltage and wattage configurations,consult your Watlow representative.
Made-to-Order Sheath Materials
WATROD
304 stainless steelMonel
 ® 
FIREBAR
304 stainless steel
Exotic Sheath Materials
Consult your Watlow representativefor details and availability.

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